Special Issue "Surfaces and Interfaces in Biocatalysis"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2023 | Viewed by 1567
Interests: electron spectroscopic methods; surface analyses; surfaces and interfaces; carbon nanomaterials; biomaterials
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In recent years, biocatalysis has been increasing in importance due to challenging possibilities not accessible by chemical synthesis—enantioselectivity, milder and green chemistry conditions, and minimized energy and waste. Therefore, biocatalysts, i.e., naturally occurring biological materials (e.g., enzyme-specific proteins), play a major role in the production of biobased and bioeconomic products. The biocatalyst, which decreases the activation energy in various biochemical reactions by binding a reactant (known as a substrate) to biocatalyst-active sites to form an activated complex, leading finally to a reaction product and realised biocatalyst, acts via different mechanisms, such as the destabilisation of bonds; conformational changes; the presence of acidic or basic groups affecting bond polarisation and reaction speed; electrostatic attractions stabilising the activated complex; and covalent bonding or cofactors lowering the transition state energy. Therefore, a surface and interface bioscience, where a biointerface corresponds to a region of contact between another biomolecule or inorganic/organic material, as an interdisciplinary field of chemistry, physics, biology, and engineering, has recently been revealed in numerous experimental and theoretical studies, This is extremely important for biology, biotechnology, food and cosmetics technology, and medicine, where it can be utilised in designing drugs, sensors and biomarkers for therapy, diagnosis, drug delivery, and cell targeting, etc.
This Special Issue is dedicated to the experimental and theoretical aspects of the science and technology of biocatalysis; bioprocesses; agricultural and medical biotechnology; the chemical and physical characterisation of biomaterials at the surface and interface; the description of the interactions of biomaterials at the interface; the description of mechanisms and processes at the surface and interface; techniques of qualitative and quantitative characterisation of the surface and interface of biomaterials; theoretical modelling of the biointerface; methods of surface biofunctionalisation/biomodification; and methods of attaching biomaterials with molecular precision.
Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Biomaterial functionalisation and modification;
- Biomaterial interactions;
- Biomaterial surface–interface characterisation;
- Methods of biomaterial surface–interface characterisation;
- Biomaterial modelling.
Dr. hab. B. Lesiak-Orłowska
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