Recent Developments and Emerging Trends in Marine Biotechnology, 2nd Edition

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Applied Biosciences and Bioengineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2024 | Viewed by 648

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Marine Resources, Conservation and Technology, Marine Algae Laboratory, Centre for Functional Ecology—Science for People & the Planet (CFE), Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, 3000-456 Coimbra, Portugal
Interests: marine biotechnology; phycology; biodiversity; nutraceuticals
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Dear Colleagues,

An important consequence of demographic pressure is the rapid unsustainable consumption of living resources, preventing their renewal, with many species being put at serious risk due to overexploitation, particularly those affected by illegal, unregulated, or unreported fishing or, in best case scenarios, due to nonselective and ineffective practices. These threats to the ocean require the development of new modes of cooperation and the implementation of adaptable measures and effective management principles. Today, there is an avenue of strategic thinking regarding the conceptualization of policies for the governance, management, and enhancement of oceans on a global scale.

Oceans cover about 72% of the surface of our planet, displaying a high biodiversity that includes animals, seagrasses, macro- and microalgae, bacteria, cyanobacteria, archaebacteria, and viruses. In short, all the major domains of life are present in this global habitat, which has varied ecosystems, from chasms more than 11,000 m deep and mid-ocean hydrothermal vents to salt flats where microscopic cells can survive concentrations of salt close to their saturation point.

Although natural products have historically been the main source of drugs approved for the treatment of humans, the research and development focus of the pharmaceutical industry has moved away from this group of compounds. However, the growing number of molecules that have been discovered in the marine environment—mostly produced by microorganisms—and the arrival of some of these compounds on the market show the potential of oceans and their microbiota to be a source of chemical diversity, with an impact on human health. Thus, oceans harbor immeasurable opportunities for the discovery of new molecules and potential biotechnological applications.

Prof. Dr. Leonel Pereira
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • marine organisms
  • marine biodiversity
  • marine algae
  • microbiota
  • aquaculture
  • stock assessment
  • bioremediation
  • carbon biosequestration
  • bioactive molecules
  • nutraceuticals
  • blue growth

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