Infectious Respiratory Diseases of Livestock Animals

A special issue of Animals (ISSN 2076-2615). This special issue belongs to the section "Veterinary Clinical Studies".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 May 2024 | Viewed by 2986

Special Issue Editor


E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain
Interests: infectious diseases of ruminants; respiratory pathogens; enteropathogens; molecular epidemiology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues, 

Infectious respiratory diseases are a leading cause of welfare concern and economic losses in the livestock animal industry worldwide. Respiratory diseases are caused by a variety of infectious agents, including viruses and bacteria, in a complex interaction with host, environmental, and management factors. Moreover, bacterial infections require the use of antibiotic treatments, which are the main cause of antimicrobial resistance in all food-producing animal industries, raising also concerns for human health.

The aim of this Special Issue to collect the most recent advances in different aspects of research on respiratory diseases in livestock animals, including their etiological agents, host–pathogen interaction, molecular epidemiology, risk factors, surveillance, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control. Research manuscripts and reviews in these subjects are invited.

Prof. Dr. Dolores Cid
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Animals is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • respiratory pathogens
  • infectious respiratory disease
  • livestock
  • molecular typing
  • antimicrobials
  • risk factors
  • vaccines

Published Papers (2 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Jump to: Review

12 pages, 647 KiB  
Article
Molecular Epidemiology of Pasteurella multocida Associated with Bovine Respiratory Disease Outbreaks
by Johan Manuel Calderón Bernal, Ana Fernández, José Luis Arnal, Celia Sanz Tejero, José Francisco Fernández-Garayzábal, Ana I. Vela and Dolores Cid
Animals 2023, 13(1), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani13010075 - 24 Dec 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1776
Abstract
Studies that characterize bovine respiratory disease (BRD)-associated Pasteurella multocida isolates are scarce compared with research on isolates from other hosts and clinical backgrounds. In the present study, 170 P. multocida isolates from 125 BRD outbreaks were characterized by capsular and LPS typing as [...] Read more.
Studies that characterize bovine respiratory disease (BRD)-associated Pasteurella multocida isolates are scarce compared with research on isolates from other hosts and clinical backgrounds. In the present study, 170 P. multocida isolates from 125 BRD outbreaks were characterized by capsular and LPS typing as well as by virulotyping. Three capsular types (A, B, F) and three LPS genotypes (L2, L3, L6) were identified. Capsular and LPS typing revealed a very low genetic diversity (GD = 0.02) among P. multocida, with most isolates belonging to genotype A:L3 (97.6%). Virulotyping identified seven virulence-associated gene profiles, with two profiles including 95.9% of the isolates. A subset of isolates was further characterized by MLST and PFGE. The sequence types ST79 and ST13 were the most frequently identified and were grouped into the same clonal complex (CC13), a result that supports the clonal population structure of BRD-associated P. multocida isolates. PFGE typing also revealed a low genetic diversity (GD = 0.18), detecting a single pattern in 62.5% of the outbreaks in which multiple isolates were analyzed. Overall, 85.2% of the isolates belonged to pulsotypes with at least 80% genetic similarity, consistent with a clonal population structure observed by MLST analysis and corroborating the genetic relatedness of most P. multocida isolates associated with BRD in cattle. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Infectious Respiratory Diseases of Livestock Animals)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Review

Jump to: Research

20 pages, 1506 KiB  
Review
Literature Review of the Principal Diagnostic Tests to Detect Bovine Respiratory Disease in Pre-Weaned Dairy and Veal Calves
by Julie Berman
Animals 2024, 14(2), 329; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani14020329 - 21 Jan 2024
Viewed by 782
Abstract
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is an infection of the upper and lower respiratory tract, characterized by an inflammation of the lung. Different diagnostic tests can be used to detect BRD, including clinical respiratory scoring systems, thoracic auscultation, and imaging tests like thoracic ultrasonography [...] Read more.
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is an infection of the upper and lower respiratory tract, characterized by an inflammation of the lung. Different diagnostic tests can be used to detect BRD, including clinical respiratory scoring systems, thoracic auscultation, and imaging tests like thoracic ultrasonography and thoracic radiography. Although commonly used, none of these diagnostic tests are perfect for detecting BRD. This article reviews the advantages and drawbacks of these techniques and their performance in detecting BRD in pre-weaned dairy and veal calves. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Infectious Respiratory Diseases of Livestock Animals)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop