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Med. Sci. Forum, 2021, CiiEM 2021

The 5th International Congress of CiiEM—Reducing inequalities in Health and Society

Online | 16–18 June 2021

Volume Editors:
Helena Barroso, Instituto Universitário Egas Moniz, Portugal
Cidália Castro, Instituto Universitário Egas Moniz, Portugal

ISBN 978-3-0365-2237-1 (Hbk); ISBN 978-3-0365-2238-8 (PDF)

Number of Papers: 46

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Cover Story (view full-size image): The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM) took place on 16–18 June 2021, as a multidisciplinary scientific online forum focused on Reducing Inequalities in Health and Society. The [...] Read more.
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3 pages, 190 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Dispensing of Food Supplements in the Treatment and Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections
by Beatriz Setoca and Ana I. Fernandes
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005001 - 9 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1596
Abstract
Urinary tract infections constitute an important public health issue due to recurrence and antibiotic resistance. Currently, antibiotics are the standard therapy but non-antibiotic approaches, such as food supplements, could be beneficial and reduce bacterial resistance. This work aimed at a better understanding of [...] Read more.
Urinary tract infections constitute an important public health issue due to recurrence and antibiotic resistance. Currently, antibiotics are the standard therapy but non-antibiotic approaches, such as food supplements, could be beneficial and reduce bacterial resistance. This work aimed at a better understanding of the perception of health professionals involved in dispensing and counselling, in the community pharmacy, regarding the utility of these products as preventive alternatives and therapeutic approaches. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
3 pages, 320 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Cohesiveness of Powdered Co-Amorphous Olanzapine and Impact on Tablet Production
by Nuno F. da Costa, João F. Pinto and Ana I. Fernandes
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005002 - 9 Jul 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1519
Abstract
The evaluation of the processability of co-amorphous mixtures is of paramount importance since these systems are increasingly used to address the poor solubility presented by most of the drugs in research and development. This work shows that co-amorphous olanzapine powders present higher cohesiveness [...] Read more.
The evaluation of the processability of co-amorphous mixtures is of paramount importance since these systems are increasingly used to address the poor solubility presented by most of the drugs in research and development. This work shows that co-amorphous olanzapine powders present higher cohesiveness than their crystalline counterpart and resulted in the production of tablets with a higher tensile strength and a slower release of the drug. As a result, this work demonstrates that despite the solubility advantages of co-amorphous mixtures, consideration should be given to the downstream processing of formulations containing such materials. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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2 pages, 247 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Can Fused Deposition Modelling Enable the Manufacture of Uniform and Precise Dose Tablets?
by Joana Macedo, Valérie Vanhoorne, Chris Vervaet and João F. Pinto
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005003 - 9 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1397
Abstract
The consistency of a printer to manufacture tablets in a uniform and precise fashion is an important element when considering fused deposition modelling. Blends of polymer [poly(vinyl alcohol)] and drug (paracetamol) in different ratios were considered to evaluate the mass, drug content, dissolution [...] Read more.
The consistency of a printer to manufacture tablets in a uniform and precise fashion is an important element when considering fused deposition modelling. Blends of polymer [poly(vinyl alcohol)] and drug (paracetamol) in different ratios were considered to evaluate the mass, drug content, dissolution performance, and thermal properties of tablets. Relative standard deviations below 5%, for most of the properties considered in the study, demonstrated the high uniformity between tablets within a batch and between batches. Overall, the study confirmed the ability of the technology to manufacture tablets in a reproducible way based on the selected properties. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 218 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Nutraceuticals for Smart Aging and Potential Drug Interactions
by Maria D. Auxtero, Mário Abade, Susana Chalante, Bianca Silva and Ana I. Fernandes
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005004 - 9 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1534
Abstract
The use of nutraceuticals as cognitive enhancers is on the rise and may be especially problematic in polymedicated older patients. The potential of interaction of these products with drugs commonly prescribed to this age group is evaluated in this work, by identification of [...] Read more.
The use of nutraceuticals as cognitive enhancers is on the rise and may be especially problematic in polymedicated older patients. The potential of interaction of these products with drugs commonly prescribed to this age group is evaluated in this work, by identification of mutual targets (enzymes, transporters and receptors). Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
3 pages, 192 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
The Profile of People with Parkinson’s Disease Included in Community Boxing Exercise Programs
by Josefa Domingos, Tamine Capato and Catarina Godinho
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005005 - 10 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1882
Abstract
Exercise is widely recommended for people with Parkinson (PD). Boxing is a popular mode of training. However, including individuals with less favorable profiles may have a negative impact on participation. We performed a systematic review to study the patient characteristics that were included [...] Read more.
