Intelligent Transportation System Technologies and Applications

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Transportation and Future Mobility".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 June 2024 | Viewed by 2111

Special Issue Editors

Laboratoire Connaissance et Intelligence Artificielle Distribuées (CIAD), University Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UTBM, 90010 Belfort, France
Interests: autonomous intersections; transportation systems; traffic control; urban mobility; combinatorial optimization
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Laboratoire Connaissance et Intelligence Artificielle Distribuées (CIAD), University of Technology of Belfort-Montbéliard (UTBM), 90010 Belfort, France
Interests: explainable artificial intelligence (XAI); human computer interaction (HCI); multiagent systems
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Laboratoire Connaissances et Intelligence Artificielle Distribuées;Université de Technologie de Belfort-Montbéliard, Belfort, France
Interests: connected autonomous vehicles; cooperative driving; artificial intelligence; control theory; urban mobility
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Traffic congestion is among the largest sources of pollution and noise, not to mention an enormous waste of time and energy. Vehicle traffic rationalization and optimization have become mandatory to at least minimize the impact of pollutant emissions and unsustainable fuel consumption in cities and urban areas. Intelligent transportation systems (ITSs) constitute a fertile research area to manage urban traffic in smart cities, and also to improve transportation efficiency, environmental care and safety. As science harnesses the technological progress in the ITS domain, paradigm shifts are anticipated.

This Special Issue aims to study the various advanced technologies and applications of intelligent transport systems and highlight their contributions in terms of reducing traffic congestion in cities, improving the safety of vulnerable road users, reducing pollution, increasing the attractiveness of cities and thus supporting the economy of cities. Topics of interest include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Traffic signal management;
  • Autonomous intersection management;
  • Explainable AI and intelligent transportation;
  • Navigation in smart cities;
  • Cloud services for smart mobility;
  • Control and management of electric and hybrid vehicles;
  • Multi-agent systems;
  • Combinatorial optimization;
  • Meta-heuristics;
  • Reinforcement learning;
  • Deep learning;
  • Petri nets modelling and control;
  • Connected vehicles;
  • Cooperative driving;
  • Computer vision and smart transportation systems.

Dr. Mahjoub Dridi
Dr. Yazan Mualla
Prof. Dr. Abdeljalil Abbas-Turki
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • cooperative driving
  • traffic control
  • urban mobility
  • explainability
  • smart mobility

