Special Issue "Topical Advisory Panel Members’ Collection Series: Environmental Hydrology"

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 June 2023 | Viewed by 1056

Special Issue Editors

Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Interests: hydrology; sediment transport; soil erosion; rainfall; runoff; modelling; engineering applications; floods
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
1. Department of Physical Geography and Bolin Center for Climate Research, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
2. Research Centre for Natural Resources, Environment and Society (CERNAS), Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra, Agrarian School of Coimbra, 3045-601 Coimbra, Portugal
Interests: land-use changes; land degradation; surface hydrology; water resources; nature-based solutions
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Climate change is accelerating the water cycle and influencing the hydrological processes across multiple scales. Therefore, enhanced knowledge about different elements of the hydrological cycle in changed environments are needed in order to prevent, protect and predict extreme events such as floods, one of the most extreme and catastrophic natural hazards. Thus, the main objective of this Special Issue is to gather recent advances in the field of hydrology with a focus on climate change. The topics covered by this Special Issue are (but not limited to):

  • Investigations of the climate change impact on hydrological processes and extreme events;
  • Presenting the recent enhancements in the field of hydrological extremes disaster risk prediction;
  • Modelling applications to assess the impact of climate change in the field of hydrology;
  • Hydro-meteorological risk management including green, hybrid and gray infrastructure measures;
  • Strategies to enhance rural and urban resilience to extreme hydro-meteorological events under current and future climate conditions.

Submissions of review papers, original research investigations and case studies are encouraged.

Dr. Nejc Bezak
Dr. Carla Sofia Santos Ferreira
Dr. Zahra Kalantari
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • hydrological processes
  • climate change
  • floods
  • droughts risk management
  • water resources

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Assessing Vulnerability in Flood Prone Areas Using Analytic Hierarchy Process—Group Decision Making and Geographic Information System: A Case Study in Portugal
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(8), 4915; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13084915 - 13 Apr 2023
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A flood vulnerability index was constructed by coupling Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping capabilities with an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Group Decision-Making (GDM) resulting from a paired comparison matrix of expert groups to assign weights to each of the standardised criteria. A survey [...] Read more.
A flood vulnerability index was constructed by coupling Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping capabilities with an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Group Decision-Making (GDM) resulting from a paired comparison matrix of expert groups to assign weights to each of the standardised criteria. A survey was sent to 25 flood experts from government organisations, universities, research institutes, NGOs, and the private sector (56% academics and 44% non-academics). Respondents made pairwise comparisons for several criteria (population, socio-economic, buildings, and exposed elements) and sub-criteria. The group priorities were obtained by combining the Consistency Ratio (CR) and Euclidean Distance (ED) measures to assess the weight of each expert and obtain a final weight for each criterion and sub-criteria. In Portugal, 23 flood-prone areas were considered, and this work contributes with a tool to assess the flood vulnerability and consequently the flood risk. The flood vulnerability index was calculated, and the relevance of the proposed framework is demonstrated for flood-prone areas, in mainland Portugal. The results showed that in all five hydrographic regions, flood-prone areas with very high vulnerability were found, corresponding to areas with a high probability of flooding. The most vulnerable areas are Ponte de Lima in the North, Coimbra, and Pombal in the Centre; Loures in the Tagus and West Region; Setúbal and Alcácer do Sal in the Alentejo Region and Monchique in the Algarve Region. This methodology has the potential to be successfully applied to other flood-prone areas, combining the opinions of stakeholders validated by a mathematical model, which allows the vulnerability of the site to be assessed. Full article
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