Exercise is widely recommended for people with Parkinson (PD). Boxing is a popular mode of training. However, including individuals with less favorable profiles may have a negative impact on participation. We performed a systematic review to study the patient characteristics that were included in boxing exercise programs research and reflect on the possible inclusion criteria that professionals can use for boxing exercise programs. Indications for the best profiles were limited due to the small number of studies. Boxing programs should include people with the diagnosis of PD in earlier stages, independently ambulatory, and without current severe musculoskeletal or cardiovascular conditions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
3 pages, 362 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Assessment of Hyposalivation, Xerostomia, and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Polymedicated Patients
by João Gato Marques, Cecília Rozan, Luís Proença, André Peixoto and Cristina Manso
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005006 - 11 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1719
Abstract
To investigate the self-reported impact of hyposalivation/xerostomia on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) reported by polymedicated patients and evaluate the association between hyposalivation/xerostomia and OHRQoL. A cross-sectional observational study was performed on 40 polymedicated patients selected from the Clínica Dentária Egas Moniz. [...] Read more.
To investigate the self-reported impact of hyposalivation/xerostomia on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) reported by polymedicated patients and evaluate the association between hyposalivation/xerostomia and OHRQoL. A cross-sectional observational study was performed on 40 polymedicated patients selected from the Clínica Dentária Egas Moniz. The subjects signed a consent form, answered a questionnaire to assess xerostomia via the Summated Xerostomia Inventory (SXI-PL) and The Portuguese short version of the Oral Health Impact Profile Questionnaire (OHIP-14sp), and underwent sialometry evaluation. Patients with hyposalivation showed higher scores of SXI-PL (8.60 ± 2.56) and OHIP-14sp (16.0 ± 15.8). These findings suggest an association between hyposalivation and SXI-PL and OHIP-14sp scores (p < 0.05). Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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3 pages, 388 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Evaluation of the Cytotoxic Potential of Adhesives, with Two on the Market: Scotchbond Universal and Optibond Solo Plus, and an Adhesive in the Experimental Phase: T1
by Sofia Santos, Paulo Mascarenhas, Susana Bandarra, Ana Clara Ribeiro, Paulo Maurício and Isabel Barahona
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005007 - 11 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1939
Abstract
In vitro studies evaluating the cytotoxic potential of substances released from dental adhesives are lacking. The purpose of this study was to compare the cytotoxicity of the extracts of dental adhesives Scotchbond Universal and Optibond Solo Plus, and an adhesive in the experimental [...] Read more.
In vitro studies evaluating the cytotoxic potential of substances released from dental adhesives are lacking. The purpose of this study was to compare the cytotoxicity of the extracts of dental adhesives Scotchbond Universal and Optibond Solo Plus, and an adhesive in the experimental phase: T1. 3T3 mouse fibroblast cells and MG-63 osteoblast-like cells from human osteosarcoma were exposed for 24 h to serial extract dilutions. Cytotoxicity was determined using an MTT assay. For both cell lines, the cytotoxicity order obtained, of the unfiltered adhesive extracts, was T1 (less cytotoxic) < Optibond Solo Plus < Scotchbond Universal (most cytotoxic). Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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2 pages, 214 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Xerostomia and Medication in an Elderly Portuguese Population
by Inês Caetano Santos, Fabrícia Martins, Kateryna Rudysh, Luís Proença, Ana Cristina Manso, Mário Polido, José João Mendes and Helena Canhão
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005008 - 12 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2039
Abstract
Xerostomia (dry mouth perception) is a condition that affects mastication, swallowing and speech and increases with age or can be the result of medication or some systemic diseases. The purpose of this exploratory study was to evaluate the prevalence of xerostomia in a [...] Read more.
Xerostomia (dry mouth perception) is a condition that affects mastication, swallowing and speech and increases with age or can be the result of medication or some systemic diseases. The purpose of this exploratory study was to evaluate the prevalence of xerostomia in a local elderly population and its relationship with medication. It was verified that most of the participants have xerostomia, and from these, the majority take medication. Additionally, the prevalence of xerostomia varies with the type of medication taken. The presence of xerostomia was found to be significantly related to the number of medications taken. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 210 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Halitosis Self-Perception and Awareness among Periodontal Patients—An Exploratory Study
by Catarina Izidoro, João Botelho, Vanessa Machado, Luis Proença, Ricardo Alves and José João Mendes
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005009 - 20 Jul 2021
Viewed by 2829
Abstract
Halitosis is an unpleasant breath odor that interferes with self-confidence and with people’s professional and social lives. The aim of this exploratory study was to evaluate the self-perception and awareness of oral malodor among patients with periodontitis. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
3 pages, 203 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Students, Medicines and Performance Consumption: The Online as a Source of Information and Sharing
by Catarina Egreja and Noémia Lopes
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005010 - 20 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1308
Abstract
We aim to reflect on the online as a space to be taken into account in the analysis of sources of information about medicines, as a means of transmitting knowledge and practices among students, by presenting results of a content analysis based on [...] Read more.
We aim to reflect on the online as a space to be taken into account in the analysis of sources of information about medicines, as a means of transmitting knowledge and practices among students, by presenting results of a content analysis based on material collected from blogs and internet forums. We conclude that sharing experiences is central to the validation of and willingness to use these resources. Considering the consequences that may arise from widespread use of the online as a source of information for therapeutic or performance purposes is important. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