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

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21 pages, 3544 KiB  
Article
Stability of Traffic Equilibria in a Day-to-Day Dynamic Model of Route Choice and Adaptive Signal Control
Appl. Sci. 2024, 14(5), 1891; https://doi.org/10.3390/app14051891 (registering DOI) - 25 Feb 2024
Viewed by 114
Abstract
Adaptive traffic signal control has the potential to promote the efficient use of road intersections, thus contributing to the effectiveness of urban traffic management schemes. However, the reaction of drivers to repeatedly updated signal settings and the ensuing route choice dynamics may trigger [...] Read more.
Adaptive traffic signal control has the potential to promote the efficient use of road intersections, thus contributing to the effectiveness of urban traffic management schemes. However, the reaction of drivers to repeatedly updated signal settings and the ensuing route choice dynamics may trigger the emergence of various kinds of network instability. In this study, the joint evolution of traffic flows and adaptive signal settings in a road network is investigated at the level of day-to-day dynamics with an explicit focus on the stability issue. We show how a Logit form signal control policy can be used, in interaction with route choice, to counter the emergence of instabilities possibly arising as a consequence of various behavioral factors and network conditions. After providing a general formulation of the model as a discrete time, deterministic nonlinear dynamical system, an explicit analysis of fixed-point stability is carried out for a simple network. Numerical results obtained from the implementation of the model on two example networks are presented in order to support the analytical findings of this study. We conclude that, in an integrated traffic management and information system, a properly calibrated adaptive signal control policy has the potential to offset the destabilizing effect of highly accurate driver information supplied by navigational aids. Our findings also suggest that the Logit-like control policy performs better than the Equisaturation signal setting method, in terms of average intersection delay at equilibrium, for all levels of driver information and travel demand tested in the experiment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Transportation System Technologies and Applications)
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12 pages, 1919 KiB  
Article
Controlling Traffic Congestion in a Residential Area via GLOSA Development
Appl. Sci. 2024, 14(4), 1474; https://doi.org/10.3390/app14041474 - 11 Feb 2024
Viewed by 414
Abstract
The phenomenon of traffic congestion started in the second half of the twentieth century. This arose because of our society’s constant increase in demand for mobility. The excessive traffic of vehicles attempting to use the same infrastructure at the same time is what [...] Read more.
The phenomenon of traffic congestion started in the second half of the twentieth century. This arose because of our society’s constant increase in demand for mobility. The excessive traffic of vehicles attempting to use the same infrastructure at the same time is what causes congestion. The consequences are well-known: delays, air pollution, reduced speed, and dissatisfaction (which may lead to risky maneuvers, reducing pedestrian and other driver safety). Our objective is to simulate the change in traffic patterns brought about by app users in residential areas (using navigational tools like Google Maps and Apple Maps), where the majority of navigational tools provide shortcuts that go through residential areas. In addition to discouraging navigation apps from directing drivers through residential areas during peak hours to mitigate pollution levels, by developing an algorithm based on the technology of Green Light Optimized Speed Advisory (GLOSA) and implementing it in a simulated environment (VISSIM), we can see the effect of changing the duration of red lights while keeping green lights constant. Overall, this solution can be implemented to change the times of traffic lights without the need for supplies, additional equipment, or warning signs because most cities’ traffic lights are already remotely controlled. In addition, this procedure is temporary to provide some freedom and does not adhere to the speed specified for drivers who wish to pass through residential areas outside of rush hour. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Transportation System Technologies and Applications)
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14 pages, 3453 KiB  
Article
Systemic Design Strategies for Shaping the Future of Automated Shuttle Buses
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(21), 11767; https://doi.org/10.3390/app132111767 - 27 Oct 2023
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Abstract
Automated shuttle buses entail adopting new technologies and modifying users’ practices, cultural and symbolic meanings, policies, and markets. This results in a paradigmatic transition for a typical sociotechnical system: the transport system. However, the focus of the extant literature often lacks an overall [...] Read more.
Automated shuttle buses entail adopting new technologies and modifying users’ practices, cultural and symbolic meanings, policies, and markets. This results in a paradigmatic transition for a typical sociotechnical system: the transport system. However, the focus of the extant literature often lacks an overall vision, addressing a single technology, supply chain, or societal dimension. Although systemic design can manage multiple-level and long-term transitions, the literature does not discuss how systemic design tools can support implementation. This paper takes the four strategies proposed by Pereno and Barbero in 2020 as the theoretical framework to fill this literature gap, discussing the specific systemic design methods applicable to the design of automated shuttle bus systems. A six-week workshop to facilitate the exploration of future autonomous public transportation is taken as a case study. The systemic design approach was applied to enrich the Human–Machine Interaction (HMI) and functional architecture of automated shuttle buses. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Transportation System Technologies and Applications)
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Review

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25 pages, 1264 KiB  
Review
Review of Traffic Assignment and Future Challenges
Appl. Sci. 2024, 14(2), 683; https://doi.org/10.3390/app14020683 - 13 Jan 2024
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Abstract
The problem of traffic assignment consists of determining the routes taken by the users of transportation infrastructure. This problem has been the subject of numerous studies, particularly in analyzing scenarios for developing road infrastructure and pricing strategies. This paper reviews the major progress [...] Read more.
The problem of traffic assignment consists of determining the routes taken by the users of transportation infrastructure. This problem has been the subject of numerous studies, particularly in analyzing scenarios for developing road infrastructure and pricing strategies. This paper reviews the major progress in the field. Accordingly, it shows that the evolution of intelligent transportation systems and the emergence of connected and autonomous vehicles present new challenges to classical approaches for solving the traffic assignment problem. It addresses two major perspectives: digital twins coupled with artificial intelligence to help decision-makers, and rule-based policy to offer users fair and efficient itineraries while respecting infrastructure capacity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Transportation System Technologies and Applications)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: A comprehensive review on traffic assignment and future challenges
Authors: Mahjoub Dridi
Affiliation: Laboratoire Connaissance et Intelligence Artificielle Distribuées (CIAD), University Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UTBM, 90010 Belfort, France

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