Influence of Air Pollution on the Cardiovascular System

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Air Quality and Human Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (19 January 2024) | Viewed by 1555

Special Issue Editor

College Of Health, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, USA
Interests: air pollution health impacts; climate change-related risk factors; exposure science

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Air pollutants are recognized as global health hazards. According to the WHO, 99% of the global population lives in areas where ambient air pollutants exceed the limits outlined in the WHO guidelines. Exposure to air pollutants has been widely associated with respiratory diseases in previous epidemiological studies. In recent epidemiological studies, it has been increasingly reported that exposure to air pollutants is associated with cardiovascular mortality due to diseases such as stroke, heart failure, and thrombosis. These results suggest that exposure to air pollutants may have strong adverse health impacts on the cardiovascular system. However, the underlying biological mechanisms are still poorly understood. Only a few potential mechanisms have been revealed. One of them is that after entering the human body, air pollutants may attack endothelial and/or epithelial cells, leading to increased system oxidative stress and inflammation, platelet activation, and the alteration of the cell membrane oxidative metabolism. In this Special Issue, we aim to promote the publication of papers that broadly consider the topic of the impacts of exposure to air pollutants on cardiovascular health and the underlying biological mechanism. This topic could be addressed from several different perspectives, including in both epidemiological and toxicological studies.

Dr. Linchen He
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • air pollutants
  • cardiovascular system
  • epidemiology
  • toxicology
  • biomarkers
  • exposure sciences

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

13 pages, 1576 KiB  
Article
The Impact of PM10 and Other Airborne Particulate Matter on the Cardiopulmonary and Respiratory Systems of Sports Personnel under Atmospheric Exposure
by Xinheng Huang
Atmosphere 2023, 14(11), 1697; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos14111697 - 17 Nov 2023
Viewed by 1004
Abstract
Respirable particulate matter (PM10) is atmospheric particulate matter with a kinetic diameter of less than or equal to 10 μm in air. According to the definition of the World Health Organization, it is called thoracic-enterable particulate matter because it can enter the body [...] Read more.
Respirable particulate matter (PM10) is atmospheric particulate matter with a kinetic diameter of less than or equal to 10 μm in air. According to the definition of the World Health Organization, it is called thoracic-enterable particulate matter because it can enter the body through the respiratory tract and be deposited into the lungs or absorbed into the blood and lymphatic systems. The toxic substances in it can enter the bloodstream directly and cause serious harm to human health. In addition, PM10 has unique physiological and biological effects, making it an important area of atmospheric chemistry research. In this study, two urban neighborhoods and sports companies were selected for the purpose of investigating the effects of PM10 concentrations in the air of neighborhoods and workplaces on people living and working in these environments for a long period of time, as well as synergistic effects between PM10 concentrations and changes in temperature and the incidence of related diseases. By assessing the extent of PM10’s impact on the respiratory system, this study provides basic data for assessing the health hazards of particulate matter in community environments. This study also analyzed the synergistic effects between air pollutant concentrations, temperature changes, and the incidence of related diseases in two cities to investigate the spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of air pollution and the meteorological causes of pollution in China. On this basis, we established a prediction model for related sensitivity diseases to provide theoretical and technical support for the prediction of related sensitivity diseases on a nationwide scale. Meanwhile, our study also provides support to relevant government departments to formulate a scientific basis and preventive and control measures for dealing with air pollution and its effects on human health. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Influence of Air Pollution on the Cardiovascular System)
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