Grain Harvesting, Processing Technology, and Storage Management

A special issue of Agriculture (ISSN 2077-0472). This special issue belongs to the section "Agricultural Product Quality and Safety".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 September 2024 | Viewed by 3320

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
Interests: food harvesting, storage, and processing technology; smart grain, smart farming, and smart grain systems; stored grain ecosystems; multi-field interaction and multi-factor coupling

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Academy of State Administration of Grain (ASAG), Baiwanzhuang Street, Beijing 100037, China
Interests: theoretical models of moisture and heat transfer in grain; control models for grain drying

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the context of an evolving global food system and growing concerns regarding food security and quality, it is crucial to explore innovative approaches and advancements across various aspects of the food system. Effective management and technological innovation in grain collection, storage, transportation, and processing, along with the integration of food safety information systems, smart grain systems, and artificial intelligence technologies, play a vital role in enhancing grain quality, reducing losses, and ensuring the sustainability and safety of the grain supply chain.

We are delighted to invite scholarly contributions that investigate the interlinkages between food security, food quality, and food security management information systems. Additionally, we encourage the submission of research on advancements in food production and processing technology, as well as on grain storage and management. Furthermore, we are particularly interested in exploring multi-field interactions and multi-factor coupling within the context of grain harvesting, postharvest control, and the eco-concept of stored grain. We highly encourage contributions that delve into smart grain systems, artificial intelligence techniques, and information technology.

This Special Issue aims to delve into the advancements, challenges, and opportunities pertaining to various aspects of the food system, including food harvesting, storage, transportation, and processing, with a strong focus on improving efficiency, sustainability, and overall management.

In this Special Issue, original research articles and reviews are welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following: grain harvesting; processing technology; grain storage; smart grain and smart grain systems; artificial intelligence; and information technology.

Prof. Dr. Wenfu Wu
Dr. Jun Yin
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • food quality and security
  • food production and processing technology
  • grain harvesting, postharvest control, and harvest losses
  • grain storage and management
  • grain condition and detection system
  • stored grain ecosystems and eco-concept of stored grain
  • multi-field interaction and multi-factor coupling (abiotic and biotic constituents)
  • smart grain, smart farming, and smart grain systems
  • artificial intelligence (numerical simulation, machine deep learning, expert systems, artificial neural networks, etc.)
  • information technology (digital twin, big data, database management, software development and applications, cloud computing and virtualization, etc.)

