Special Issue "Human Behaviors in Space Exploration Mission"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2023) | Viewed by 4618
If you are discussing astronauts’ behavior, you must always mention at least three issues.
One is permanent stress caused by the threat to life and health, sensory and social deprivation, monotony, isolation and confinement. Therefore, when we speak about astronauts, we have to speak about coping with stress. Their behavior is determined by the effectiveness of their coping strategies, by their choice to avoid stress, to escape or to resolve the existing problems.
The second issue is the objective of every space flight. It is not an objective of the traveler, just to observe. They have to work in space to survive, to run life-supporting systems in their spaceship. Therefore, discussing behavior in space, we cannot help but mention professional performance and all the factors that determine success. They are cognitive skills, stamina, resilience, motivation, etc. Monitoring of the astronaut inflight is always targeted at their working capacity, performance mistakes, fatigue, sleep quality, etc.
The third issue is teamwork. Now, on the ISS, we have cross-cultural mixed-gender crews of at least four people that have to cooperate, avoid conflicts and behave as a cohesive team. They also should effectively interact with Mission Control Center specialists, that, on the one hand, give the crew recommendations, helping it to live and perform, but, on the other hand, they are astronaut supervisors, monitoring all their mistakes, both in behavior and performance. Therefore, the crew member, communicating with Earth, always takes into consideration that his future career depends on the opinion of MCC.
Finally, speaking about astronauts’ behavior, countermeasures must be taken into account, so-called psychological support. Thus, we also have to discuss how these measures work as well as when and how to use them.
Articles devoted to these issues are especially valuable now when human astronautics is preparing for the next step in its development, to interplanetary flights. We know now how to behave and perform in low Earth orbit but we need answers for how to live and work on another planets.
Dr. Vadim Gushin
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- space stress
- professional performance
- team work
- crew communication