Biofuels from Waste Biomass

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2021) | Viewed by 3632

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM), Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
Interests: biomass; biowastes; aqueous-phase reforming; hydrodechlorination water treatment; mesoporous carbon; doped carbon; environmental chemistry
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Nowadays, it is commonly accepted that one of the key factors for sustainable development and climate change mitigation is an increase in biomass-derived fuels. Electric and hybrid technologies for transportation can also be used to replace combustion engines. For these objectives, it is essential to promote the development of processes for producing second-generation biofuels in order to overcome the limitations of first-generation biofuels. For several technical and economic reasons, waste biomass can be considered to be the most interesting raw material for the production of these biofuels.

This Special Issue of Applied Sciences, entitled “Biofuels from Waste Biomass”, aims to collect the most recent studies in this research field and present the most promising processes for biofuel production.

I encourage you to share your latest research in any field related to the scope of this Special Issue, including biomass and waste biomass pyrolysis, other thermal, hydrothermal, catalytic, or biological processes for the production of biofuels, and the characterization of products.

Prof. Dr. Francisco Heras
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • biomass;
  • waste biomass;
  • biofuels;
  • biogas;
  • biodiesel;
  • biochar;
  • bioethanol.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

16 pages, 18735 KiB  
Article
Selective Use of Corn Crop Residues: Energy Viability
by M. T. Miranda, R. García-Mateos, J. I. Arranz, F. J. Sepúlveda, P. Romero and A. Botet-Jiménez
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(7), 3284; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11073284 - 06 Apr 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 3225
Abstract
The corn crop is one of the most important crops worldwide. However, the management of the residues generated is not efficient enough, which diminishes the competitiveness of this crop. An interesting option for the valorization of these wastes is their thermal use. In [...] Read more.
The corn crop is one of the most important crops worldwide. However, the management of the residues generated is not efficient enough, which diminishes the competitiveness of this crop. An interesting option for the valorization of these wastes is their thermal use. In order to make the management of this residue as much efficient as possible, it is vital to know the different processes related to a corn harvest, and try to adapt the use of this waste depending on its characteristics. Thus, in this work, and on the basis of a conventional corn harvest, a differentiated analysis of the residue generated was carried out, including its characterization and assessing its behavior during pyrolysis and combustion. The results pointed out the importance of collecting residue immediately after its generation and avoiding its contact with the soil as this factor tends to worsen its thermal properties and ash content. Concerning the selective collection, it is highly advisable if the subsequent thermal use is going to be a pyrolytic process. In the case of combustion, even though the samples that contain corn stalk showed better combustion properties, this improvement did not outweigh the adverse effects related to the increase in ash content, especially for its pelletizing. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biofuels from Waste Biomass)
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