Synthesis, Processing and Characterization of Micro- and Nanostructured Functional Materials for Advanced Applications

A special issue of Crystals (ISSN 2073-4352). This special issue belongs to the section "Inorganic Crystalline Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 May 2024) | Viewed by 489

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology Department, Advanced Materials Institute, Central Metallurgical Research and Development Institutes, Cairo, Egypt
Interests: synthesis, processing and characterization of micro- and nanostructured functional materials and thin films and their testing and evaluation for realistic applications; secondary resources and waste materials processing; wastewater treatment and culture heritage preservation and conservation

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Co-Guest Editor
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, North-West University, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa
Interests: coordination compound; organometallic chemistry; inorganic chemistry; bioinorganic chemistry; materials chemistry; biological activity; environmental applications; postharvest technology
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Co-Guest Editor
Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology Department, Central Metallurgical Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 87, Helwan 11421, Egypt
Interests: nanostructured materials; graphene; 2D materials; CO2 conversion; wastewater treatment

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Over the last several decades, materials have been critical to the growth, prosperity, security, and quality of life of humans. Since the dawn of time, novel materials have been among the greatest achievements of every age. They have paved the way for new technologies in the fields of civil, chemical, construction, nuclear, aeronautical, agricultural, mechanical, biomedical, and electrical engineering that make use of functional materials such as biomaterials, packaging materials, and flexible electronics. Specifically, advanced materials in which the composition, structure, and surface are functionalized to confer specific, application-oriented properties.

This Special Issue collection will cover some of the latest developments in the synthesis, processing, and characterization of nanostructured functional materials for advanced applications. It will correlate the structure and properties for realistic applications. Ceramics, composites, electronic and optoelectronic materials, amorphous materials, crystalline materials, thin films, and nanostructured materials are examples of such materials.

Prof. Dr. Osama Ahmed Fouad
Prof. Dr. Damian C. Onwudiwe
Dr. Ramadan A. Geioushy
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Crystals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • nanostructured functional materials for advanced applications
  • advanced functional composite materials
  • advanced processing and manufacturing for functional materials
  • advanced functional materials for flexible optoelectronics
  • advanced magnetic materials
  • advanced piezoelectronic, ferroelectric, pyroelectric, and multiferroic materials
  • advanced ceramic and bio-ceramic materials
  • advanced materials for energy storage and harvesting
  • advanced functional materials for sensor and actuator applications
  • advanced functional materials for environmental remediation

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

12 pages, 2417 KiB  
Article
Synthesis and Mechanism Study of Carbon Nanowires, Carbon Nanotubes, and Carbon Pompons on Single-Crystal Diamonds
by Shuai Wu, Qiang Wang, Kesheng Guo, Lei Liu, Jie Bai, Zhenhuai Yang, Xin Li and Hong Liu
Crystals 2024, 14(6), 481; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst14060481 - 21 May 2024
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Abstract
Carbon nanomaterials are in high demand owing to their exceptional physical and chemical properties. This study employed a mixture of CH4, H2, and N2 to create carbon nanostructures on a single-crystal diamond using microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition [...] Read more.
Carbon nanomaterials are in high demand owing to their exceptional physical and chemical properties. This study employed a mixture of CH4, H2, and N2 to create carbon nanostructures on a single-crystal diamond using microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition (MPCVD) under high-power conditions. By controlling the substrate surface and nitrogen flow rate, carbon nanowires, carbon nanotubes, and carbon pompons could be selectively deposited. The results obtained from OES, SEM, TEM, and Raman spectroscopy revealed that the nitrogen flow rate and substrate surface conditions were crucial for the growth of carbon nanostructures. The changes in the plasma shape enhanced the etching effect, promoting the growth of carbon pompons. The CN and C2 groups play vital catalytic roles in the formation of carbon nanotubes and nanowires, guiding the precipitation and composite growth of carbon atoms at the interface between the Mo metal catalysts and diamond. This study demonstrated that heterostructures of diamond–carbon nanomaterials could be produced under high-power conditions, offering a new approach to integrating diamond and carbon nanomaterials. Full article
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