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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16 pages, 2140 KiB  
Article
Desorption and Sorption Isotherms of Different Varieties of Hemp Seeds with Different Percentages of Dockage under Different Temperatures and Different Relative Humidities
by Abhinav Tiwari and Fuji Jian
Agriculture 2023, 13(10), 1959; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13101959 - 08 Oct 2023
Viewed by 710
Abstract
Hemp cultivation faces challenges due to the adoption of dioecious cultivars, which suffer from biomass loss and fibre heterogeneity. In contrast, monoecious cultivars offer simultaneous fibre and seed production, albeit with lower fibre quality. Understanding the drying characteristics and storage requirements of hemp [...] Read more.
Hemp cultivation faces challenges due to the adoption of dioecious cultivars, which suffer from biomass loss and fibre heterogeneity. In contrast, monoecious cultivars offer simultaneous fibre and seed production, albeit with lower fibre quality. Understanding the drying characteristics and storage requirements of hemp seeds is crucial for effective post-harvest management. This study explored the moisture sorption and desorption isotherms of two common Canadian hemp seed varieties, Altair (dioecious) and CanMa (monoecious), by using both saturated salt solution (SSS) and thin-layer drying methods. Their isotherms were also compared with the published isotherm of Finola—a common dioecious variety in Europe. The thin-layer drying method yielded higher EMC values than the SSS method due to incomplete equilibrium attainment. Larger EMC differences existed between different seed types (dioecious vs. monoecious), and this difference was small between the same seed types (dioecious vs. dioecious). The GAB equation provided the most accurate prediction of equilibrium moisture contents for both varieties. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Grain Harvesting, Processing Technology, and Storage Management)
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16 pages, 2296 KiB  
Article
The Effect of Drying Variables on the Microwave–Vacuum-Drying Characteristics of Mulberries (Morus alba L.): Experiments and Multivariate Models
by Yuyang Cong, Yang Liu, Yurong Tang, Jiale Ma, Xingyu Wang, Shuai Shen and Hong Zhang
Agriculture 2023, 13(9), 1843; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13091843 - 20 Sep 2023
Viewed by 919
Abstract
It is easy to cause increases in temperature and the gasification of water in materials, facilitated via supercharging and the generation of instantaneous strong pressure under the collaborative action of a microwave and a vacuum, thus facilitating the internal cell swelling of materials, [...] Read more.
It is easy to cause increases in temperature and the gasification of water in materials, facilitated via supercharging and the generation of instantaneous strong pressure under the collaborative action of a microwave and a vacuum, thus facilitating the internal cell swelling of materials, changes in fibre structures, and the formation of loose and uniform microstructures. In this experiment, mulberries were dehydrated using microwave–vacuum drying technology. The drying characteristics were disclosed by using crispness as the evaluation index and multiple drying parameters (e.g., products’ surface temperature, microwave power, chamber vacuum level and drying height) as the control variables. The optimised Two-term model can predict the dehydration process of mulberries under multiple drying variables, as determined through the experimental data. The optimal drying variables were determined according to the crispness of the dried mulberries. The optimal puffing quality of mulberries could be gained under a product surface temperature = 50 °C, microwave power = 5.45 W/g, a chamber vacuum level = 0.08 MPa and a drying height = 0 cm. The diffusion coefficient of the available water of the mulberries during the microwave–vacuum drying process ranges from 4.98 × 10−8 to 3.81 × 10−7, and the activation energy for drying is 183.923 KJ/mol. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Grain Harvesting, Processing Technology, and Storage Management)
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Review

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13 pages, 1934 KiB  
Review
Progress and Prospective in the Development of Stored Grain Ecosystems in China: From Composition, Structure, and Smart Construction to Wisdom Methodology
by Yunshandan Wu, Wenfu Wu, Kai Chen, Ji Zhang, Zhe Liu and Yaqiu Zhang
Agriculture 2023, 13(9), 1724; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13091724 - 31 Aug 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1175
Abstract
Food security is intrinsically linked to maintaining optimal physical health and promoting active lifestyles. Stored Grain Ecosystems (SGEs) are complex systems comprising a range of grains, microorganisms, and environmental elements. To ensure sustainable grain storage and promote food-friendly SGEs, careful regulation and monitoring [...] Read more.
Food security is intrinsically linked to maintaining optimal physical health and promoting active lifestyles. Stored Grain Ecosystems (SGEs) are complex systems comprising a range of grains, microorganisms, and environmental elements. To ensure sustainable grain storage and promote food-friendly SGEs, careful regulation and monitoring of these factors are vital. This review traces the evolution of the Eco-concept of stored grain in China, focusing on micro- and macro-structural composition, the Multi-field/Re-coupling structure, and Smart Construction of SGEs, while introducing the four development lines and Wisdom Methodology of SGEs. The current status and challenges of SGEs in China are also discussed. The Eco-concept of stored grain in China has progressed through the initial exploration period, formation and practice periods, and has now entered its fourth stage, marked by a shift to include interactions of multiple biological fields. This evolution extends beyond the traditional binary relationship and offers emerging technologies greater scope for scientific and intelligent theoretical analysis of grain storage practices. The Wisdom Methodology employs a multifaceted, Mechanism and Data-driven approach, incorporating four driving methods, and is now widely recognized as a leading strategy for researching Smart Grain Systems. Digital Twin technology enables precise simulations and mappings of real-world SGEs in a virtual environment, supporting accurate assessments and early warnings for issues concerning grain conditions. Driven by Mechanism and Data, Digital Twin solutions are a pioneering trend and emerging hotspot with vast potential for enhancing the intelligence and wisdom of future grain storage processes. Overall, this review provides valuable guidance to practitioners for advancing high-quality Smart Grain Systems, enhancing sustainable and intelligent grain storage practices. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Grain Harvesting, Processing Technology, and Storage Management)
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