Effects of Policy and Climate on Farm Structure, Income, Productivity and Food Security

A special issue of Agriculture (ISSN 2077-0472). This special issue belongs to the section "Agricultural Economics, Policies and Rural Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2023) | Viewed by 8147

Special Issue Editors


E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
Interests: socioeconomic resilience and sustainability of rural regions; performance management; consumer behavior; development of business in unfavorable conditions; shadow economy
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Economics and Rural Development, Lithuanian Centre for Social Science, Vilnius, Lithuania
Interests: agriculture; common agricultural policy; resilience; sustainability; sustainable development; MCDM; subsidies; direct payments
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Agriculture and food systems are some of the most sensitive sectors of the economy to various external factors. Some of the most discussed are increasing climate change and various economic and political turbulences related to pandemics, wars etc., which have contributed the most to the ongoing challenges requiring significant reorganization in established agricultural activities. However, they are not the only ones posing serious threats to the economic performance of agricultural entities. Agriculture is also an economic branch that is not very flexible to transformation and change. It is not a secret that agriculture is one of the most supported branches of economics, and this is not without reason. However, these days, when humanity, including Europe, has again faced the threat of food security, it is very important to observe and analyze structural changes in farms caused by political decisions, climate impact and the dynamics of farm income and productivity in conditions of instability.

The paradigm of food security was first mentioned at the 1974 World Food Conference, and then again at the first World Food Summit, held in 1996, when it was stated that food security "exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life." Since then, the concept of food security is transforming and changing; its scope is expanding, as agriculture and food systems face more and more new challenges. The Green Deal is an important signpost in our current affairs, but the ability to increase productivity, find a balanced farm structure, maintain a stable income and at the same time be able to protect the environment and natural resources is a difficult task for farmers and food producers. Such evaluations require various theoretical and empirical studies, which could not only statistically measure regularities but also determine causal relationships and consequences in the face of changing policies and climate change. That is exactly what this Special Issue is dedicated to.

Dr. Mangirdas Morkunas
Dr. Artiom Volkov
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agriculture is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • farming
  • food security
  • sustainability
  • resilience
  • food systems
  • agricultural policy
  • income
  • productivity
  • farm structure
  • financial support

Published Papers (3 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

17 pages, 2106 KiB  
Article
The Impact of Climate Change on the Urban–Rural Income Gap in China
by Yifeng Xie, Haitao Wu and Ruikuan Yao
Agriculture 2023, 13(9), 1703; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13091703 - 29 Aug 2023
Viewed by 1206
Abstract
Based on the annual average climate data and economic and social data from 262 prefecture-level cities in China from 2001 to 2019, this paper explores the impact of climate change on urban–rural income inequality and its mechanisms using fixed-effects (FEs) and mediated-effects (MEs) [...] Read more.
Based on the annual average climate data and economic and social data from 262 prefecture-level cities in China from 2001 to 2019, this paper explores the impact of climate change on urban–rural income inequality and its mechanisms using fixed-effects (FEs) and mediated-effects (MEs) models. This study finds that (1) climate change has an inverted U-shaped relationship with the urban–rural income disparity; (2) climate change can affect the urban–rural income disparity by influencing urban and rural income levels, the regional degree of urbanization, and the labor force employment structure; (3) the impact of climate change on the urban–rural income gap is heterogeneous in East, Center, and West China; and (4) extreme heat can widen the urban–rural income gap, and extreme drought can narrow the urban–rural income gap. Climate change has a significant impact on the urban–rural income gap, and there is a need to continue to promote urbanization and the optimization of the employment structure of the workforce, reduce the vulnerability of rural residents to climate change, and narrow the urban–rural income gap. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

17 pages, 293 KiB  
Article
Effect of Micro-Credit for Poverty Alleviation on Income Growth and Poverty Alleviation—Empirical Evidence from Rural Areas in Hebei, China
by Shuangming Yin, Xiaojuan Chen, Xiangyu Zhou, Chao Chen and Jianxu Liu
Agriculture 2023, 13(5), 1018; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13051018 - 06 May 2023
Viewed by 2732
Abstract
Micro-credit for poverty alleviation is an important financial measure of targeted poverty reduction and rural revitalization in China. This paper employs the OLS model and Logit model to empirically test the effect of micro-credit for poverty alleviation on the income level and stability [...] Read more.
Micro-credit for poverty alleviation is an important financial measure of targeted poverty reduction and rural revitalization in China. This paper employs the OLS model and Logit model to empirically test the effect of micro-credit for poverty alleviation on the income level and stability of income growth of farmers based on the field survey data of 458 registered poverty-stricken farmer households in Fuping County and Quyang County of Hebei Province. The results suggest that micro-credit for poverty alleviation can increase farmers’ income, stabilize the growth of their income, and exert significant short-term and long-term effects on income growth and poverty alleviation. The specialized farmer cooperatives, the scale of production and operation, the proportion of family labor force, and the education level of the head of the farmer’s household exert a significantly positive effect on the farmers’ income and the stable growth of their income. There is a significant interaction between micro-credit for poverty alleviation and specialized farmer cooperatives. The physical conditions of family members exert a negative effect on the stable growth of their income, and other financing channels have no significant effect. Full article
15 pages, 528 KiB  
Article
The Relationship between Financial Literacy and Income Structure of Rural Farm Households: Evidence from Jiangsu, China
by Huidan Xu, Kun Song, Yichao Li and Martinson Ankrah Twumasi
Agriculture 2023, 13(3), 711; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13030711 - 18 Mar 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 3593
Abstract
Improving the income of rural residents is a requirement for poverty alleviation in all countries. Based on China Land Economic Survey (CLES) 2021 data, this paper investigates the homogenous and heterogeneous relations between financial literacy and the income structure of rural farm households. [...] Read more.
Improving the income of rural residents is a requirement for poverty alleviation in all countries. Based on China Land Economic Survey (CLES) 2021 data, this paper investigates the homogenous and heterogeneous relations between financial literacy and the income structure of rural farm households. It finds that financial literacy is significantly related to farmers’ income levels, which still holds after the robustness testing. Regarding the structure of household income, financial literacy has a more profound association with farmers’ property income than wage income. Moreover, it has a relatively weak impact on transfer income with significance. Financial literacy has a more significant role in increasing the income of farmers with higher income levels than lower income levels. Moreover, it has different impacts on the income structure of different income groups. Therefore, this paper suggests that the government should co-operate with county-seated financial institutions to provide farmers with regular financial literacy education. Full article
Show Figures

Figure A1

Back to TopTop