Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship

A special issue of Administrative Sciences (ISSN 2076-3387). This special issue belongs to the section "International Entrepreneurship".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2020) | Viewed by 46052

Special Issue Editors

Institute Polytechnic of Setúbal and CEFAGE, University of Évora, 7000-812 Évora, Portugal
Interests: entrepreneurship; innovation; internationalization; services (tourism)
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Research Center in Business Sciences, University of Beira Interior and NECE, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
Interests: entrepreneurship; innovation; technological entrepreneurship

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The research on innovation management and entrepreneurship proposes distinctive perspectives. Will be possible to find an explicit focus is on innovative entrepreneurial activity and especially on high growth innovative firms. But also we can see some research that emphasis the influence of public policies and local and regional environments and the conditions required to generate and support ambitious entrepreneurship and also interactions between framework conditions and local/regional geographical environments.

These several perspectives allows the inclusion of different topics, such as, ‘regional development and smart cities’, ‘innovation’, ‘cluster’ policies’, ‘technology transfer’, ‘business incubators’, ‘entrepreneurial universities’, ‘triple helix’, ‘academic spin-offs’, ‘creative territories’, ‘digital ecosystems’, ‘public policies and innovation’, ‘innovative firms’, ‘KIBS’, ‘high tech firms’, etc.

Several researchers worldwide have been studying the subjects of the entrepreneurship and innovation and contributions are multidisciplinary and diverse, as well as their topics of interest.

OBJECTIVE OF THE SPECIAL ISSUE:

The Special Issue Innovation management and entrepreneurship aims to create a space for reflection and discussion on topics of entrepreneurship and innovation management attending to the several perspectives on literature, but also empirical studies and case studies.

RECOMMENDED TOPICS:

Topics to be discussed in this special issue include (but are not limited to) the following:

  1. Public policies to promote entrepreneurial ecosystems and innovation
  2. Regional development, smart cities and ICT
  3. Cluster’ policies and digital entrepreneurship
  4. Business incubators and e-incubation
  5. Entrepreneurial universities and eLearning
  6. Triple helix
  7. Academic spin-offs
  8. Creative territories
  9. Digital ecosystems
  10. Entrepreneurship, innovation and creation of regional value: Cases sectors / companies with regional impact - industry, services, agriculture - encompassed by level of technology, business size, industry structure, property type.
  11. Internationalization of entrepreneurial ecosystems
  12. Business Models
  13. E-Business Models
  14. Barriers and challenges of entrepreneurship and innovation
  15. Case studies on entrepreneurship and innovation
  16. Role of internet and other ICTs in entrepreneurship and innovation
  17. Other topics considered relevant

Prof. Luísa Cagica Carvalho
Prof. Maria José Madeira
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a double-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Administrative Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Innovation management
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Entrepreneurial ecosystems

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Editorial

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5 pages, 232 KiB  
Editorial
Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship—Introduction
Adm. Sci. 2021, 11(3), 73; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci11030073 - 20 Jul 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 3242
Abstract
Entrepreneurship and innovation are positively related (Zhao 2005; Kyvik 2018; Sant et al [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship)

