Nature-Based Countermeasures in Atmospheric and Climate Research

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Air Quality".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 26 August 2024 | Viewed by 1610

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Climate Laboratory, Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, ON M1C 1A4, Canada
Interests: nature-based solutions; air quality; climate change adaptation and mitigation; urban climate; sustainable development; health equity

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Guest Editor
Climate Lab, Department of Physical & Environmental Science, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, ON M5S, Canada
Interests: climate change in the eastern arctic; numerical ocean and climate modelling; air quality; hurricanes and climate change; climate change impact assessment; day-to-day temperature variability

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Nature-based solutions provide a strategic intervention to increase resilience and mitigate the adverse impacts of urbanization, industrial processes, and climate change. You are invited to contribute original research and review articles focused on the use of nature-based solutions to support air pollution abatement, carbon sequestration, climate resilience, phytoremediation, thermal comfort, and urban sustainability for healthy and liveable neighborhoods, cities, and communities. Research on the interactions between nature-based solutions and air quality, climatic processes, and heat across different urban, suburban and peri-urban morphologies, is also appropriate for inclusion in this Special Issue. Contributions may include experimental field research, modelling studies, biometeorological surveys, and methods and techniques for evaluating the impact of nature-based solutions on climatic conditions.

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Interactions between nature-based solutions and air quality;
  • Climate-sensitive nature-based solutions for sustainable cities;
  • Urban climate conditions (e.g., UHI, humidity, radiation, precipitation, wind) and nature-based solutions;
  • Nature-based solutions and blue carbon;
  • Nature-based solutions for phytoremediation;
  • Nature-based solutions for carbon sequestration;
  • Nature-based solutions for urban heat and health;
  • Nature-based solutions for sustainable development.

Dr. Vidya Anderson
Prof. Dr. William A. Gough
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

22 pages, 2485 KiB  
Review
Mechanisms and Applications of Nature-Based Solutions for Stormwater Control in the Context of Climate Change: A Review
by Chuanhao Sun, Qiuyi Rao, Biyi Chen, Xin Liu, Rana Muhammad Adnan Ikram, Jianjun Li, Mo Wang and Dongqing Zhang
Atmosphere 2024, 15(4), 403; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos15040403 - 25 Mar 2024
Viewed by 973
Abstract
Nature-based solutions (NbSs) are considered to form an innovative stormwater management approach that has living resolutions grounded in natural processes and structures. NbSs offer many other environmental benefits over traditional grey infrastructure, including reduced air pollution and climate change mitigation. This review predominantly [...] Read more.
Nature-based solutions (NbSs) are considered to form an innovative stormwater management approach that has living resolutions grounded in natural processes and structures. NbSs offer many other environmental benefits over traditional grey infrastructure, including reduced air pollution and climate change mitigation. This review predominantly centers on the hydrological aspect of NbSs and furnishes a condensed summary of the collective understanding about NbSs as an alternatives for stormwater management. In this study, which employed the CIMO (Context, Intervention, Mechanism, Outcome) framework, a corpus of 187 NbS-related publications (2000–2023) extracted from the Web of Science database were used, and we expounded upon the origins, objectives, and significance of NbSs in urban runoff and climate change, and the operational mechanisms of NbSs (including green roofs, permeable pavements, bioretention systems, and constructed wetlands), which are widely used in urban stormwater management, were also discussed. Additionally, the efficacy of NbSs in improving stormwater quality and quantity is discussed in depth in this study. In particular, the critical role of NbSs in reducing nutrients such as TSS, TN, TP, and COD and heavy metal pollutants such as Fe, Cu, Pb, and Zn is emphasized. Finally, the main barriers encountered in the promotion and application of NbSs in different countries and regions, including financial, technological and physical, regulatory, and public awareness, are listed, and future directions for improving and strategizing NbS implementation are proposed. This review gathered knowledge from diverse sources to provide an overview of NbSs, enhancing the comprehension of their mechanisms and applications. It underscores specific areas requiring future research attention. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nature-Based Countermeasures in Atmospheric and Climate Research)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

1. Title: Physicochemical interactions with built form and green space during the COVID-19 pandemic in Toronto, Ontario, Canada”

Authors: William A. Gough, Vidya Anderson, and Matej Zgela

Air pollutants, NO, NO2, and O3, were examined from October to December 2020 and compared to a 10-year (2010–2019) climatology of these pollutants for two monitoring sites in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, coinciding with local lockdown measures during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, to provide greater spatial analysis, satellite derived NO2 values were sampled during the same time period. Consistent with first wave results, NO and NO2 values were lower than any of the preceding 10 years at the two Toronto sites for both weekdays and weekends. Ozone concentrations did not have a corresponding decrease and in fact increased for weekdays, similar to other parts of the world. The well-documented ozone weekend effect was considerably muted during the morning rush hour throughout this pandemic period. Due to the declining available of sunlight during this second wave period compared to the first (April to June), the ozone weekend effect was not as strong. A Fisher exact test on hourly averaged data revealed statistically significant record hourly minimums for NO and NO2, but this was not found for ozone, consistent with the aggregate ranking results. These findings are likely the result of considerably reduced vehicular traffic during this time and ozone chemistry in a NOx-saturated (VOC limited) environment. This has important implications for ozone abatement strategies. The greater spatial representation provided by the satellite data illustrates linkages to nature-based solutions, specifically urban vegetation and forests, on NO2 values.

 

2. Title: “Nature-based evolution: Traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) systems in the application of blue-green infrastructure”

Authors: Vidya Anderson and Manavvi Suneja

Throughout history, humans have learned to understand, interpret, interact and adapt to their biophysical environments. This has generated a body of knowledge and traditional wisdom of nature-based solutions to manage environmental change. Colonization, industrialization, and urbanization have transformed spatial relationships, resulting in fragmented blue-green networks within the landscape. A review of traditional blue-green practices is presented to emphasize the importance of integrating TEK in nature-based decision-making for climate resilient cities.  

 

3. Title: "Healing by design: Using nature-based solutions to cope with eco-anxiety and solastalgia"

Authors: Vidya Anderson, William A. Gough, and Branka Agic

Nature-based solutions (NbS) can support the creation of healthier communities through sustainable urban development. In addition to helping to build more climate resilient cities, NbS can provide a mechanism to cope with the mental health impacts caused by environmental change. Through systematic review and qualitative evidence synthesis, an analysis of the beneficial effects of NbS in coping with eco-anxiety and solastalgia is presented. NbS could provide a viable strategy to address the mental health impacts associated with a rapidly changing climate.

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