Advances in Pediatric Rehabilitation Update

A special issue of Children (ISSN 2227-9067).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (25 December 2023) | Viewed by 792

Special Issue Editor

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Guest Editor
1. Department of Pediatric Surgery, Meyer Children’s Hospital, University of Florence, 50139 Florence, Italy
2. Department of Neuroscience, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health (NEUROFARBA), University of Florence, 50121 Florence, Italy
Interests: pediatric and neonatal surgery; intestinal failure
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue will be focused on pediatric rehabilitation, including all aspects of pediatric care and specialization. We understand that pediatric rehabilitation encompasses specialized training and interdisciplinary collaboration to care for children and adolescents with congenital or acquired disabilities. Pediatric rehabilitation comprises various conditions, from neurologic disorders to musculoskeletal abnormalities that affect average growth and development, to gastrointestinal diseases that affect nutrition, dental, bone and skin development. An understanding of growth and developmental patterns is essential. Causes of developmental dysfunction in motor and cognitive skills range from congenital and genetic abnormalities to acquired illnesses and injuries, to the neurologic and musculoskeletal systems. Causes of developmental problems in gastrointestinal anomalies also include congenital and acquired conditions.

Prof. Dr. Antonino Morabito
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Children is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • pediatric rehabilitation
  • gastrointestinal
  • nutrition
  • genetic disorders
  • developmental delay

Published Papers (1 paper)

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14 pages, 716 KiB  
Comparative Analysis of the GH/IGF-1 Axis during the First Sixth Months in Children with Low Birth Weight
by Luciana Pessoa Maciel Diniz, Taisy Cinthia Ferro Cavalcante and Amanda Alves Marcelino da Silva
Children 2023, 10(12), 1842; - 24 Nov 2023
Viewed by 576
Objective: To analyze the relation between alterations in the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) axis during the first 6 months of life and weight in children born in the lower-middle São Francisco region. Methods: This is an analytical cohort and exploratory. [...] Read more.
Objective: To analyze the relation between alterations in the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) axis during the first 6 months of life and weight in children born in the lower-middle São Francisco region. Methods: This is an analytical cohort and exploratory. Thirty children, were formed two groups, one of low birth weight children (LBW, n = 15) and another of normal weight (NBW = 15) were initially identified in a hospital and reapproached at 3 and 6 months of age. Birth weight and alterations in GH/IGF-1 curves were measured at birth and the third and sixth months of life. Results: Weight gain during the 6 months of follow-up in newborns with a low birth weight was greater compared to newborns with a normal birth weight. All children who were born with a low birth weight had an altered GH/IGF-1 curve at birth (p = 0.002). Most newborns with a low birth weight maintained the alteration in the GH/IGF-1 curve at the third month of life (p = 0.027). Regarding the GH/IGF-1 curve at the sixth month, alteration persisted in greater proportion among children with a low birth weight. Conclusions: Alterations in insulin resistance markers, demonstrated by increased GH without a proportional increase in IGF-1, were observed to be significant in children with a low birth weight with greater adiposity in this group which may increase the risk of metabolic diseases in later life. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Pediatric Rehabilitation Update)
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