Research

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17 pages, 349 KiB  
Article
Generation Z and Key-Factors on E-Commerce: A Study on the Portuguese Tourism Sector
Adm. Sci. 2020, 10(4), 103; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci10040103 - 14 Dec 2020
Cited by 25 | Viewed by 8543
Abstract
In recent years, tourism has experienced remarkable growth worldwide. This sector is rapidly becoming the main export activity and the most important source of GDP growth in several countries. In Portugal, it represented around 19.7% of exports in 2019. The internet and online [...] Read more.
In recent years, tourism has experienced remarkable growth worldwide. This sector is rapidly becoming the main export activity and the most important source of GDP growth in several countries. In Portugal, it represented around 19.7% of exports in 2019. The internet and online platforms contributed decisively to this growth. Generation Z already represents a considerable portion of society and, in the coming years, will become the central consumer segment. With this research, we intend to identify the key factors in the decision to purchase online, in Generation Z individuals, in the Portuguese tourism sector. We carried out a characterization of the sector, a bibliographic review and the identification of key variables. We applied a structured questionnaire to a sample of 233 individuals aged between 10 and 25 years. Subsequently, the data were processed using descriptive methodologies and association tests between variables. The key factors in the decision to purchase tourism products/services in Generation Z are Trust, Price, the use of aggregating websites, WOM/EWOM, the Offer of products/services online and the Online experience. In the opposite direction, it was given less importance to Convenience, Reviews on tourism websites, Tourism Advertising, Social networking and the possibility of Canceling the reservation. This study allows us to establish the bases for future research, to help researchers to understand Generation Z consumption habits. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship)
19 pages, 552 KiB  
Article
Linking Structural Empowerment to Employee-Driven Innovation: The Mediating Role of Psychological Empowerment
Adm. Sci. 2020, 10(3), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci10030042 - 13 Jul 2020
Cited by 16 | Viewed by 6924
Abstract
This paper aims to link structural empowerment to employee-driven innovation (EDI) with psychological empowerment as a mediation mechanism. Recently, there has been an increase in interest in utilizing all sources of knowledge in an organization to stimulate innovation among all employees. A clear [...] Read more.
This paper aims to link structural empowerment to employee-driven innovation (EDI) with psychological empowerment as a mediation mechanism. Recently, there has been an increase in interest in utilizing all sources of knowledge in an organization to stimulate innovation among all employees. A clear understanding of some of the mechanisms used to achieve this is needed. The paper applies a quantitative approach based on two studies. Study 1 involved a total of 228 employees in a public sector organization, while study 2 involved 60 employees from a private sector organization. We employed structural equation modeling to test the hypothesized relationships among the variables. It was determined that both structural empowerment and psychological empowerment have a direct positive association with EDI. Second, the relationship between structural empowerment and EDI was partially mediated by psychological empowerment. EDI can only happen in an organization if employers and managers empower the ordinary employees to not only generate creative ideas but also to participate in its development and implementation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship)
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36 pages, 2020 KiB  
Article
Survival and Growth in Innovative Technology Entrepreneurship: A Mixed-Methods Investigation
Adm. Sci. 2020, 10(3), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci10030039 - 08 Jul 2020
Cited by 21 | Viewed by 10806
Abstract
Innovative technology enterprises are recognized internationally as an important pillar in modern economic activity. This paper presents the findings from a research combining qualitative and quantitative methods, with the specific goal of identifying and verifying the characteristics that affect their survival and growth. [...] Read more.
Innovative technology enterprises are recognized internationally as an important pillar in modern economic activity. This paper presents the findings from a research combining qualitative and quantitative methods, with the specific goal of identifying and verifying the characteristics that affect their survival and growth. Results from an in-depth longitudinal qualitative case study, that examines a mature and constantly growing (in its 10-year operation) technologically innovative enterprise, reveal that a number of characteristics pertaining to both the profile of the entrepreneurial team, as well as of the employees, significantly affect company survival and growth in this context. Moreover, we recognize and analyze three stages in its evolution: an initial “evolutionary” growth (infancy and youth), followed by a “revolutionary” (crisis), and a second “evolutionary” (maturity) stage. Our findings are further corroborated and enriched through a survey with N = 27 entrepreneurs in innovative technology startups. We contribute to existing literature on innovative technology entrepreneurship, by identifying characteristics that entrepreneurs and employees should bear, towards its survival and growth. Moreover, a practical application of the life cycle approach is described for technologically innovative companies. Finally, a specific prescription that can help guide future theoretical and practical endeavors in innovative technology entrepreneurship is also provided accordingly. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship)
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26 pages, 1112 KiB  
Article
Results of SME Investment Activities: A Comparative Analysis among Enterprises Using and Not Using EU Subsidies in Poland
Adm. Sci. 2020, 10(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci10010004 - 08 Jan 2020
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 5014
Abstract
The need to pay some attention to the issues of investment processes undertaken in enterprises and explore this topic is a direct result of the important role that enterprises play in the economy—with particular emphasis on the SMEs. From the company’s point of [...] Read more.
The need to pay some attention to the issues of investment processes undertaken in enterprises and explore this topic is a direct result of the important role that enterprises play in the economy—with particular emphasis on the SMEs. From the company’s point of view, it is crucial to obtain economic effects as a result of the implemented investment. The aim of the study was to analyze the results of tangible investments in enterprises in Małopolska province in Poland, in two groups of entities—those that implemented investments using EU subsidies and those that financed investments from other sources without using EU aid. This is a unique research in the field of analysis and presentation of investment data in enterprises, especially in relation to companies using EU funds. There is no comparative assessment of investments in enterprises on this topic in the scientific literature (concerning EU subsidies). For this reason, comparing the effects of investment activities between the two groups of enterprises studied—using and not using EU subsidies—fills the research gap in this regard. The study was based on the critical analysis of domestic and foreign literature, and quantitative and qualitative analyses of the results of a survey among 160 enterprises using the CSAQ method, additionally extended by interviews with selected respondents. Data presentation uses a descriptive approach in combination with statistical analysis. A multiple linear regression model (MLR) was also used to verify hypotheses. Research results show that undertaking investment activities contributes to obtaining favorable results in enterprises, regardless of the source of investment financing. The source of financing the investment is not important for the results achieved in the enterprise. However, representatives of companies who received EU subsidies assess their market position higher after investment relative to companies that used other sources of financing for this purpose. Entities that have received EU subsidies have a stronger perception of investment as an important factor determining the company’s development. In addition, variables were identified using the MLR model that affect the assessment of the financial position of enterprises in both groups of entities. This article supplements the knowledge on the economic effects of investments implemented by enterprises in the SME sector in Poland in a situation where these entities used and did not benefit from EU subsidies during 2007–2015. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship)
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36 pages, 1897 KiB  
Article
Models, Processes, and Roles of Universities in Technology Transfer Management: A Systematic Review
Adm. Sci. 2019, 9(3), 67; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci9030067 - 06 Sep 2019
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 5144
Abstract
Universities play pivotal roles when research findings are to be adopted commercially. Although these roles vary from one country to another, effective patenting and licensing procedures, as well as eventual commercialisation of scholarly inventions, reflect hard work on the part of the University [...] Read more.
Universities play pivotal roles when research findings are to be adopted commercially. Although these roles vary from one country to another, effective patenting and licensing procedures, as well as eventual commercialisation of scholarly inventions, reflect hard work on the part of the University mediating between the researcher and the industry through technology transfer offices (TTOs) in order to ensure that knowledge-developers take motivational and monetary credit for their findings. This paper details some existing models, processes, and roles taken up in some countries where sharing of intellectual property exists, and links it up with aspects of university–industry technology transfer, such as policies surrounding patenting, government investment and marketing, and the process of academic entrepreneurship, among others. 22 articles were found via a systematic review of literature and analysed with respect to four identified areas of focus: internal strategy, investment and market, academic entrepreneurship and policy. Based on models, processes, and roles in reviewed studies, our results indicate that new models for technology transfer mainly stem from the fact that there is no universally accepted model in the literature. Furthermore, management of technology transfer is mostly the responsibility of TTOs in most countries. While university TTOs act as intermediaries to protect the interest of the author/inventor, issues such as poor relationships between universities and industry, as well as funding, remain major challenges in many emerging economies. In contrast, researchers in western economies are mainly challenged by financial motivation and recognition within the academic domains. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship)
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Review

