Reprint

The Nuclear Shell Model 70 Years after Its Advent: Achievements and Prospects

Edited by
November 2023
332 pages
  • ISBN978-3-0365-9504-7 (Hardback)
  • ISBN978-3-0365-9505-4 (PDF)

This book is a reprint of the Special Issue The Nuclear Shell Model 70 Years after Its Advent: Achievements and Prospects that was published in

Physical Sciences
Summary

This reprint explores the fascinating world of nuclear physics, focusing on the shell model, which is one the most important concepts for understanding atomic nuclei structure. Within this model, the complexity of the nuclear many-body system is drastically reduced by considering a limited number of nucleons moving in a reduced model space and interacting via effective forces that account for the missing degrees of freedom. Since its birth about 70 years ago, this model has been successfully applied to investigating the rich structure of atomic nuclei, with important implications in astrophysics and physics beyond the standard model. In recent years, experimental tools allow the exploration of regions of the nuclide chart towards the drip lines; this has led to the discovery of new and unexpected phenomena, whose interpretation has required large computation efforts and the development of more efficient codes and has also probed the reliability and robustness of the shell model in describing the behavior of nuclei far from the valley of stability. Substantial progress has also been achieved in deriving effective shell-model interactions from the force between free protons and neutrons, as well as in developing advanced techniques to include the effects of the continuum. This reprint provides an overview of the shell model's status and future developments. It illustrates its versatility and power in understanding the structure of nuclei, including processes related to other branches of physics.

Format
  • Hardback
License
© by the authors
Keywords
Gamow shell model; realistic nuclear forces; phenomenological interactions; resonance; continuum; drip line nuclei; rare isotopes; shell evolution; N = 40 island of inversion; knockout reactions; nuclear structure; low-energy Coulomb excitation; Shell Model; shell evolution; exotic nuclei; shell model; effective interaction; tensor force; spectroscopic factor; effective single-particle energy; nuclear structure; shell model; exotic nuclei; shell evolution; type-II shell evolution; nuclear shape; self-organization; dripline; monopole interaction; monopole-quadrupole interplay; nuclear structure; shell model; magic nuclei; gamma-ray spectroscopy; nuclear shell model; configuration-interaction method; magic numbers; proton drip line; neutron drip line; proton decay; neutron decay; collectivity; islands of inverson; effective charge; shell model; core-collapse supernova; r-process nucleosynthesis; neutrino–nucleus reactions; electron capture; nuclear structure; shell model; seniority; shape coexistence; effective charge; emergent structure; the shell model; 14C beta decay; mirror decay of 14O; isospin symmetry; nuclear shell model; charge symmetry; charge independence; γ-ray spectroscopy; knockout reactions; nuclear shell model calculations; eigenvalue problem; Monte Carlo shell model; quasiparticle-vacua shell model; neutrino properties; double beta decay; nuclear shell model; many-body methods; nuclear shell model; isospin symmetry and its breaking; structure of neutron-deficient nuclei; superallowed Fermi beta decay; fundamental interactions; astrophysical rp-process