Feature Papers in 'Conservation Biology and Biodiversity'

A special issue of Biology (ISSN 2079-7737). This special issue belongs to the section "Conservation Biology and Biodiversity".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 11 July 2024 | Viewed by 1805

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Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
Interests: animal population genomics; conservation genetics; phylogeography
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The anthropogenic destruction of biodiversity has been ongoing for centuries or even millennia in many areas of the Old World, but it has never been more intense than it was in the past century. The development of increasingly energy-intensive human populations, the expansion of cultivated plants and domestic animals, the diffusion of alien and invasive species, and the impacts of technologies are accelerating transformative processes of natural ecosystems at an unprecedented and uncontrollable rate. It is very important to make the theoretical and practical tools of conservation sciences available for the protection of the biosphere so that the biological evolution of populations can continue, generating new adaptations and contrasting extinctions.

Research on conservation biology is at the heights of its activity, boosted by unprecedented possibilities of collecting and modelling big data in the ecology of ecosystems and populations, population genomics, as well as microevolution and co-adaptation processes between components of the biosphere and the technosphere. We can now manage international institutions and regulatory instruments, as well as potential financial resources, though they are often inadequate for the implementation of conservation projects in the "Real World" of biodiversity. Therefore, we invite anyone interested to contribute their papers to the realization of the special issue in 'Conservation Biology and Biodiversity'.

Prof. Dr. Ettore Randi
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • population genomics and diversity
  • heterozygosity
  • inbreeding
  • hybridization
  • adaptive introgression
  • natural selection
  • speciation
  • bottleneck and population fragmentation
  • genetic drift
  • gene flow
  • extinction risk
  • evolvability
  • paleogenomics
  • phylogeography
  • conservation units
  • ecotypes
  • phylogenetics and systematics
  • eDNA
  • non-invasive genetic sampling
  • environmental monitoring

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

18 pages, 1175 KiB  
Article
eDNA Metabarcoding- and Microscopic Analysis for Diet Determination in Waterfowl, a Comparative Study in Vejlerne, Denmark
by Anna-Sofie Lützhøft Svendsen, Louise Bach Nielsen, Jakob Braüner Schmidt, Dan Bruhn, Line Holm Andersen and Cino Pertoldi
Biology 2023, 12(9), 1272; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology12091272 - 21 Sep 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1213
Abstract
Understanding diets and structural food webs are keys to the apprehension of ecological communities, upon which conservation and management biology are based. The understanding of grazing and habitat choice for waterfowl is one of the most important topics for avian ecologists today and [...] Read more.
Understanding diets and structural food webs are keys to the apprehension of ecological communities, upon which conservation and management biology are based. The understanding of grazing and habitat choice for waterfowl is one of the most important topics for avian ecologists today and can, to some degree, be answered by dietary analysis. Droppings collected from four waterfowl, the Eurasian wigeon (Anas penelope), Greylag goose (Anser anser), pink-footed goose (Anser brachyrhynchus) and Barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis) in Vejlerne (Denmark), were analysed microscopically and through eDNA metabarcoding with the use of next generation sequencing (NGS) to accumulate knowledge about the diet of these waterfowl. In total, 120 dropping samples were microscopically analysed, of which the eDNA metabarcoding analysis was done on 79 samples. The prey items were identified according to the taxonomic level of species, and a qualitative method, frequency of occurrence (FO) and FO calculated as a percentage, was used in order to compare the results from the two methods. As neither of the methods was able to encompass all species discovered when combining the two methods, it was concluded in this study that the two methods can support each other in a dietary analysis of waterfowl, but not replace one another. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in 'Conservation Biology and Biodiversity')
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