Human Performance and Health in Sport and Exercise

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Applied Biosciences and Bioengineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 July 2024 | Viewed by 2269

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Interests: sports performance; stress biomarkers; muscle oxygenation; sports climbing; combat sports; physical literacy; health literacy; lifestyle medicine

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Guest Editor
Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino and Lazio Meridionale, Viale dell’Università, 03043 Cassino, Italy
Interests: sport; physical activity; sport statistics; training monitoring; testing; exercise prescription; rate of perceived exertion; fatigue; sport biomechanics; human balance; proprioception; postural control
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The current research shows a positive association between sports participation and people’s health status. All types of physically demanding sport, competitive or not, offer measurable health gains for men and women of all ages. However, competitive sports demand numerous sacrifices from athletes to achieve an optimal performance, which comes at a high price: injuries, recurrent fatigue, and mental issues such as anxiety and frustration. Also, retired athletes have numerous health issues following stressful competitions and training. Therefore, both health and performance should be seen as foundations in the development of a healthy and high-performing athlete. These studies collectively underscore the significant role of sports participation in promoting both physical and mental health. Also, to reach optimal performance and attain health benefits of sports participation, coaches and athletes have to possess high levels of health and physical literacy. In other words, knowing about the positive health benefits of sports and physical activity and how to achieve them have gained interest. Therefore, we invite researchers to submit papers related to performance and health in sports.

Dr. Barbara Gilic
Dr. Andrea Fusco
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • sports performance
  • performance indicators
  • well-being
  • healthy lifestyle
  • health literacy
  • physical literacy
  • lifestyle medicine

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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17 pages, 1776 KiB  
Article
The Impact of Cardiorespiratory and Metabolic Parameters on Match Running Performance (MRP) in National-Level Football Players: A Multiple Regression Analysis
by Radivoje Radaković, Borko Katanić, Mima Stanković, Bojan Masanovic and Suzana Žilić Fišer
Appl. Sci. 2024, 14(9), 3807; https://doi.org/10.3390/app14093807 - 29 Apr 2024
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Abstract
The aim of the study was to examine the association between cardiorespiratory and metabolic parameters and match running performance (MRP) in highly trained football players. The sample of participants consisted of 41 national-level football players (aged 23.20 ± 3.40 years, body height 182.00 [...] Read more.
The aim of the study was to examine the association between cardiorespiratory and metabolic parameters and match running performance (MRP) in highly trained football players. The sample of participants consisted of 41 national-level football players (aged 23.20 ± 3.40 years, body height 182.00 ± 5.15 cm, and body mass 76.86 ± 6.06 kg) from the Serbian Super league. For the purposes of this research, the following measurements were applied. A maximal multistage progressive treadmill test, with a direct measurement of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) (using Fitmate MED, Cosmed, Rome, Italy) was conducted, alongside continuous heart rate monitoring. Capillary blood samples were taken from the hyperemic area using specific test strips, and, after sample collection, lactate concentration was immediately determined using a lactate analyzer. MRP variables were analyzed according to the BioIRC model of motion structure analysis, based on existing standards for profiling movement intensity. The results of multiple regression analysis indicated an association between cardiac parameters and total distance (R2 = 54.3%, p = 0.000), high-speed running (R2 = 46.4%, p = 0.000), and jogging (R2 = 33.6%, p = 0.004). Regression analysis revealed an association between cardiorespiratory parameters and total distance (R2 = 24.8%, p = 0.014), and high-speed running (R2 = 20%, p = 0.039). Meanwhile, no association was found between lactate concentration and running performance. The explanation for these regression analysis results is based on the observation that functional abilities represent significant potential for expressing movement performance, a crucial condition for success in football. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Performance and Health in Sport and Exercise)
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12 pages, 2099 KiB  
Article
Effects of Specific Training Using a Rowing Ergometer on Sport Performance in Adolescents
by Juan Gavala-González, Mª Elena Porras-García, José Carlos Fernández-García and Mateo Real-Pérez
Appl. Sci. 2024, 14(8), 3180; https://doi.org/10.3390/app14083180 - 10 Apr 2024
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Abstract
The main purpose of this study was to study the effects of a specific rowing ergometer training program on the athletic performance of young adolescents (N = 56; 11.73 ± 1.4 years old) compared to a workout based on general strength training. An [...] Read more.
The main purpose of this study was to study the effects of a specific rowing ergometer training program on the athletic performance of young adolescents (N = 56; 11.73 ± 1.4 years old) compared to a workout based on general strength training. An eight-week training program was implemented, with four sessions per week and two hours per session. The sample was divided into two groups: a control group (CG) that performed circuit training with exercises aimed at building general strength and an experimental group (EG) who focused on specifically training on a rowing ergometer (rowing machine). The data obtained in a rowing meter test over the competition distance were analyzed to obtain the average power attained (W) at the beginning of the training, at the middle (4 weeks), at the end of the training (8 weeks) and one year after the experimentation. The results show that although both forms of training improve the average W obtained in both categories, the EG subjects (+29.94 W) obtained better averages in all phases of the study compared to the CG (+5.88 W). Furthermore, this increase was greater in male rowers (+34.06 W) than in female rowers (+24.54 W). These results reveal that a specific rower rowing ergometer training program has a more significant effect than a general strength program and these effects can even be observed a year after the intervention. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Performance and Health in Sport and Exercise)
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Review

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20 pages, 783 KiB  
Review
Analyses of Physical and Physiological Responses during Competition in Para-Footballers with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review
by Santiago Álvarez-Hernández, Daniel Castillo, José Gerardo Villa-Vicente, Javier Yanci, Diego Marqués-Jiménez and Alejandro Rodríguez-Fernández
Appl. Sci. 2024, 14(9), 3812; https://doi.org/10.3390/app14093812 - 29 Apr 2024
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Abstract
Background: Classification of athletes in cerebral palsy (CP) football is a key action that aims to promote the participation of all players by minimizing the impact of their physical disabilities on the outcome of the competition by establishing sports classes. As such, a [...] Read more.
Background: Classification of athletes in cerebral palsy (CP) football is a key action that aims to promote the participation of all players by minimizing the impact of their physical disabilities on the outcome of the competition by establishing sports classes. As such, a new research line has been included in the classification process at an international level; that is, the analysis of locomotor demands during competition helps classifiers to understand the para-footballers’ profile. Therefore, the main aim of this systematic review was to summarize the physical and physiological responses of players with CP in different sport classes during competition. Methods: A bibliographic search was conducted using PubMed, SCOPUS, and Web Of Science databases following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines using the PICOS strategy. Results: Six studies meeting inclusion criteria analyzing physical (i.e., total distances, distances at different speeds, high-intensity and short-term actions, change of directions, etc.) and physiological (heart rate (HR), time spent at different zones of maximum HR, etc.) responses. Findings revealed that para-footballers with CP and minimal impairment impact covered greater total and distance above 23.04 km·h−1 and achieved higher maximum speeds during match-play. Notably, no significant differences in physiological responses were observed based on classification. Conclusions: The research suggests that para-footballers with CP and lower physical impairment may exhibit enhanced performance in terms of distance covered and speed during gameplay, highlighting their potential competence in the sport. In addition, the limited number of studies examining the physiological response of para-footballers prevents conclusive results and differentiating between classification groups. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Performance and Health in Sport and Exercise)
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