Special Issue "Pesticides and Insecticides Derived from Phytoproducts, and Eco-Friendly Nanoparticles: Sustainable Agriculture Management"

A special issue of Agriculture (ISSN 2077-0472). This special issue belongs to the section "Agricultural Systems and Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 10 August 2023 | Viewed by 869

Special Issue Editors

1. Unit of Phytochemistry and Nanotechnology, Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nadar 608002, Tamil Nadu, India
2. Unit of Natural Products and Nanotechnology, Department of Zoology, Government College for Women (Autonomous), Kumbakonam 612001, Tamil Nadu, India
Interests: phytochemistry; natural products; nanotechnology; eco-friendly pest management; natural insecticide
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Department of Zoology, Government Arts College, Nandanam, Chennai 600035, Tamilnadu, India
Interests: entomotoxicity; natural pesticides; nano encapsulations; insect physiology; cytotoxicity
Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, AVC Collete (Autonomous), Mannampandal, Mayiladuthurai 609305, Tamil Nadu, India
Interests: entomology; metals; nanotechnology; phytoproducts; bioactivity; ecotoxicology; conservation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Tropical agriculture uses synthetic pesticides, posing health and environmental dangers. Synthetic agents "pollute" the environment by "raising" agricultural productivity. Nitrogenous fertilizers such as urea and ammonium sulphate increase soil acidity in tropical crops. Tropical agriculture pollutes agroecosystems with pesticides and heavy metals. Synthetic chemicals may quickly penetrate water and food systems, endangering people and other non-target animals. Organic farming protects the environment. Synthetic insecticides in agriculture also reintroduce pests. This terrible circumstance requires a different approach. Plants have developed biological substances to reduce insect harm over millions of years. These bioactive substances are pesticides, antifeedants, insect growth regulators, juvenile hormones, ecdysones, repellents, attractants, etc. Green insecticides may replace chemical pesticides since plant molecules can perform many functions. Plants can be used to produce safe, eco-friendly nanoparticles, according to recent research. Several efforts have been made to create innovative green synthesis methods in recent decades. Living organisms may be used to manufacture nanoparticles for agroindustry and healthcare in many ways.

This Special Issue focuses on managing sustainable agriculture using phytoproduct-based pesticides, insecticides, and environmentally friendly nanoparticles. For this reason, it encourages high-quality studies that span a wide range of disciplines, such as those devoted to agriculture, pest management, vector control, biologically mediated insect management, dynamics of pest and predator populations, plant extracts, phytocompounds, eco-friendly nanoparticles, and sustainable agricultural practices. Articles and reviews based on original research are welcome.

Dr. Marimuthu Govindarajan
Dr. Kuppusamy Elumalai
Dr. Jeganathan Pandiyan
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agriculture is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • plant extracts
  • bioactive molecules
  • greener nanoparticles
  • pest management
  • insect control
  • microbial insecticide
  • repellents
  • natural pesticides
  • biological control
  • agropopulation dynamics
  • metal and metal oxide nanoparticles
  • agroecology
  • sustainable agriculture
  • agroeconomics
  • organic agriculture
  • biofarming

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Insecticidal Potential of Matricaria chamomilla’s Essential Oil and Its Components (E)-β-Farnesene, Germacrene D, and α-Bisabolol Oxide A against Agricultural Pests, Malaria, and Zika Virus Vectors
Agriculture 2023, 13(4), 779; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13040779 - 28 Mar 2023
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Agricultural and medical insect pests are damaging edible crops, spreading diseases, and harming non-target fauna and flora. Prominent polyphagous insect pests harass farmers in the agronomy sector, causing uncountable revenue corrosion. Ecofriendly phytopesticides can avoid the consequences of the bulk usage of synthetic [...] Read more.
Agricultural and medical insect pests are damaging edible crops, spreading diseases, and harming non-target fauna and flora. Prominent polyphagous insect pests harass farmers in the agronomy sector, causing uncountable revenue corrosion. Ecofriendly phytopesticides can avoid the consequences of the bulk usage of synthetic chemicals. In this study, the toxic effect on third-instar larvae of four different insect species (Spodoptera litura, Helicoverpa armigera, Aedes vittatus, and Anopheles subpictus) and the bio-toxicity on non-target fauna (NTF) (Stegodyphus sarasinorum and Gambusia affinis) were evaluated using Matricaria chamomilla (Mc) essential oil (EO) and its major phytoconstituents (Mc-MPCs). GC–MS analysis of the studied M. chamomilla EO gathered 39 constituents, with (E)-β-Farnesene (24.3%), Germacrene D (9.4%), and α-Bisabolol oxide A (10.2%) accounting for the major constituents. Remarkable larval death was seen in H. armigera and Ae. vittatus. In addition, (E)-β-Farnesene, Germacrene D, and α-Bisabolol oxide A exhibited a relevant maximum toxic effect on the target pest’s third-instar larvae. The bio-toxicity of M. chamomilla EO and Mc-MPCs was tested on terrestrial and aquatic NTF. The LC50 values for S. sarasinorum and G. affinis ranged from 922.65 to 1750.49 µg/mL. M. chamomilla EO and its MPCs evidenced prospective phytopesticidal efficiency on selected agricultural and medical insect pests. Full article
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