Biomaterials in Dental Applications

A special issue of Bioengineering (ISSN 2306-5354). This special issue belongs to the section "Biomedical Engineering and Biomaterials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2024 | Viewed by 2645

Special Issue Editors

Department of Clinical Sciences and Stomatology (DISCO), Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60126 Ancona, Italy
Interests: restorative dentistry; bleaching agents; dental biomaterials; preventive dentistry; adhesive dentistry; fixed prosthodontics; endodontics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Department of Clinical Sciences and Stomatology, Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60126 Ancona, Italy
Interests: dental biomaterials; fixed prosthodontics; restorative dentistry; endodontics; adhesive dentistry; minimally invasive dentistry; virtual and augmented reality; stem cells
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Department of Clinical Sciences and Stomatology (DISCO), Polytechnic University of Marche, 60126 Ancona, Italy
Interests: morphology of dental tissues; restorative and esthetic dentistry; biomaterials; electron microscopy; immunohistochemistry; regenerative dentistry; nanotechnology; stem cells; randomized clinical trial
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent decades, nanoscience and nanotechnology have become particularly important technologies in global medicine, representing the core of recent advances in dentistry. Indeed, one of the goals of modern dentistry is to perform minimally invasive procedures, and excellent results are achieved thanks to the application of new biomaterials with optimal chemo-mechanical characteristics based on implemented features of bioengineering; this enables simplification and improvement of the quality of procedures, resulting in predictable and satisfactory results for both the dentist and the patient. Traumatic injuries and external harmful agents jeopardize tooth integrity. Periodontal disease and carious lesions are the main causes of pathologies affecting dental hard tissues, the reparative capability of which is often insufficient to entirely restore the damaged tissues. For this reason, the prevention of tooth decay and the early treatment of lesions and cavities are priorities for clinicians. Nanomaterial-based design can mimic some of the mechanical and structural properties of native tissues and can promote biointegration. In this light, there has been increasing advancement in the development of biomaterials for different applications in all disciplines of dentistry and research. Therefore, this Special Issue, “Biomaterials in Dental Applications”, will focus on new biomaterials and techniques in all disciplines of Dentistry and their capability to improve dental health. We welcome submissions of original research articles, reviews and new dental techniques. 

Dr. Vincenzo Tosco
Dr. Riccardo Monterubbianesi
Dr. Giovanna Orsini
Dr. Alessandra Amato
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • biomaterial
  • nanotechnology
  • tissue engineering
  • dental caries
  • tooth wear
  • dental care
  • dental techniques
  • fixed prosthodontics
  • dental materials
  • scaffolds
  • stem cells

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

13 pages, 2045 KiB  
Article
Impact of Particle Size on the Setting Behavior of Tricalcium Silicate: A Comparative Study Using ISO 6876 Indentation Testing and Isothermal Induction Calorimetry
Bioengineering 2024, 11(1), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering11010036 - 28 Dec 2023
Viewed by 651
Abstract
This study examines the impact of particle size on the setting behavior of tricalcium silicate powders. The setting behavior was evaluated using ISO 6876 indentation testing and isothermal induction calorimetry techniques. The objective was to compare the outcomes obtained from these methods and [...] Read more.
This study examines the impact of particle size on the setting behavior of tricalcium silicate powders. The setting behavior was evaluated using ISO 6876 indentation testing and isothermal induction calorimetry techniques. The objective was to compare the outcomes obtained from these methods and establish a correlation between particle size and setting characteristics. The cement pastes were manually mixed with a water-to-solid ratio of 0.66 for conducting indentation tests according to ISO 6876, while calorimetry measurements were performed using isothermal (conduction) calorimetry at room temperature. The findings demonstrate a significant influence of smaller particle sizes on accelerating the hydration process of cement pastes, resulting in a reduction of setting time by up to 24%. Moreover, the final setting times obtained through the indentation method closely approximate the inflection points of the acceleration curves acquired by calorimetry, with time deviations of less than 12% regardless of particle size. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomaterials in Dental Applications)
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13 pages, 3134 KiB  
Article
Assessment of the Remineralizing Potential of Biomimetic Materials on Early Artificial Caries Lesions after 28 Days: An In Vitro Study
Bioengineering 2023, 10(4), 462; https://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering10040462 - 11 Apr 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1429
Abstract
This study aimed to evaluate the loss of mineral content in the enamel surface in early artificial lesions and to assess the remineralizing potential of different agents by means of SEM coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). The analysis was performed on the [...] Read more.
This study aimed to evaluate the loss of mineral content in the enamel surface in early artificial lesions and to assess the remineralizing potential of different agents by means of SEM coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). The analysis was performed on the enamel of 36 molars divided into six equal groups, in which the experimental ones (3–6) were treated using remineralizing agents for a 28-day pH cycling protocol as follows: Group 1, sound enamel; Group 2, artificially demineralized enamel; Group 3, CPP-ACP treatment; Group 4, Zn-hydroxyapatite treatment; Group 5, NaF 5% treatment; and Group 6, F-ACP treatment. Surface morphologies and alterations in Ca/P ratio were evaluated using SEM-EDX and data underwent statistical analysis (p < 0.05). Compared with the sound enamel of Group 1, the SEM images of Group 2 clearly showed loss of integrity, minerals, and interprismatic substances. Groups 3–6 showed a structural reorganization of enamel prisms, interestingly comprising almost the entire enamel surface. Group 2 revealed highly significant differences of Ca/P ratios compared with other groups, while Groups 3–6 showed no differences with Group 1. In conclusion, all tested materials demonstrated a biomimetic ability in remineralizing lesions after 28 days of treatment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomaterials in Dental Applications)
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