Special Issue "Preharvest and Postharvest Factors Influencing Biological Active Compounds in Horticultural Commodities"

A special issue of Agriculture (ISSN 2077-0472). This special issue belongs to the section "Agricultural Technology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 November 2023 | Viewed by 657

Special Issue Editor

Department of Ornamental Plants, Dendrology and Pomology, Poznan University of Life Science, ul. Dąbrowskiego 159, 60-594 Poznań, Poland
Interests: fruit production; fruit storage; engineering horticulture; bioactive compounds; processing; polyphenols; postharvest quality; edible flowers; anthocyanins; frost resistance; harvest date prediction; active temperatures; fruit quality; color development; orchard replantation; fertilization
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Fruits and flowers are one of the most important sources of biologically active compounds in the human diet. Although these products have been in the human diet for thousands of years, interest in them was only widespread in the twenty-first century. Many new compounds were discovered during this time and previously known ones were tested to learn about their effects.

There has long been the belief that during storage it is impossible to improve the quality of fruit or other horticultural products. However, many studies indicate that this rule does not apply to biologically active compounds. During storage, substances dissolved in cell juice are concentrated due to water loss. This may mean that, after removing the products from the cold store, they have a greater oxidation reduction potential than immediately after harvesting. The increase in the content of some compounds may be due to natural ripening processes. There are many compounds that are secondary metabolites. Poor storage conditions can also cause the content of these desirable compounds to decrease; however, the greatest influences on the accumulation of beneficial substances were factors of production. Weather conditions during vegetation, plant protection treatments, and other agrotechnical treatments will affect many chemical processes occurring in the plant. It is also not without significance that the harvest date, harvesting technique, and handling of the harvested crop are correctly determined. 

Prof. Dr. Grzegorz Lysiak
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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  • phenolic compounds
  • organic acids
  • anthocyanins
  • antioxidant capacity
  • vitamins
  • pectin
  • storage condition
  • optimum harvest date

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Estimating the Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Hardy Kiwi (Actinidia arguta) Treated with 1-Methylcyclopropene during Storage
Agriculture 2023, 13(9), 1665; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13091665 - 23 Aug 2023
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In fruit storage, new methods are being sought to extend the distribution period while maintaining the highest quality parameters of the fruit, i.e., the physical and chemical characteristics of the fruit, but also the health-promoting properties. One method is to treat the fruit [...] Read more.
In fruit storage, new methods are being sought to extend the distribution period while maintaining the highest quality parameters of the fruit, i.e., the physical and chemical characteristics of the fruit, but also the health-promoting properties. One method is to treat the fruit with 1-MCP, which effectively inhibits fruit ripening, since the main reasons for limiting the distribution of minikiwi fruit are rapid ripening and the loss of firmness. It is also highlighted that minikiwi is a source of antioxidants, which, as highly reactive compounds, are quickly degraded during storage. This study evaluates the effectiveness of using 1-MCP to reduce minikiwi softening and maintain the high antioxidant properties of the fruit. In the experiment, minikiwi fruits of the ‘Ananasnaya’ cultivar were used. After harvesting, the fruits were treated with 1-methylcyclopropene at a concentration of 0.65 µL/L. Fruits treated in this way were stored in ordinary cold storage (NA) and under low oxygen concentration (ULO) conditions for a period of 12 weeks. The fruits’ physicochemical properties, sugar and acid contents and antioxidant potential, which consisted of ascorbic acid, polyphenols, phenolic acids, flavonols and flavan-3-ols, were evaluated. The application of 1-MCP is effective in reducing the loss of firmness in the minikiwi during storage, but the blocking of minikiwi ripening by 1-MCP makes the fruit less sweet and more acidic. Fruits treated with 1-MCP had higher antioxidant activity and a higher content of biologically active compounds. The effect of 1-MCP is stronger for flavan-3-ols, but slightly weaker for phenolic acids. Fruits treated with 1-MCP have a higher antioxidant potential than untreated fruit after a long period of storage. Full article

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Preliminary fruit evaluation of new apple hybrids bred at WULS
Authors: Ewa Szpadzik
Affiliation: Warsaw University of Life Sinces

Title: Effect of exogenous GA4+7 gibberellins on yield and fruit quality of pear cultivars 'Conference' and 'Sobieski'
Authors: Ewa Szpadzik
Affiliation: Warsaw University of Life Sciences

Title: The quality of blue honeysuckle berries stored in controlled and modified atmosphere
Authors: Bojarska Justyna; Markuszewski Bogumił; Bieniek Anna; Majewska Katarzyna; Józefowicz Wioletta
Affiliation: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Faculty of Food Science and Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry

Title: Apple quality during shelf life after long-term storage and shipping time
Authors: Maria Małachowska; Kazimierz Tomala
Affiliation: Warsaw University of Life Sciences

Title: 1. Estimating the physicochemical and antioxidant properties of kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta) treated with 1-MCP during storage
Authors: Krupa Tomasz; Andrii Kistechok; Tomala Kazimierz
Affiliation: Warsaw University of Life Sciences

Title: 2. Characteristics of the chemical composition of apples growing in central Poland: the effect of cultivar and growing season
Authors: Andrii Kistechok; Dariusz Wrona; Tomasz Krupa
Affiliation: Warsaw University of Life Scinces

Title: Fruit quality of new haskap varieties after short-term storage in different conditions
Authors: Blaszczyk Jan; Bieniasz Monika
Affiliation: Agriculture University Cracow

Title: Exogenus gibberelins affect setting, development, and quality of 'Golden Delicious' fruits
Authors: Przeybyłko Sebastian
Affiliation: Warsaw University of Life Sciences

Title: Cluster removal as an agrotechnical treatment improving the yield parameters of several grapevine cultivars growing in the cold climatic zone conditions of the Lublin Upland
Authors: Szymon Podhajny; Grzegorz Mikiciuk; Tymoteusz Miller; Artur Dubaj
Affiliation: West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin

Title: Fruit quality of new haskap berry varieties after short-term storage under different conditions.
Authors: Błaszczyk Jan; Bieniasz Monika
Affiliation: Crakow Agricultural University

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