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Recent Developments and Applications in Environmental Monitoring and Engineering

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 October 2022) | Viewed by 5059

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Historical Geology and Palaeontology, Faculty of Geology and Geo-Environment, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis, 15784 Athens, Greece
Interests: marine geology; climate changes; paleoceanography; geochemistry; petroleum geology; basin analysis; sapropels; coastal and open marine systems; environmental reconstruction; marine sediment dynamics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Historical Geology and Palaeontology, Faculty of Geology and Geo-Environment, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis, 15784 Athens, Greece
Interests: paleoclimatology; paleoceanographic proxies; micropaleontology; integrated stratigraphy; marine geology; ocean dynamics; sea-level changes; marginal seas; astronomical frequencies in paleoclimates; extreme geological events
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Historical Geology and Palaeontology, Faculty of Geology and Geo-Environment, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis, 15784 Athens, Greece
Interests: micropaleontology; paleoenvironment; stratigraphy; paleoceanography; climate change; paleogeography

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Unscientific, expensive, and wasteful critiques of environmental monitoring and geological engineering are common. Natural heterogeneity, insufficient data, and data interpretation have all been identified as major causes of uncertainty in engineering geology practice problems. Despite these issues, several long-term monitoring initiatives have yielded substantial scientific advancements and critical information for environmental and engineering policy. Geological knowledge has been shown to have a critical role in describing and quantifying uncertainty in diverse geological models at different scales. Geohazards (such as landslides and land subsidence) and groundwater and environmental issues may result from a lack of understanding of the geological model uncertainties. In recent decades, advances in measuring technology and sophisticated models have made significant progress in reducing uncertainty, with a particular emphasis on bridging the gap between accessible data and accurate geological models.

Geological model uncertainty must be defined, quantified, and examined for its impact on engineering design, geohazard mitigation, groundwater resources, and environmental concerns. Applied engineering concepts are used in the design of structures in rock for mining, storage, tunneling, and infrastructure. Because rock is a complex and diverse geological material, Rock Mechanics, a quantitative science, is used to help engineers better understand and manipulate the material they work with. Rock Mechanics is critical in a wide range of industries, including mining, oil and gas extraction, civil engineering, and tectonics. The complexity of rock material necessitates a focus on empirical analysis and empirical design methodologies in Rock Engineering design, which may benefit from the use of numerical (computer) modeling based on rock mechanics theory in many circumstances. Hydrology has a significant influence on environmental monitoring and geological engineering. Aquifer hydraulic characteristics and how to quantify them, the structure and heterogeneity of aquifers, difficulties related to groundwater management in construction, and the research, evaluation, and remediation of polluted land are all also things that must be considered. Aside from that, the worldwide scientific and industrial community is investing heavily in the development of new remote sensing technologies. It is now feasible to acquire an enormous quantity of data on the geological aspects. Engineering geology, for example, relies heavily on remote sensing, which may help us quantify the effects of surface geological processes on civil engineering and the extraction of natural resources, among other things (mining, oil, gas, hydropower, geothermal energy, etc.).

Engineering Geology, Environmental issues, soil investigation, remote sensing, Structure geology, geophysics, geological hazards, and human impact as a geological force (if related to applied sciences) are all themes that fall within the scope of this Special Issue. The most recent, methodologically creative, and globally attractive contributions are encouraged. These research and review articles are designed to highlight contemporary advances in environmental monitoring and engineering, such as remote sensing, sediment dynamics, and rock behavior, by introducing new concepts, issues, and methods for investigating them.

Dr. George Kontakiotis
Prof. Dr. Assimina Antonarakou
Prof. Dr. Maria V. Triantaphyllou
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • engineering geology
  • environmental monitoring issues
  • soil investigation and restoration
  • GIS and remote sensing
  • land use land cover changes
  • environmental health
  • marine science and engineering
  • structural geology and tectonics
  • sediment characteristics
  • geohazards

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

18 pages, 4109 KiB  
Article
Possibilities of River Water Temperature Reconstruction Using Statistical Models in the Context of Long-Term Thermal Regime Changes Assessment
by Mariusz Sojka and Mariusz Ptak
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(15), 7503; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12157503 - 26 Jul 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1366
Abstract
Water temperature in rivers is the key property determining the biotic and abiotic processes occurring in these ecosystems. In many regions of the world, the significant lack of measurement data is a serious problem. This paper presents reconstruction of water temperature for selected [...] Read more.
Water temperature in rivers is the key property determining the biotic and abiotic processes occurring in these ecosystems. In many regions of the world, the significant lack of measurement data is a serious problem. This paper presents reconstruction of water temperature for selected Polish rivers with monitoring discontinued in the period 2015–2020. Information regarding air temperature and water temperature in lakes provided the basis for the comparison of three models: multiple linear regression, random forest regression, and multilayer perceptron network. The results show that the best reconstruction results were obtained with a multilayer perceptron network model based on water temperatures in the lake and air temperatures from three meteorological stations. The average values of mean error, root mean square error and standard error were for the rivers in Poland: 1.52 °C, 5.03%, and 0.47 °C. The course of mean yearly water temperature in the years 1987–2020 showed a statistically significant increase from 0.18 to 0.49 °C per decade. The results show that the largest increases occurred in June, August, September, November, and December. Full article
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18 pages, 3540 KiB  
Article
Pollutants Concentration during the Construction and Operation Stages of a Long Tunnel: A Case Study of Lowari Tunnel, (Dir–Chitral), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
by Jehanzeb Khan, Waqas Ahmed, Muhammad Yasir, Ihtisham Islam, Hammad Tariq Janjuhah and George Kontakiotis
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(12), 6170; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12126170 - 17 Jun 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2579
Abstract
Long tunnels with significant overburden, changeable geological conditions, a steep gradient, water infiltration, and heavy traffic flow are susceptible to environmental concerns during both construction and operation. The availability of fresh air and visibility is the most important necessity in excavation for tunnel [...] Read more.
Long tunnels with significant overburden, changeable geological conditions, a steep gradient, water infiltration, and heavy traffic flow are susceptible to environmental concerns during both construction and operation. The availability of fresh air and visibility is the most important necessity in excavation for tunnel workers inside the tunnel during the construction phase, as well as those crossing the tunnel during operation. Lowari Tunnel’s tunnel air pollutants were researched. Carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxide (NO), ammonia (NH3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), PM1, PM2.5, PM10, air velocity, dust morphological and particle size distribution analysis are among the parameters under consideration. The findings provide evidence for the development of tunnel air quality. Full article
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