High Precision X-ray Measurements 2021

A special issue of Condensed Matter (ISSN 2410-3896). This special issue belongs to the section "Spectroscopy and Imaging in Condensed Matter".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 September 2021) | Viewed by 35880

Special Issue Editor

INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati, Roma, Italy
Interests: nuclear physics; X-ray physics; detector R&D; spectrometers; mosaic crystal; radioprotection; radiobiology
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Special Note: The Article Processing Fees will be Waived for all invited contributions from X-ray 2021.

 

HPXM2021 (High Precision X-ray Measurements 2021) is the second event, following HPXM2018, the first conference on High Precision X-ray Measurements held at the INFN Laboratories of Frascati in 2018. In the wake of the great success of the first edition, the conference is planned to consolidate the existing network successfully connecting different research teams, and to expand it. HPXM2021 will be an opportunity for participants to discuss and share results of their different activities, all sharing the goal of the high precision detection of X-rays.

The aim of the conference Special Issue is to update the X-ray physics community, collecting original contributions from different areas and research fields, from the most recent developments in X-ray detection and the possible impacts in nuclear physics, quantum physics, XRF, XES, EXAFS, PIXE, plasma emission spectroscopy, X-ray monochromators, synchrotron radiation, telescopes and space engineering, medical applications, cultural heritage, food and beverage quality control, elemental mapping, etc.

This second Special Issue will also host contributions related to radioprotection and ray-tracing simulations. A special focus of the conference and of the Special Issue continues to be research on graphite mosaic crystals and their applications.

Dr. Alessandro Scordo
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • X-ray energy detectors
  • X-ray position detectors
  • spectrometers
  • X-ray tracing simulations
  • radioprotection
  • X-ray optics
  • graphite-based applications
  • X-ray imaging
  • cultural heritage applications of X-rays
  • X-rays in astrophysics
  • medical applications
  • X-rays in nuclear physics

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Published Papers (15 papers)

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Editorial

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3 pages, 182 KiB  
Editorial
High Precision X-ray Measurements 2021
Condens. Matter 2022, 7(2), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/condmat7020043 - 11 Jun 2022
Viewed by 1264
Abstract
High Precision X-ray Measurements 2021 is a Special Issue related to the HPXM2021 conference, held at the INFN Laboratories of Frascati in 2021 [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Precision X-ray Measurements 2021)

Research

Jump to: Editorial, Review

9 pages, 2407 KiB  
Article
Plasma-Generated X-ray Pulses: Betatron Radiation Opportunities at EuPRAXIA@SPARC_LAB
Condens. Matter 2022, 7(1), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/condmat7010023 - 24 Feb 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2244
Abstract
EuPRAXIA is a leading European project aimed at the development of a dedicated, ground-breaking, ultra-compact accelerator research infrastructure based on novel plasma acceleration concepts and laser technology and on the development of their users’ communities. Within this framework, the Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati [...] Read more.
EuPRAXIA is a leading European project aimed at the development of a dedicated, ground-breaking, ultra-compact accelerator research infrastructure based on novel plasma acceleration concepts and laser technology and on the development of their users’ communities. Within this framework, the Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati (LNF, INFN) will be equipped with a unique combination of an X-band RF LINAC generating high-brightness GeV-range electron beams, a 0.5 PW class laser system and the first fifth-generation free electron laser (FEL) source driven by a plasma-based accelerator, the EuPRAXIA@SPARC_LAB facility. Wiggler-like radiation emitted by electrons accelerated in plasma wakefields gives rise to brilliant, ultra-short X-ray pulses, called betatron radiation. Extensive studies have been performed at the FLAME laser facility at LNF, INFN, where betatron radiation was measured and characterized. The purpose of this paper is to describe the betatron spectrum emitted by particle wakefield acceleration at EuPRAXIA@SPARC_LAB and provide an overview of the foreseen applications of this specific source, thus helping to establish a future user community interested in (possibly coupled) FEL and betatron radiation experiments. In order to provide a quantitative estimate of the expected betatron spectrum and therefore to present suitable applications, we performed simple simulations to determine the spectrum of the betatron radiation emitted at EuPRAXIA@SPARC_LAB. With reference to experiments performed exploiting similar betatron sources, we highlight the opportunities offered by its brilliant femtosecond pulses for ultra-fast X-ray spectroscopy and imaging measurements, but also as an ancillary tool for designing and testing FEL instrumentation and experiments. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Precision X-ray Measurements 2021)
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11 pages, 1711 KiB  
Article
Benchmarking Plane Waves Quantum Mechanical Calculations of Iron(II) Tris(2,2′-bipyridine) Complex by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
Condens. Matter 2022, 7(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/condmat7010016 - 27 Jan 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2703
Abstract
In this work, we used, for the first time, a computational Self-Consistent Field procedure based on plane waves to describe the low and high spin conformational states of the complex [Fe(bpy)3]2+. The results obtained in the study of the minimum [...] Read more.
In this work, we used, for the first time, a computational Self-Consistent Field procedure based on plane waves to describe the low and high spin conformational states of the complex [Fe(bpy)3]2+. The results obtained in the study of the minimum energy