Identification and Management of Fungal Plant Pathogens

A special issue of Agriculture (ISSN 2077-0472). This special issue belongs to the section "Crop Protection, Diseases, Pests and Weeds".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 May 2024 | Viewed by 1644

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute–National Research Institute, Radzikow, 05-870 Blonie, Poland
Interests: fungi; pathogens; crop protection; pest control; biodiversity; IPM; epidemiology; virulence; resistance; plant breeding

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Guest Editor
Department of Pest Monitoring and Reporting, Institute of Plant Protection–National Research Institute, 20 Władysława Węgorka, 60-318 Poznań, Poland
Interests: fungal diseases management; diseases control; integrated crops control (Decision Support Systems; IPM); biodiversity; variety/species mixtures

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Plants provide over 80% of the food consumed by humans, and are the primary source of nutrition for livestock. However, plant diseases and pests often threaten the availability and safety of plants for human and animal consumption. Global yield losses of important staple crops are reaching hundreds of billions of euros. Plant diseases and pests can radically influence the availability of healthy food all around the world. In food production, holistic measures to control plant diseases are needed. In many agricultural areas, fungal plant pathogens may be a source of harmful mycotoxins. For the modeling and development of efficient and environmentally friendly management strategies of fungal plant pathogens, highly effective pathogen identification and monitoring methods have to be developed and applied.

Information about the newest identification and management research on the control of fungal plant pathogens is crucial for providing growing human population food safety and security in climate change conditions.

This Special Issue focuses on the Identification and Management of Fungal Plant Pathogens. It will include interdisciplinary studies embracing biology, chemistry and engineering, and will cover field crops as well vegetable and ornamental crops. All types of articles, such as original research papers, opinions, and reviews, are welcome.

Prof. Dr. Elżbieta Czembor
Prof. Dr. Anna Tratwal
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agriculture is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • fungal plant management
  • fungal pathogens: identification, monitoring, virulence
  • fungal diseases: diagnosis, epidemiology
  • mycotoxins
  • crop protection: biocontrol, plant breeding, IPM, DSS
  • IT platform
  • molecular technologies
  • biodiversity
  • climate change

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

19 pages, 841 KiB  
Article
The Biocontrol of Plant Pathogenic Fungi by Selected Lactic Acid Bacteria: From Laboratory to Field Study
by Romuald Gwiazdowski, Krzysztof Kubiak, Krzysztof Juś, Katarzyna Marchwińska and Daniela Gwiazdowska
Agriculture 2024, 14(1), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture14010061 - 28 Dec 2023
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Abstract
Plant diseases caused by pathogenic fungi generate large losses in crops and pose a threat to human and animal health. Since the European Green Deal put a strong emphasis on the need to reduce the use of chemical plant protection, interest in biological [...] Read more.
Plant diseases caused by pathogenic fungi generate large losses in crops and pose a threat to human and animal health. Since the European Green Deal put a strong emphasis on the need to reduce the use of chemical plant protection, interest in biological control has been growing. The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from silages in the control of pathogenic fungi through in vitro, mini-plot, and field experiments. The tested LAB showed antifungal activity in vitro towards strains from the Fusarium, Alternaria, Rhizoctonia, Colletotrichum, and Sclerotinia genera; however, only five strains reached an activity ≥ 400 AU/mL towards all pathogenic fungi. The selected strains demonstrated high efficacy in reducing disease symptoms in plants in the mini-plot and field experiments. In the mini-plot experiment, stem smut of rye and wheat common bunt were reduced in the range 34.5–94.7% and 24.8–99.6%, respectively. In the field experiments, the efficacy of LAB in the control of rye and wheat disease differed and reached over 90% in some trials. The effectiveness of LAB in the control of seedling blight did not exceed 70%. A significant increase in yield (from 42.86 to 195.65%) was observed mainly in wheat cultivation. The increase in rye yield was observed only in chosen trials. No phytotoxicity was observed. The results indicate the potential possibilities of using LAB as a biocontrol agent. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Identification and Management of Fungal Plant Pathogens)
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