Advances in Orthodontic Technology and Individualized Treatment Volume II

A special issue of Children (ISSN 2227-9067). This special issue belongs to the section "Pediatric Dentistry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (5 February 2024) | Viewed by 2732

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 157 72 Athens, Greece
Interests: biomechanics; orthodontic biomaterials; relapse; fixed retainers in orthodontics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 157 72 Athens, Greece
Interests: cranio-oro-facial development; genetics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In this Special Issue, we invite submissions exploring the latest advances in the field of orthodontic technology and individualized treatment. Particularly welcome are works that present current research methodologies regarding quantifiable biological parameters pertinent to orthodontic technology and case-sensitive treatment in children or adolescents. More specifically, we aim to include recent advances in genetic and biological mechanisms related to oro-dento-facial development, as well as links between dental genetics and overall health.

Additionally, we welcome manuscripts dealing with the design and application of biomaterials, as well as their interactions with the body. Contemporary “invisible” orthodontic appliances, such as clear aligners and lingual braces, are treatment options preferable to adults; however, several aspects need further investigation.

Dr. Iosif Sifakakis
Dr. Heleni Vastardis
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Children is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • orthodontics
  • genetic analysis
  • dentofacial development
  • somatic health
  • lingual aligners
  • biomaterials

Published Papers (2 papers)

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12 pages, 6073 KiB  
Article
Characteristics of Unilaterally Impacted Maxillary Canines and Effect on Environmental Tissues: A CBCT Study
by Ebru Kucukkaraca
Children 2023, 10(10), 1694; https://doi.org/10.3390/children10101694 - 16 Oct 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1197
Abstract
Background: The prognosis of orthodontic treatment for a patient with impacted canine teeth can be affected by many factors and understanding some of the characteristics of impacted teeth can increase the effectiveness and reduce the duration of treatment. This study aims to explore [...] Read more.
Background: The prognosis of orthodontic treatment for a patient with impacted canine teeth can be affected by many factors and understanding some of the characteristics of impacted teeth can increase the effectiveness and reduce the duration of treatment. This study aims to explore the effects of positions and dentoalveolar morphological characteristics of impacted maxillary canines on the prognosis of orthodontic treatment. Methods: In this study, forty-six adolescent individuals who applied for treatment of impacted teeth were divided into three groups: CC (no impacted maxillary canine group), BC (unilateral buccally positioned impacted maxillary canine group), and PC (unilateral palatally positioned impacted maxillary canine group). The impacted canine and adjacent teeth were evaluated in terms of position, angulation, inclination, mesiodistal and buccolingual widths, root length, dilaceration angle, and root resorption. Results: The mean values of U3 Ang (angulation of the maxillary impacted canine) and U3/U2 angles (maxillary impacted canine and lateral incisor angle) were statistically significantly higher in the BC and PC groups (p < 0.001). The mean values of U2 RL (lateral incisor root length) and U3 RD (canine root dilaceration angle) were statistically significantly lower in the BC and PC groups. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that shorter root lengths and increased angulation values may lead to the ectopic eruption of canines. The higher canine angulations in the PC group increase the degree of root resorption. Full article
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16 pages, 7451 KiB  
Review
Elastodontic Appliances for the Interception of Malocclusion in Children: A Systematic Narrative Hybrid Review
by Vincenzo Ronsivalle, Ludovica Nucci, Nicolò Bua, Giuseppe Palazzo and Salvatore La Rosa
Children 2023, 10(11), 1821; https://doi.org/10.3390/children10111821 - 17 Nov 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1115
Abstract
Background. Interceptive orthodontic treatment aims to eliminate factors that prevent the harmonious development of the maxillary and mandibular arches during childhood, and elastodontic appliances (EAs) represent a group of devices with an increasingly important role. This systematic narrative hybrid review (HR) aims to [...] Read more.
Background. Interceptive orthodontic treatment aims to eliminate factors that prevent the harmonious development of the maxillary and mandibular arches during childhood, and elastodontic appliances (EAs) represent a group of devices with an increasingly important role. This systematic narrative hybrid review (HR) aims to provide an overview of the clinical indications for the use of EAs according to the available evidence and to identify potential research areas for unexplored applications. Materials and methods. To assess the available literature on the subject, selective database searches were performed between July 2023 and September 2023. With the assistance of a health sciences librarian, a search strategy that utilized terms related to elastodontic therapy was developed. Embase, Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science were the databases used. Results. The current literature addressing the usability of EAs is scarce and mostly limited to case reports and case series. After 2168 citations were found through the searches, 13 studies were ultimately included. In this regard, information about the clinical use and effectiveness of EAs are reported in a narrative form, defining specific domains of the application that are clinically oriented, including sagittal and transversal discrepancies, atypical swallowing, teeth malposition, two-phase orthodontics and a lack of teeth retention. Conclusions. Within the intrinsic quality limitation of the available literature, it seems that EAs may represent a promising treatment alternative for managing mild-to-moderate malocclusion in children as an adjuvant therapy to the interruption of spoiled habits. Full article
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