Biomechanics in Sport, Exercise and Performance

A special issue of Biomechanics (ISSN 2673-7078). This special issue belongs to the section "Sports Biomechanics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 February 2025 | Viewed by 851

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Physical Education, Sport and Movement, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC 3086, Australia
Interests: physical education; youth sport; kinetics; running; cycling; swimming

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Guest Editor
Department of Sport, Exercise, Recreation, & Kinesiology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
Interests: sport science; fatigue; resistance training; athlete monitoring

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Guest Editor
Institute of Health and Wellbeing, Federation University, Ballarat, VIC 3350, Australia
Interests: biomechanics and sports performance

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue seeks submissions that explore the roles that biomechanics plays in sport, exercise and performance, with a particular focus on youth sports. Efficient and effective biomechanics can help improve performance and ability in younger-aged athletes while enhancing skills via rigorous biomechanical and performance analysis techniques.

Youth sports may be defined by the age of the athletes that participate in sport. Based on this approach, youth sports have been considered as the participation in sports by individuals approximately 18 years of age or younger.

Understanding the biomechanics of youth sports is important because it can provide insights into how to improve their technique and training methods and develop new training methods that can help them perform at their best. In addition to helping young athletes improve their performance, biomechanics can also play a critical role in reducing the risk of injury. By understanding the biomechanical factors that contribute to both sports injuries and performance, such as overuse or poor technique, coaches and trainers can develop injury prevention and performance enhancement strategies that are tailored to the specific age and maturation status of the athlete.

Dr. Stuart Evans
Dr. Kevin M. Carroll
Dr. Ryan Worn
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Biomechanics is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • physical education
  • kinetics
  • kinematics
  • injury risk

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

13 pages, 1202 KiB  
Article
Comparing the Effects of an Off-Ice Sprint-Change of Direction Task on Trunk Kinematics and Gait Laterality in Collegiate Ice Hockey Players
by Stuart Evans and Sam Gleadhill
Biomechanics 2024, 4(2), 296-308; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomechanics4020019 - 19 May 2024
Viewed by 677
Abstract
Laterality preferences are intrinsic in most physical activities, and ice hockey is one domain wherein these preferences might influence performance. Biomechanical laterality between dominant and nondominant (or preferred and nonpreferred) limbs is believed to be an advantageous attribute that is linked with skilled [...] Read more.
Laterality preferences are intrinsic in most physical activities, and ice hockey is one domain wherein these preferences might influence performance. Biomechanical laterality between dominant and nondominant (or preferred and nonpreferred) limbs is believed to be an advantageous attribute that is linked with skilled performance. Yet little is known about the implications of motor asymmetries for skilled performers in dynamic, time-constrained, team-based activities in an off-ice environment. This can be extended to when player position is considered, notably for those playing in a defensive or an offensive position. In this study, fourteen semi-professional collegiate male ice hockey players (age: 21.87 ± 2.98 years; BMI: 25.26 ± 3.21 kg/m) performed a randomized repeated 15 m sprint-change of direction task. Assessments of lower limb laterality were carried out as participants commenced the 15 m sprint change of direction task in both a right and left foot rear setback position. Biomechanical laterality between right and left rear foot setback positions was inferred by an ActiGraph GTx3 triaxial accelerometer that was located on the participants’ spinous process, representing the trunk centre of mass (CoM). Overall, ANOVA results indicated significant differences across all sprint split times between the right and left foot rear setback positions, with times significantly quicker when players commenced in a right rear foot setback position (p < 0.001). ANOVA revealed significant differences in trunk CoM acceleration between in a right and left rear setback position, specifically during the initial 0–10 m sprint split, with offensive players observed to have lesser trunk anteroposterior and vertical CoM acceleration (p = 0.05) and during the final 5 m sprint split (p = 0.002, d = 0.7), despite overall smaller effect sizes seen in the left foot rear setback position. It appears that starting with the foot in a right rear setback position results in quicker 15 m performance times and concurrent lower magnitudes of trunk CoM acceleration. Although we demonstrated that offensive players were quicker and displayed less trunk CoM acceleration, we recommend that future studies use a greater number of participants for inter-limb symmetry in these movement tests. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomechanics in Sport, Exercise and Performance)
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