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21 pages, 2079 KiB  
Review
Performance Analysis and Science Mapping of Institutional Entrepreneurship Research
Adm. Sci. 2020, 10(3), 69; https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci10030069 - 05 Sep 2020
Cited by 29 | Viewed by 5539
Abstract
Institutional entrepreneurship comprises the activities of agents who disrupt existing social institutions or create new ones, often to enable diffusion, especially of radical innovations, in a market. The increased interest in institutional entrepreneurship has produced a large number of scholarly publications, especially in [...] Read more.
Institutional entrepreneurship comprises the activities of agents who disrupt existing social institutions or create new ones, often to enable diffusion, especially of radical innovations, in a market. The increased interest in institutional entrepreneurship has produced a large number of scholarly publications, especially in the last five years. As a consequence, the literature landscape is somewhat complex and scattered. We aim to compile a quantitative overview of the field within business and management research by conducting bibliometric performance analyses and science mappings. We identified the most productive and influential journals, authors, and articles with the highest impact. We found that institutional entrepreneurship has stronger ties to organization studies than to entrepreneurship research. Additionally, a large body of literature at the intersection of institutions and entrepreneurship does not refer to institutional entrepreneurship theory. The science mappings revealed a distinction between theoretical and conceptual research on one hand and applied and empirical research on the other hand. Research clusters reflect the structure–agency problem by focusing on the change agent’s goals and interests, strategies, and specific implementation mechanisms, as well as the relevance of public agents for existing institutions, and a more abstract process rather than agency view. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship)
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