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Constraints and Prospects in the Development of Renewable Energy Sources

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "A: Sustainable Energy".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (25 April 2024) | Viewed by 4835

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Agri-Food Engineering and Environmental Management, Institute of Environmental Engineering and Energy, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Environmental Sciences, Bialystok University of Technology, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland
Interests: renewable energy sources; biomass; wind energy; photovoltaics; GIS; biodiversity; ecosystem ecology; ecosystem serivce; MCDA

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Guest Editor
Department of Power Engineering and Transportation, Faculty of Production Engineering, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 20-612 Lublin, Poland
Interests: renewable energy; combustion biomass; waste conversion; biomass processing; biofuel; alternative fuels for engines; emission reduction technologies

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Guest Editor
Institute of Environmental Engineering and Energy, Bialystok University of Technology, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland
Interests: biowaste upcycling; biowaste-to-biochar; pelletization

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As part of a Special Issue in the journal Energies, we wish to present the results of innovative research works and technologies concerning renewable energy sources, taking into account all paths of limitations and prospects for their development. The presented articles’ aim is to enable a thorough analysis of future joint actions for the climate and environment. Areas of interest include, but are not limited to, the following topics:

  1. Characteristics of energy generation systems; energy generation systems and the natural environment.
  2. Biomass and biofuels; systems for generating electricity and heat using biomass.
  3. Wind energy; current status and development opportunities for wind energy; ecological and economic aspects of using renewable energy sources.
  4. Hydropower; the energy of tides, waves and sea currents; the thermal energy of seas and oceans; ecological and economic aspects of using renewable energy sources.
  5. Solar energy; passive and active solar energy utilization systems; solar panels; photovoltaic cells; solar power plants.
  6. Geothermal energy; the use of geothermal energy in the process of electricity and heat production.
  7. Environmental problems related to RES and their impacts on biotic and abiotic components of the environment and the landscape.
  8. Good practices in the development of RES.

Prof. Dr. Grażyna Łaska
Prof. Dr. Grzegorz Zając
Dr. Magdalena Joka Yildiz
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • biomass
  • biofuels
  • wind energy
  • hydropower
  • solar energy
 

