Cyclones, Hurricanes, Medicanes and Impacts

A special issue of Climate (ISSN 2225-1154).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2022) | Viewed by 2758

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Meteorology and Climatology, School of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University Campus, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Interests: climate variability; artificial neural networks; atmosphere; regional climate modeling; extreme events
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Guest Editor
National Observatory of Athens, Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development, 118 10 Athens, Greece
Interests: convective evolution of Mediterranean tropical-like cyclones

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Extreme and intense changes in atmospheric pressure, as well as general atmospheric circulations such as deep cyclones, hurricanes, and medicanes, all over the planet, have profound impacts on society, the environment, and ecosystems; in many cases, they may be responsible for numerous fatalities, injuries, and damages. Thus, the main purpose of the present Special Issue is to examine these extreme events, mainly focusing on the physical mechanisms responsible for their formation, on the climatology of these events, and their societal and environmental impacts. We will accept papers on extreme event analysis; forecasting and the application of new observational and forecasting methods; empirical studies; case studies; and modelling and projection studies for the future.

Dr. Konstantia Tolika
Dr. Kostas Lagouvardos
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • cyclones
  • hurricanes
  • medicanes
  • extremes
  • climate change
  • impacts

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

15 pages, 1751 KiB  
Article
Study of Turbulence Associated with the Faraji Cyclone
by Giuseppe Ciardullo, Leonardo Primavera, Fabrizio Ferrucci, Vincenzo Carbone and Fabio Lepreti
Climate 2022, 10(2), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli10020021 - 6 Feb 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2147
Abstract
The formation of a cyclonic region in which nonlinear interactions generate turbulence in the form of small-scale vortices can be observed because of the different rotating air masses. Turbulence dynamics in cyclones (specifically hurricanes) has been under-researched; therefore, assessing the shear term is [...] Read more.
The formation of a cyclonic region in which nonlinear interactions generate turbulence in the form of small-scale vortices can be observed because of the different rotating air masses. Turbulence dynamics in cyclones (specifically hurricanes) has been under-researched; therefore, assessing the shear term is crucial to identify the onset of cyclonic formation within a region of the atmosphere. Earth observation techniques are able to provide relevant information on this physical process. In this article, we propose a new framework that is useful for connecting the study of the dynamics of a cyclonic system with the observations generated by geostationary satellite facilities. In particular, we applied the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD), a technique widely used in turbulent analysis to decompose a generic scalar or vector field in empirical eigenfunction, to investigate a tropical cyclone, the Faraji hurricane, from a dynamic point of view, beginning from the temporal evolution of its temperature field. The latter was obtained by elaborating on data and images collected by the SEVIRI radiometer, installed on the Meteosat Second Generation-8 (IODC) satellite. Using the POD, the energy spectra of both the spatial and temporal components of the temperature field obtained through remote sensing techniques were studied separately. Important information was then extracted and used for an in-depth characterization of the properties of the turbulence in the non-linear evolution of this phenomenon. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyclones, Hurricanes, Medicanes and Impacts)
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