Diagnosis and Surgical Care of Pediatric Cancers

A special issue of Children (ISSN 2227-9067). This special issue belongs to the section "Pediatric Surgery".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 March 2024) | Viewed by 1270

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Pediatric Surgery and Urology, Institute of Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", 34137 Trieste, Italy
Interests: pediatric surgery; gastrointestinal surgery; minimally invasive surgery; congenital abnormalities; laparoscopic surgery; abdominal surgery

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Pediatric Surgery and Urology, Institute of Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", 34137 Trieste, Italy
Interests: endoscopic surgery; prenatal diagnostics and counselling; pulmonary malformation; short bowel; bacterial translocation
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Cancer is attested to be the second most prevalent cause of mortality among children aged 1 to 14 years, to date. Significant progresses have been observed in the field of diagnosis and treatment of pediatric cancers in recent decades. However, surgery remains a cornerstone of the management of pediatric cancers, whether performed at presentation or following neoadjuvant therapies. Notably, in recent years, new techniques have been incorporated into the armamentarium of surgeons dealing with pediatric cancer patients. In particular, laparoscopic- and robotic-assisted surgery have carved their space in the adult cancer population with evidence supporting less pain, shorter hospital stays, lower complications, and equivalent long-term survival and oncologic outcomes; and hopefully they may have a role in pediatric cancer surgery as well. In addition, the improvement in the quality imaging has allowed a three-dimensional visualization and printing to be incorporated into surgical practice, and fluorescence-guided surgery showed the advantage to distinguish anatomical or physiologic differences between cancer and normal tissue.

This Special Issue aims to discuss advances in diagnosis and surgical care of cancers in pediatric age. Colleagues and researchers are invited to submit their manuscripts.

We look forward to receiving your valuable contributions.

Dr. Alessandro Boscarelli
Dr. Jurgen Schleef
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Children is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • pediatric cancers
  • minimally invasive
  • cancer diagnosis
  • recent advances
  • pediatric surgery
  • children

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

12 pages, 2877 KiB  
Article
Surgery in Bilateral Wilms Tumor—A Single-Center Experience
by Fernanda Kelly Marques de Souza, Mayara Caroline Amorim Fanelli, Alexandre Alberto Barros Duarte, Maria Teresa de Seixas Alves, Henrique Manoel Lederman, Monica dos Santos Cypriano and Simone de Campos Vieira Abib
Children 2023, 10(11), 1790; https://doi.org/10.3390/children10111790 - 07 Nov 2023
Viewed by 930
Abstract
The treatment of bilateral Wilms tumors (BWT) involves curing the cancer, preserving long-term renal function, and maintaining a good quality of life. Established methods for achieving these goals include preoperative chemotherapy and nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). This study aimed to evaluate the experience of [...] Read more.
The treatment of bilateral Wilms tumors (BWT) involves curing the cancer, preserving long-term renal function, and maintaining a good quality of life. Established methods for achieving these goals include preoperative chemotherapy and nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). This study aimed to evaluate the experience of a single institution in treating patients with BWT. We analyzed cases of BWT treated at the Pediatric Oncology Institute—GRAACC—Federal University of São Paulo over a period of 35 years. Bleeding control was performed with manual compression of the renal parenchyma. Thirty-three patients were included in the study. Thirty cases were synchronous tumors. The mean age at diagnosis was 30.4 months (±22 m) and 66.7% were girls. The median follow-up period was 83 months. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was the primary approach in most patients (87.9%), with a simultaneous upfront surgical approach performed in 84.8%. Most patients underwent bilateral NSS (70.4%). There were no early complications in this series, but 39.4% had clinical complications. The five-year survival rate was 76%. Therefore, it is clear that the surgical approach to BWT plays a crucial role in achieving good outcomes. However, it is difficult to standardize surgical techniques and technology may have the potential to enhance safety. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diagnosis and Surgical Care of Pediatric Cancers)
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