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

14 pages, 2056 KiB  
Article
Analysis of the Use of a Low-Power Photovoltaic System to Power a Water Pumping Station in a Tourist Town
by Kamil Świętochowski, Martyna Świętochowska, Marek Kalenik and Joanna Gwoździej-Mazur
Energies 2023, 16(21), 7435; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16217435 - 3 Nov 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 560
Abstract
The increase in electricity generation prices represents a reason why water utility companies are looking for ways to reduce costs. One of the first ideas of users was to build photovoltaic installations. Water treatment plants or sewage treatment plants usually have large unused [...] Read more.
The increase in electricity generation prices represents a reason why water utility companies are looking for ways to reduce costs. One of the first ideas of users was to build photovoltaic installations. Water treatment plants or sewage treatment plants usually have large unused areas. They look different in facilities that consume a lot of energy but occupy little land, and include water intakes (wells) and water pumping stations. Facilities equipped with pumps are characterized by high electricity consumption. This article assesses the possibility of using PV installations at the water intake. An analysis of energy production from the 3.0 kW PV installation in Polanica-Zdrój was carried out, and then, simulations of the possibility of providing energy via installations with capacities of 3.0 kW, 4.2 kW, and 6.0 kW were performed. Analyses of energy production and demand, as well as analyses of water production based on annual, monthly, daily, and hourly data, were performed. An analysis of the hourly coverage of the WPS’s demand for electricity was carried out with regard to the current production of energy from the PV installation, as was an analysis of the overproduction of energy from the PV installation regarding the energy demand of the WPS. The simulation results are presented for cloudy and sunny days. Full article
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22 pages, 2633 KiB  
Article
The Use of Bread Bakery Waste as a Binder Additive in the Production of Fuel Pellets from Straw
by Sławomir Obidziński, Paweł Cwalina, Małgorzata Kowczyk-Sadowy, Małgorzata Krasowska, Aneta Sienkiewicz, Damian Faszczewski and Joanna Szyszlak-Bargłowicz
Energies 2023, 16(21), 7313; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16217313 - 28 Oct 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1116
Abstract
The paper presents the results of a study on the effects of the addition of bread bakery waste (stale bread, sometimes infected with mold, from store returns) to agricultural waste consisting of triticale straw on the process of solid biofuel pelleting and the [...] Read more.
The paper presents the results of a study on the effects of the addition of bread bakery waste (stale bread, sometimes infected with mold, from store returns) to agricultural waste consisting of triticale straw on the process of solid biofuel pelleting and the physical and fuel properties of the obtained pellets. The pelleting process was conducted in a pelletizer equipped with a flat matrix, with holes 6 mm in diameter, and two pelleting rollers (for straw alone and for a mixture of straw and bread waste with mass fractions of 5, 10, and 15%). The addition of bread waste during the process of pelleting resulted in reduced power demand for the pelletizer in each of the analyzed cases. The largest decrease in the power demand (by approximately 18%, i.e., from 1.27 to 1.04 kW) was recorded for a 15% addition of sunflower seed bread to the mixture with straw. Moreover, the addition of bread waste also caused a significant increase in the kinetic strength of pellets compared to pellets produced from straw alone. The highest kinetic strength was obtained in the case of pellets produced from a mixture of straw with a 15% white bread content, i.e., 99.43%. For all of the analyzed types of additives, kinetic strength increased with increasing additive content. In each of the analyzed cases, the obtained values of density of pellets produced from a mixture of straw and bread waste, as well as the kinetic strength, allow for the conclusion that the obtained pellets, in this respect, meet the requirements of ISO 17225-2:2021 and ENplus standards for Class A1 pellets. Full article
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24 pages, 4407 KiB  
Article
The Approach to Finding Locations for Wind Farms Using GIS and MCDA: Case Study Based on Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland
by Artur Amsharuk and Grażyna Łaska
Energies 2023, 16(20), 7107; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16207107 - 16 Oct 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1637
Abstract
This article presents an approach to locating wind farms based on open-source data, GIS software (QGiS v.3.32 Lima), and multicriteria decision-making methods such as AHP, TOPSIS and Borda. The article aims to check the availability of the most suitable sites for wind farms [...] Read more.
This article presents an approach to locating wind farms based on open-source data, GIS software (QGiS v.3.32 Lima), and multicriteria decision-making methods such as AHP, TOPSIS and Borda. The article aims to check the availability of the most suitable sites for wind farms in Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland. After the site-selection process, 704 plots were selected after three stages of exclusion (technical–natural, social, and economic). These plots cover a total area of 32.50 km2, about 0.16% of the region’s area. The results show that Podlaskie Voivodeship has the most considerable clustering of suitable sites for wind farm construction in three districts, with a total area of 21.53 km2. The first district is in the southwestern part of the region, with an area of 14.84 km2; the second district is in the southeastern part of the region, with an area of 5.59 km2; and the third district is in the northern part of the region, with an area of 1.1 km2. A selected area of 32.50 km2 for wind farms and single turbines could increase the power capacity by 62% with 131.5 MW. The GIS and multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) methodology is repeatable and can be used for further research in other voivodeships in Poland and other countries. International and Polish investors and renewable energy sources (RESs) developers can use the research results to select new locations for investments that fit their strategy in the local market. Full article
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18 pages, 1733 KiB  
Article
Perception of Prosumer Photovoltaic Technology in Poland: Usability, Ease of Use, Attitudes, and Purchase Intentions
by Iwona Zdonek, Anna Mularczyk, Marian Turek and Stanisław Tokarski
Energies 2023, 16(12), 4674; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16124674 - 12 Jun 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 971
Abstract
This article aims to examine the factors affecting the acceptance of photovoltaic technology in Poland. Questions were asked about the perceived usefulness and ease of use of PV technology, how the attitudes and intentions of using PV technology are shaped, and how activities [...] Read more.
This article aims to examine the factors affecting the acceptance of photovoltaic technology in Poland. Questions were asked about the perceived usefulness and ease of use of PV technology, how the attitudes and intentions of using PV technology are shaped, and how activities related to the promotion of PV technology are perceived. An examination was also conducted on which sociodemographic variables influence the above-mentioned constructs. As a result of the analysis, it was found that the economic usefulness of prosumer PV technology is rated the highest from the cost perspective. In terms of perceived ecological utility, the highest ratings were assigned to intentions to increase the production of green energy and to perceiving PV heating as ecological. In both of the above cases, the variables that statistically significantly influenced this assessment were age and the fact of having a PV system. The perceived ease of use of the PV system was also rated highly. The answers provided differed significantly depending on the possession of a PV system, gender, size of the place of residence and whether there was a person with technical education in the household. It was also noted that the attitudes towards the technology of prosumer PV systems are very favorable in terms of all the examined variables defining this construct. The variables that statistically differentiated the answers were experience in using PV systems, age, and size of the town. Furthermore, attention was drawn to ambiguous assessments of the perception of activities related to the promotion of prosumer PV systems. It was established that the only sociodemographic variable that determines statistically significant differences is age. Full article
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