Research on the Construction Mechanical Behavior and Deformation Characteristics of Lining Structure

A special issue of Buildings (ISSN 2075-5309). This special issue belongs to the section "Building Structures".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 February 2024) | Viewed by 4044

Special Issue Editors

School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
Interests: tunnel and underground engineering; construction mechanics of large and complex underground structures; research and development of underground engineering construction machinery and equipment; selection and intelligent control of tunnel construction equipment in extreme environments; application of renewable fiber materials in concrete lining structures
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Xihua University, Chengdu 610039, China
Interests: structure system and deformation control of tunnels in complex and unfavorable geological environments with weak surrounding rocks; foundation pit support structures
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Lining is a permanent support structure constructed with reinforced concrete and other materials around the tunnel body to prevent deformation or collapse of the surrounding rock.

With the huge demand for transportation, the rapid development of tunnel and corresponding underground engineering construction technology, and some tunnels that have already been put into operation have entered the life cycle of closure and repair. As a support structure, lining has been confirmed to play an important role in ensuring engineering construction, operation, and maintenance.

This special issue encourages all professionals, researchers, managers, and planners engaged in the construction, operation, and maintenance of civil engineering, tunnels, and corresponding underground engineering to share their project.

Dr. Heng Zhang
Dr. Huayun Li
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Buildings is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Related Special Issue

Published Papers (5 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

36 pages, 28029 KiB  
Article
Investigation into the Bearing Capacity and Mechanics Behavior of the Diaphragm Connection Form of a Utility Tunnel
by Yongxing Dai, Yi Zeng, Bolun Shi and Hongbo Li
Buildings 2024, 14(3), 695; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings14030695 - 05 Mar 2024
Viewed by 379
Abstract
To investigate the impact of various compartment partition plate connection methods within a shield utility tunnel on the mechanics behavior of the connecting nodes and the overall structural integrity, this study examines and simulates three distinct connection approaches in a laboratory. These approaches [...] Read more.
To investigate the impact of various compartment partition plate connection methods within a shield utility tunnel on the mechanics behavior of the connecting nodes and the overall structural integrity, this study examines and simulates three distinct connection approaches in a laboratory. These approaches include a steel corbel and rear expansion anchor bolt connection, an embedded part and steel corbel welding connection, and a reinforced concrete corbel connection. The objective in selecting the above three connection methods was to gain insights into how they influence the mechanical properties of the connections and the tunnel structure itself. The failure criteria of the structure dictate that neither the steel bar nor the steel plate should exceed their respective yield strength. Furthermore, the concrete damage zone surrounding the anchor should not exhibit any connectivity. The findings of our study indicate that: (1) The weak link in the steel truss-rear expansion anchor bolt connection scheme is centered within the connection section. With six rear expansion anchor bolts, the load capacity reached 180 kN. Conversely, when employing nine rear expansion anchor bolts, the reduced spacing between the bolts led to premature concrete breakage, decreasing the bearing capacity to 170 kN. (2) Arranging the six anchor bolts into two rows and three columns enhanced the load-bearing capacity, yet one must be cautious to prevent damage from incorrect bolt spacing. According to the conditions outlined in this study, the ideal bolt spacing fell within the range from 66.7 mm to 100 mm. Additionally, it is worth noting that the bolt deformation was concentrated within 5 cm and 6 cm around the bolt. (3) The connection scheme of the embedded part and steel corbel demonstrated impressive load-bearing capabilities, showing the ability to withstand a load of 220 kN within the elastic stage. Notably, the deformation of the anchor bar was concentrated primarily within a 5 cm radius around the corbel. (4) In the reinforced concrete corbel connection scheme, the load-bearing capacity reached 240 kN. The key factor influencing this capacity was the presence of cracks. Initially, these cracks appeared symmetrically on both sides of the corbel, and gradually extended to the width and height of the corbel structure. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

32 pages, 19789 KiB  
Article
Characterization of Shear Damage and Channel Reinforcement of Circumferential Joints between Shield Tunneling Segments Based on Numerical Simulation
by Hang Su, Tao Deng, Zengquan Yang, Jianpeng Qin and Lu Zheng
Buildings 2024, 14(2), 540; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings14020540 - 18 Feb 2024
Viewed by 600
Abstract
Shield misalignment is a common problem in shield tunnels, which seriously affects the safety and durability of tunnels. However, at present, there is a lack of research on the influence of shield misalignment on the shear capacity of the circumferential joint structure, and [...] Read more.
Shield misalignment is a common problem in shield tunnels, which seriously affects the safety and durability of tunnels. However, at present, there is a lack of research on the influence of shield misalignment on the shear capacity of the circumferential joint structure, and the failure mechanism of the circumferential joint structure before and after reinforcement is not clear. Therefore, this paper simulates the influence of misalignment on the performance mechanism of segmented circumferential connection and the effect of channel reinforcement on the ABAQUS platform. The simulation results are compared with the full-scale test results, and the results show that the shear failure process of the circumferential joint can be divided into three stages under the condition of no reinforcement. In the first stage, the vertical load increases, but the misalignment between the shield tunneling sections is very small. In the second stage, the load almost does not increase, but the degree of misalignment increases. In the third stage, the load–displacement relationship is nonlinear, indicating that the bending bolt has been sheared. Under the condition of unreinforced, the bolt will form two plastic hinges when it fails. After reinforcing the channel, the removal of the bolt forms only one plastic hinge. After channel steel reinforcement, the boundary area between the channel steel web and the steel plate first reaches the ultimate tensile strength of the steel plate, and the failure mode becomes channel steel reinforcement failure. Under the same shear load, the misalignment of the circumferential joint reinforced with channel steel is reduced. In this paper, the misalignment relationship of shear load and the yield of the bending bolt obtained through numerical calculation is consistent with the conclusion of the full-scale test. However, the circumferential connection misalignment obtained via numerical calculation is relatively small. The yield position of the bending bolt is also in good agreement with the test results, and the bolt strain obtained through the test is relatively small. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

