Advanced Electrode Materials for High-Performance Sodium-Ion Batteries

A special issue of Batteries (ISSN 2313-0105). This special issue belongs to the section "Battery Materials and Interfaces: Anode, Cathode, Separators and Electrolytes or Others".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 June 2024 | Viewed by 14242

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Green Catalysis Center, College of Chemistry, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
Interests: sodium-ion batteries; separators; interphases and interfaces; cathode materials; anode materials; energy storage materials
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Guest Editor
School of Energy and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
Interests: energy storage material; electrochemistry; sodium-ion battery; solid-state battery

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Guest Editor
College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Engineering Research Center of Organosilicon Compounds & Materials of Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
Interests: sodium-ion batteries; lithium metal anodes; electrolytes

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Grid-scale energy storage systems with low cost and high performance are needed to meet the requirements of sustainable energy systems. Sodium-ion batteries have attracted great attention in recent years due to their low cost, wide abundance of sodium resources, and similar chemical/electrochemical properties to well-established lithium-ion batteries. The past decade has witnessed the renaissance and rapid development of sodium-ion batteries. Additionally, tremendous efforts have been made to explore different components such as cathode materials, anode materials, and electrolytes for sodium-ion batteries, and their chemical and electrochemical properties have been comprehensively investigated by various experimental techniques and computational methods.

Though significant advances have been achieved, further improvements are still required in terms of energy/power density and long cyclic stability for commercialization of sodium-ion batteries. With the growing interest from both academic and industrial battery communities, we believe more inspiring work will emerge to facilitate the commercialization of sodium-ion batteries with a low cost and long life span for large-scale energy storage applications in the future.

Despite recent advances in sodium-ion battery technology, discoveries and further improvements are still required. In this Special Issue, we are looking for contributions about advanced electrode materials and electrolytes for sodium-ion batteries. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to: high-energy electrode materials, advanced electrolytes and salts, aqueous sodium-ion batteries, battery design and commercialization, battery failure mechanisms, electrochemical performance enhancement, mechanism study, interfaces and interphases study, binders, sodium anodes, and computational methods. We also encourage the submission of reviews and perspectives on the development of sodium-ion batteries.

Prof. Dr. Weihua Chen
Prof. Dr. Mingzhe Chen
Prof. Dr. Yongjin Fang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

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15 pages, 3063 KiB  
Article
Pure and (Sn or Mg) Doped GeFe2O4 as Anodes for Sodium-Ion Batteries
by Marco Ambrosetti, Irene Quinzeni, Alessandro Girella, Vittorio Berbenni, Benedetta Albini, Pietro Galinetto, Michela Sturini and Marcella Bini
Batteries 2024, 10(4), 134; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries10040134 - 17 Apr 2024
Viewed by 355
Abstract
GeFe2O4 (GFO) is a germanium mineral whose spinel crystal structure determines its interesting functional properties. Recently, it was proposed for application as an anode for Sodium and Lithium-Ion Batteries (SIBs and LIBs) thanks to its combined conversion and alloying electrochemical [...] Read more.
GeFe2O4 (GFO) is a germanium mineral whose spinel crystal structure determines its interesting functional properties. Recently, it was proposed for application as an anode for Sodium and Lithium-Ion Batteries (SIBs and LIBs) thanks to its combined conversion and alloying electrochemical mechanism. However, its entire potential is limited by the poor electronic conductivity and volumetric expansion during cycling. In the present paper, pure and Sn or Mg doped GFO samples obtained from mechano-chemical solid-state synthesis and properly carbon coated were structurally and electrochemically characterized and proposed, for the first time, as anodes for SIBs. The spinel cubic structure of pure GFO is maintained in doped samples. The expected redox processes, involving Fe and Ge ions, are evidenced in the electrochemical tests. The Sn doping demonstrated a beneficial effect on the long-term cycling (providing 150 mAh/g at 0.2 C after 120 cycles) and on the capacity values (346 mAh/g at 0.2 C with respect to 300 mAh/g of the pure one), while the Mg substitution was less effective. Full article
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13 pages, 4193 KiB  
Article
Improvement on the Use of Se@C in Batteries by Synergistic Effect of Nano-Confinement and C-Se Bond
by Lijun Wu, Shoujie Guo, Hongwei Yue, Hao Li, Wei Li, Chuan Yao, Pinjiang Li, Wenjun Fa, Burong Song, Kai Li, Bitao Zhou, Qian Yu, Yunjun Xu, Changchun Yang, Zhi Zheng and Yuanhao Gao
Batteries 2023, 9(3), 143; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries9030143 - 21 Feb 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1563
Abstract
In order to alleviate the cyclic attenuation caused by the dissolution of poly-selenides in lithium/sodium storage devices, quantitative selenium was slowly evaporated on the surface of sodium citrate derived carbon (SCDC) at low temperature, and simultaneously the element Se was doped. Benefiting from [...] Read more.
In order to alleviate the cyclic attenuation caused by the dissolution of poly-selenides in lithium/sodium storage devices, quantitative selenium was slowly evaporated on the surface of sodium citrate derived carbon (SCDC) at low temperature, and simultaneously the element Se was doped. Benefiting from the synergistic effects of the domain-limiting effect of embedded nanopores on Se nanoparticles and the stability of SCDC with Se doped during the embedding and stripping of Na ions, Se@C versus sodium metal exhibits high second specific capacity of 485 mAh·g−1 and unexpected stability at 0.1 A g−1 and 1 A g−1. Se@C versus lithium metal exhibits high second specific capacity of 1185 mAh·g−1 at 0.1 A g−1 and excellent stability. Together with the simple and application of synthesis method, Se@C composite is expected to become an anode material for large sodium/lithium storage devices. Full article
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Review

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28 pages, 15745 KiB  
Review
Recent Advances on Transition Metal Chalcogenide for Sodium-Ion Batteries
by Chunyan Wei, Dongyang Qu, Qiuyu Li, Zhonghui Sun, Zhongqian Song, Hongyu Guan and Li Niu
Batteries 2023, 9(9), 467; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries9090467 - 16 Sep 2023
Viewed by 1516
Abstract
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are expected to replace lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) as a new generation of energy storage devices due to their abundant sodium reserves and low cost. Among the anode materials of SIBs, transition metal chalcogenides (TMXs) have attracted much attention because of [...] Read more.
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are expected to replace lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) as a new generation of energy storage devices due to their abundant sodium reserves and low cost. Among the anode materials of SIBs, transition metal chalcogenides (TMXs) have attracted much attention because of their large layer spacing, narrow band gap, and high theoretical capacity. However, in practical applications, TMXs face problems, such as structural instability and poor electrical conductivity. In this review, the research progress and challenges of TMXs in SIBs in recent years are summarized, the application of nanostructure design, defect engineering, cladding engineering, and heterogeneous construction techniques and strategies in improving the electrochemical performance of TMXs anode are emphatically introduced, and the storage mechanism of sodium is briefly summarized. Finally, the application and development prospects of TMX anodes in electrochemical energy storage are discussed and prospected. Full article
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21 pages, 5046 KiB  
Review
Advances in Vanadium-Redoxed Polyanions for High-Voltage Sodium-Ion Batteries
by Honglun Wu, Yiqing Chen, Tianzhuo Wen, Long Chen, Xiangjun Pu and Zhongxue Chen
Batteries 2023, 9(1), 56; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries9010056 - 12 Jan 2023
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 3041
Abstract
Large-scale energy storage using sodium ion batteries (SIBs) as a hub for the conversion of renewable energy has become a topic of great importance. However, the application of SIBs is hindered by low energy density arising from inferior capacity and operation voltage. In [...] Read more.
Large-scale energy storage using sodium ion batteries (SIBs) as a hub for the conversion of renewable energy has become a topic of great importance. However, the application of SIBs is hindered by low energy density arising from inferior capacity and operation voltage. In this regard, vanadium-based phosphate polyanions with multiple valence changes (III–V), high redox potential, abundant resources, spacious frame structure, and remarkable thermal stability are promising avenues to address this dilemma. In this review, following the principle of electronic structure and function relationship, we summarize the recent progress in phosphates, pyrophosphates, fluorophosphates, and mixed polyanions of vanadium-centered polyanionic materials for SIBs. This review may provide comprehensive understanding and guidelines to further construct high performance, low-cost sodium-ion batteries. Full article
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23 pages, 5649 KiB  
Review
Aqueous Rechargeable Sodium-Ion Batteries: From Liquid to Hydrogel
by Mingrui Yang, Jun Luo, Xiaoniu Guo, Jiacheng Chen, Yuliang Cao and Weihua Chen
Batteries 2022, 8(10), 180; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries8100180 - 12 Oct 2022
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 3487
Abstract
Sodium-ion batteries stand out as a promising technology for developing a new generation of energy storage devices because of their apparent advantages in terms of costs and resources. Aqueous electrolytes, which are flame-resistant, inexpensive, and environmentally acceptable, are receiving a lot of attention [...] Read more.
Sodium-ion batteries stand out as a promising technology for developing a new generation of energy storage devices because of their apparent advantages in terms of costs and resources. Aqueous electrolytes, which are flame-resistant, inexpensive, and environmentally acceptable, are receiving a lot of attention in light of the present environmental and electronic equipment safety concerns. In recent decades, numerous improvements have been made to the performance of aqueous sodium-ion batteries (ASIBs). One particular development has been the transition from liquid to hydrogel electrolytes, whose durability, flexibility, and leakproof properties are eagerly anticipated in the next generation of flexible wearable electronics. The current review examines the most recent developments in the investigation and development of the electrolytes and associated electrode materials of ASIBs. An overview of new discoveries based on cycle stability, electrochemical performance, and morphology is presented along with previously published data. Additionally, the main milestones, applications, and challenges of this field are briefly discussed. Full article
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Other

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16 pages, 1833 KiB  
Perspective
Application of First Principles Computations Based on Density Functional Theory (DFT) in Cathode Materials of Sodium-Ion Batteries
by Yuqiu Wang, Binkai Yu, Jin Xiao, Limin Zhou and Mingzhe Chen
Batteries 2023, 9(2), 86; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries9020086 - 27 Jan 2023
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 3251
Abstract
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have been widely explored by researchers because of their abundant raw materials, uniform distribution, high-energy density and conductivity, low cost, and high safety. In recent years, theoretical calculations and experimental studies on SIBs have been increasing, and the applications and [...] Read more.
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have been widely explored by researchers because of their abundant raw materials, uniform distribution, high-energy density and conductivity, low cost, and high safety. In recent years, theoretical calculations and experimental studies on SIBs have been increasing, and the applications and results of first-principles calculations have aroused extensive interests worldwide. Herein, the authors review the applications of density functional (DFT) theory in cathode materials for SIBs, summarize the applications of DFT in transition-metal oxides/chalcogenides, polyanionic compounds, Prussian blue, and organic cathode materials for SIBs from three aspects: diffusion energy barrier and diffusion path, energy calculation and structure, and electronic structure. The relationship between the structure and performance of the battery material will be comprehensively understood by analyzing the specific working principle of battery material through theoretical calculation and combining with high-precision experimental characterization technologies. Selecting materials with good performance from a large number of electrode materials through theoretical calculation can avoid unnecessary complex experiments and instrument characterizations. With the gradual deepening of research, the DFT calculation will play a greater role in the sodium-ion battery electrode field. Full article
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Recent Advances on Low-Co and Co-Free High Entropy Layered Oxide Cathodes for Lithium-ion Batteries
Authors: Binkai Yu; Yuqiu Wang; Jiaqi Li; Yuqin Jin; Zixin Liang; Limin Zhou; Mingzhe Chen
Affiliation: School of Energy and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
Abstract: As the price of the precious metal cobalt continues to rise, there is an urgent need for a cobalt-free or low-cobalt electrode material to reduce the cost of lithium-ion batteries, which are widely used commercially, while maintaining their performance as much as possible. With the introduction of the new concept of high entropy materials into the battery field, low cobalt and cobalt free high entropy novel lithium-ion batteries have attracted great attention. It possesses important research value to use high entropy materials to reduce the use of cobalt metal in electrode materials. In this perspective, the comparison between the new cathode materials of low cobalt and cobalt-free high entropy lithium-ion battery and traditional cathode materials and the latest progress in maintaining structural stability and conductivity are introduced. It is believed that low cobalt and cobalt-free and high entropy layered oxides can be used to replace the function of cobalt in the cathode materials of lithium-ion batteries. Finally, the future research directions and synthesis method of high entropy cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries are also discussed.

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