Development of Novel Catalysts for Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis

A special issue of Catalysts (ISSN 2073-4344). This special issue belongs to the section "Catalytic Reaction Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2023) | Viewed by 4440

Special Issue Editors


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Department of Chemical and Biotechnological Engineering, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada
Interests: heterogeneous catalysis; turquoise and blue hydrogen; energy transition; economic and environmental models; gas-to-liquids; distillation
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Department of Chemical and Biotechnological Engineering, Université de Sherbrooke, GRTPC&P, 2500 Boulevard de l’Université, Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada
Interests: heterogeneous catalysis; catalytic reactors; catalytic reaction engineering; processes; particulate systems; pharmaceutical engineering
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Polytechnique Montreal, Department Chemical Engineering, CP 6079, Succ CV, Montreal, QC H3C 3A7, Canada
Interests: chemical engineering; reaction fundamentals and reactor design; heat transfer; combustion modelling; simulation; petroleum-based and fossil fuels; kinetics and mechanisms of reactions; catalysis

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Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5A9, Canada
Interests: hydro-deoxygenation; hydrogenolysis; hydrogenation; biomass; esterification and transesterification; pyrolysis; gasification; hydrothermal treatment; Fischer-Tropsch synthesis; hydroprocessing
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We are pleased to invite you to contribute to a Special Issue dedicated to advances in catalyst synthesis for the Fischer–Tropsch (FT) reaction. FT converts syngas (a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen) to hydrocarbons and water. This century old reaction remains a hot research topic and continues to be exploited commercially to produce waxes, lubricants and fuel from natural gas, biomass, coal, landfill gas, and biogas. The latter applications have been spawned by a great awareness and attention to the environment and the contribution of methane to global warming. New catalysts improve the selectivity towards light hydrocarbons and in silico techniques better characterize the micro kinetics to establish a scientific rational to improve catalyst design.

We welcome in this Special Issue both theoretical and experimental original manuscripts that report new research on FT catalysts. FT application, process design and technoeconomics.

Dr. Federico Galli
Prof. Dr. Nicolas Abatzoglou
Prof. Dr. Gregory Patience
Prof. Dr. Ajay K. Dalai
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Catalysts is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Fischer–Tropsch synthesis
  • Catalysis
  • Iron
  • Cobalt
  • Ruthenium
  • Support interaction
  • Promoters
  • Selectivity—Anderson–Schulz–Flory (ASF) distribution
  • Fixed bed
  • Fluidized bed
  • Coke formation
  • Activation
  • CFD
  • Deactivation
  • DFT

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

22 pages, 4742 KiB  
Article
Effects of Potassium Loading over Iron–Silica Interaction, Phase Evolution and Catalytic Behavior of Precipitated Iron-Based Catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis
by Hai Chang, Quan Lin, Meng Cheng, Kui Zhang, Bo Feng, Jiachun Chai, Yijun Lv and Zhuowu Men
Catalysts 2022, 12(8), 916; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal12080916 - 19 Aug 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 2371
Abstract
Potassium (K) promoter and its loading contents were shown to have remarkable effects on the Fe–O–Si interaction of precipitated Fe/Cu/K/SiO2 catalysts for low-temperature Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS). With the increase in K content from 2.3% (100 g Fe based) up to 7% in [...] Read more.
Potassium (K) promoter and its loading contents were shown to have remarkable effects on the Fe–O–Si interaction of precipitated Fe/Cu/K/SiO2 catalysts for low-temperature Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS). With the increase in K content from 2.3% (100 g Fe based) up to 7% in the calcined precursors, Fe–O–Si interaction was weakened, as reflected by ATR/FTIR, H2-TPR and XPS investigations. XRD results confirmed that the diffraction peak intensity from (510) facet of χ-Fe5C2 phase strengthened with increasing K loading, which indicates the crystallite size of χ-Fe5C2 increased with the increase in K contents either during the syngas reduction/carburization procedure or after FTS reaction. H2-TPH results indicated that more reactive surface carbon (alpha-carbon) was obtained over the higher K samples pre-carburized by syngas. Raman spectra illustrated that a greater proportion of graphitic carbon was accumulated over the surface of spent samples with higher K loading. At the same time, ATR-FTIR, XRD and Mössbauer spectra (MES) characterization results showed that a relatively higher level of bulk phase Fayalite (Fe2SiO4) species was observed discernibly in the lowest K loading sample (2.3 K%) in this work. The catalytic evaluation results showed that the CO conversion, CO2 selectivity and O/P (C2–C4) ratio increased progressively with the increasing K loading, whereas a monotonic decline in both CO conversion and O/P (C2–C4) ratio was observed on the highest K loading sample during c.a. 280 h of TOS. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development of Novel Catalysts for Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis)
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11 pages, 2992 KiB  
Article
The Effect of Chlorine Modification of Precipitated Iron Catalysts on Their Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis Properties
by Weizhen Li, Xuebing Zhang, Tao Wang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Linlin Wei, Quan Lin, Yijun Lv and Zhuowu Men
Catalysts 2022, 12(8), 812; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal12080812 - 24 Jul 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1406
Abstract
Precipitated iron Fischer–Tropsch synthesis catalysts impregnated with chlorine were prepared and their Fischer–Tropsch synthesis performances were tested in a 1 L stirred tank reactor. The results showed that the chlorine modification had a significant influence on the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis performance of the precipitated [...] Read more.
Precipitated iron Fischer–Tropsch synthesis catalysts impregnated with chlorine were prepared and their Fischer–Tropsch synthesis performances were tested in a 1 L stirred tank reactor. The results showed that the chlorine modification had a significant influence on the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis performance of the precipitated iron catalyst. Compared with the catalyst without the chlorine modification, the catalyst containing about 0.1 wt% chlorine was deactivated by about 40% and the catalyst containing about 1 wt% chlorine was deactivated by about 65%. The textural properties, phase, reduction properties, and chlorine adsorption state of the catalysts before and after the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis were characterized. The strong interaction between chlorine and iron in the catalyst hindered the reduction and carbonization of the catalyst, which was the reason for the deactivation of the catalyst caused by the chlorine modification. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development of Novel Catalysts for Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis)
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