Special Issue "Lithosphere–Atmosphere–Ionosphere Coupling (LAIC) Models"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2019) | Viewed by 25458
Interests: physics of the ionosphere; atmospheric electricity; natural hazards; lithosphere-atmosphere–ionosphere coupling
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Special Issue in Remote Sensing: State-of-the-Art Technology of Remote Sensing in Russia
Special Issue in Atmosphere: Feature Papers in Upper Atmosphere
When I met the famous Japanese seismologist Seiya Uyeda nearly 20 years ago, he was the same age as I am now. Listening to my enthusiastic reasoning that we are very close to finding the solution to the short-term earthquake forecast problem, Seiya told me that we would be able to confirm this only once the theory of pre-earthquake processes had been created. In the last 20 years, many scientists have worked hard trying to understand how information from underground has propagated through the atmosphere up to its higher layer ionosphere. We are very close now to solving this problem, and the aim of this Special Issue is to summarize the recent progress in understanding the lithosphere–atmosphere–ionosphere coupling (LAIC). This should include at least five important segments:
- A description of the lithosphere–atmosphere interface including the mechanical, geochemical, and electromagnetic interactions;
- A description of pre-earthquake processes in the boundary layer of the atmosphere including the plasmachemical reactions, heat generation, atmospheric movements/AGW generation, and the impact on the global electric circuit (conductivity, EF, etc.);
- A description of atmosphere–ionosphere coupling leading to ionospheric precursors generation considering two main possibilities: electromagnetic coupling and the AGW effect on the ionosphere;
- A description of the ionospheric anomalies associated with earthquake preparation, including variations of electron and ion concentration, electron and ion temperature, modification of the vertical profiles of electron concentration, modification of ion composition in the F-layer of the ionosphere, and the spatial and temporal dynamics of all these parameters;
- The synergy of all these parameters, demonstrating their common origin, uniqueness, and time directivity, indicating the approaching of the system to the critical point.
Dr. Sergey Pulinets
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- tectonic fault
- ion's hydration
- electric field
- air conductivity
- global electric circuit
- latent heat
- acoustic gravity waves
- electron concentration