23 pages, 12207 KiB  
Article
Numerical Simulation of Mechanical Characteristics and Safety Performance for Pre-Cracked Tunnel Lining with the Extended Finite Element Method
by Xin Lu, Yong Liu, Xiaolong Hou, Cai Chen and Ruidan Gao
Buildings 2024, 14(1), 123; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings14010123 - 02 Jan 2024
Viewed by 676
Abstract
The service performance of tunnel lining is affected by crack properties and development states. In this paper, numerical simulation models were established to investigate the mechanics characteristics and safety performance for lining structures under different cracks based on the extended finite element method [...] Read more.
The service performance of tunnel lining is affected by crack properties and development states. In this paper, numerical simulation models were established to investigate the mechanics characteristics and safety performance for lining structures under different cracks based on the extended finite element method (XFEM). Analyze multiple quantitative factors in simulation, including changes in crack location, crack length, and crack distribution range in the lining structure. The axial force and bending moment of the preset cracks in the lining structures were first studied. The maximum safety factor attenuation rate (Dkmax) was proposed to analyze the impact of longitudinal and annular cracks on the safety performance. The axial force at the vault of the lining arch is the most significantly affected by the combined longitudinal cracks at multiple locations. When the length of a longitudinal crack increases from 1 m to 6 m, the axial force value at the crack point decreases by 33.77%, 36.15%, and 11.32%. However, the bending moment value increases by 4.47 times, 2.50 times, and 1.69 times. Under the influence of longitudinal cracks in an “arch crown + arch shoulder”, “arch crown + arch waist”, and “arch crown + arch shoulder + arch waist”, the axial force in the arch vault increased by 21.55%, decreased by 17.52%, and decreased by 13.45%. The distribution pattern of the bending moment under the influence of circumferential cracks shows convexity at the arch shoulder and arch foot, and concavity at the arch waist and side walls. The safety factor scatter curve with longitudinal cracks shows a gradual transition from a “W” shape to a “U” shape. The safety factor curve with circumferential cracks presents an approximately symmetrical wave-shaped distribution. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

21 pages, 10477 KiB  
Article
Mechanical Performance of Concrete Segment Lining Structure of Shield Tunneling in Different Strata
by Hui Hu, Tao Xue, Jianjun Li, Peisi Liu, Bo Wang and Yun Liu
Buildings 2023, 13(12), 3118; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings13123118 - 15 Dec 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 557
Abstract
There are many problems in the development of urban space in China. Among them, urban tunnels generally pass through many sections with very complicated geological conditions, and the construction will encounter great difficulties, so the mechanical behavior of shield segments in different complex [...] Read more.
There are many problems in the development of urban space in China. Among them, urban tunnels generally pass through many sections with very complicated geological conditions, and the construction will encounter great difficulties, so the mechanical behavior of shield segments in different complex strata is worth discussing. In this paper, the axial force, bending moment and pore water pressure of shield tunnel segments in the soft and hard uneven stratum, clay stratum and fully weathered granite stratum of overlying buildings are studied by establishing a rectangular element mechanical model based on the field test method. The analysis shows that the mechanical properties of shield tunnels in different strata are quite different, but their mechanical properties change stages are the same. The earth pressure on the left and right sides of the test ring is asymmetric in the soft and hard uneven stratum, and the vault pressure is much greater than the vault bottom pressure. The distribution of earth pressure in each position of the segment ring in clay stratum is relatively balanced, and the earth pressure on both sides is relatively small; in the fully weathered granite layer of the overlying building, the segment ring of the test ring is subjected to greater additional stress, and the internal force of the segment is much greater than that without the overlying building. Exploring the similarities and differences of segment stress in these three complex strata can provide an important basis for the design and construction of shield segments in complex strata. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

27 pages, 21442 KiB  
Article
The Optimization of Waterproof and Drainage Design and an Evaluation of the Structural Safety of Tunnels in Weak Watery Strata
by Zelin Zhou, Xingyu Zhu, Chuantian Zheng, Zhiqiang Zhang and Heng Zhang
Buildings 2023, 13(10), 2499; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings13102499 - 30 Sep 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 723
Abstract
The surrounding rock and high water pressure in weak watery strata have adverse effects on the mechanical properties of tunnel support structures. In order to optimize the anti-drainage design of tunnels in weak watery strata and evaluate their structural safety, this paper relies [...] Read more.
The surrounding rock and high water pressure in weak watery strata have adverse effects on the mechanical properties of tunnel support structures. In order to optimize the anti-drainage design of tunnels in weak watery strata and evaluate their structural safety, this paper relies on the Taidacun Tunnel of the China–Laos Railway to carry out field monitoring research. A dual-field fluid–solid coupling calculation model is established to optimize the tunnel’s waterproof and drainage design, combined with a bending moment curvature model to evaluate structural safety. The main conclusions are as follows: Under the action of high water and soil pressure, the structural safety margin of the water-rich fine sand section of the Taidacun Tunnel is small, and waterproof and drainage design optimization is required. Combined with the proposed average pressure reduction coefficient, the influence of the water level and annular blind pipe spacing on the water pressure of the lining is proved, and then the optimal annular blind pipe spacing in the water-rich area of the tunnel is determined. A structural safety evaluation method based on the bending moment curvature model is proposed. Two models of elastic beam and moment–curvature beam are used to analyze the mechanical characteristics and optimization effects of the structure under optimal annular blind pipe spacing. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop