Diversity, Evolution and Conservation Ecology of Aquatic Species

A special issue of Diversity (ISSN 1424-2818). This special issue belongs to the section "Freshwater Biodiversity".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 September 2024 | Viewed by 340

Special Issue Editors

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biology, University of the Ozarks, Clarksville, AR 72830, USA
Interests: community ecology; conservation; human–wildlife conflict; population ecology; species ranges

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, T2N 1N4 AB, Canada
Interests: biodiversity; conservation genetics; local adaptation; phylogeography; population structure; predation; speciation

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Water covers 71% of the Earth’s surface, with approximately 96.5% being found in oceans as salt water and 3.5% existing as fresh water. However, only 0.3% of fresh water (covering 0.01% of the Earth’s surface) is found in lakes, rivers, and streams. Despite the dramatic difference in total coverage, the disparity in described diversity in marine vs. freshwater ecosystems is considerably smaller (~240,000 species vs. ~125,000 species, respectively), highlighting that oceans are vastly underexplored and freshwater ecosystems promote high levels of biodiversity. For example, there are an estimated 1200 (mostly endemic) species of cichlids found in Lakes Victoria, Malawi, and Tanganyika. Sadly, the threats to aquatic ecosystems are many, and include pollutants, extraction, habitat loss, and exotic species. Accordingly, many groups of aquatic species are at risk. For example, 20.3% of crabs are categorized by IUCN as critically endangered, endangered, or vulnerable.

This Special Issue of Diversity seeks papers that further our knowledge of the factors promoting diversification and evolution, as well as those that explicitly apply ecological and evolutionary principles to the conservation and management of aquatic species. We welcome submissions that operate at a local to global scale, are focused on single species to higher level taxonomic units, and communities to ecosystems, covering marine, brackish, and freshwater systems. Diverse approaches are welcome, including controlled and natural experiments, genetic/genomic studies, modelling, and reviews.

Dr. Christie Sampson
Prof. Dr. Steven Vamosi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Diversity is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • aquatic species
  • biogeography
  • conservation ecology
  • diversity
  • evolution
  • genomics
  • macroevolution
  • phylogenetics

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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