3 pages, 381 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Application of Cannabis Use Intention Questionnaire (CUIQ) to First Year University Students
by Inês Teodoro, Hugo Torres, Nuno Venâncio, Guilhermina Moutinho and Maria Deolinda Auxtero
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005011 - 20 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1514
Abstract
Cannabis is the illegal drug most used worldwide. Its long-term use increases the risk of depression and schizophrenia, causing a major public health problem. A validated questionnaire was applied to first year students of Instituto Universitário Egas Moniz to assess their intention regarding [...] Read more.
Cannabis is the illegal drug most used worldwide. Its long-term use increases the risk of depression and schizophrenia, causing a major public health problem. A validated questionnaire was applied to first year students of Instituto Universitário Egas Moniz to assess their intention regarding cannabis use. They do not consider cannabis to be much associated with well-being, they slightly consider the opinion of relatives, and they show a low intent to use the drug, believing themselves to have strong self-control. Scores are above average for 18-y.o. Portuguese students, except for belief in self-control. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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2 pages, 219 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Intimate Partner Violence Risk Assessment in Victims Information and Assistance Office
by Iris Almeida, Ana Rita Pires, Carolina Nobre, Joana Marques and Patrícia Oliveira
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005012 - 20 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2133
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the work developed by the Victims Information and Assistance Office (GIAV), and its role as technical advisor to the Lisbon Public Prosecutor’s Office, specifically about Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) risk assessment. GIAV plays a key [...] Read more.
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the work developed by the Victims Information and Assistance Office (GIAV), and its role as technical advisor to the Lisbon Public Prosecutor’s Office, specifically about Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) risk assessment. GIAV plays a key role in assisting the Public Prosecutor’s Office as the main response to cases with higher complexity and it provides support about measures to protect victims. The sample (n = 258) is derived from the IPV risk assessments of GIAV. Results show us that moderate and higher risk are the most common levels in IPV risk assessment and main risk factors. Defendants had more beliefs about IPV than victims. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 217 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
The Forensic Psychology Role: Technical Advisor Office
by Iris Almeida, Ana Ramalho, Joana Costa and Ricardo Ventura Baúto
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005013 - 20 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1443
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the work developed by Technical Advisor Office (GAT) and its role as technical advisor to the West Lisbon Public Prosecutor’s Office. GAT was established in partnership with Egas Moniz Higher Education School and West Lisbon [...] Read more.
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the work developed by Technical Advisor Office (GAT) and its role as technical advisor to the West Lisbon Public Prosecutor’s Office. GAT was established in partnership with Egas Moniz Higher Education School and West Lisbon Public Prosecutor’s Office. GAT plays a crucial role in assisting the Public Prosecutor’s Office as the main response to cases with higher complexity, and it provides support about measures to protect victims. GAT integrates the forensic psychologist narrowly and directly in monitoring processes in the judicial system, allowing a greater understanding of the phenomenon and facilitating decision-making by the Public Prosecutor’s Office. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 213 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Candida spp. Colonization among Intensive Care Unit Patients, Preliminary Results
by Teresa Nascimento, João Inácio, Isabel Ferreira, Priscila Diaz, Paulo Freitas and Helena Barroso
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005014 - 20 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1684
Abstract
Candida spp. colonization is recognized as a major risk factor for invasive candidiasis. To assess patient colonization, upon admission and during their stay in intensive care units (ICU), a surveillance study has been conducted since January 2020, in the Lisbon area of Portugal. [...] Read more.
Candida spp. colonization is recognized as a major risk factor for invasive candidiasis. To assess patient colonization, upon admission and during their stay in intensive care units (ICU), a surveillance study has been conducted since January 2020, in the Lisbon area of Portugal. A total of 219 swab samples were obtained from 113 ICU patients. The yeast identification was conducted by microbiological conventional and molecular methods. Upon admission to the ICU, 27% of patients were already colonized, and 17% became colonized during their ICU stay. Candida albicans was the most isolated species. These results may offer an opportunity for prevention of candidemia. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
3 pages, 356 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Influence of the Infill Geometry of 3D-Printed Tablets on Drug Dissolution
by Nuno Venâncio, Gabriela G. Pereira, João F. Pinto and Ana I. Fernandes
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005015 - 20 Jul 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1876
Abstract
Patient-centric therapy is especially important in pediatrics and may be attained by three-dimensional printing. Filaments containing 30% w/w of theophylline were produced by hot-melt extrusion and printed using fused deposition modelling to produce tablets. Here, preliminary results evaluating the effect of [...] Read more.
Patient-centric therapy is especially important in pediatrics and may be attained by three-dimensional printing. Filaments containing 30% w/w of theophylline were produced by hot-melt extrusion and printed using fused deposition modelling to produce tablets. Here, preliminary results evaluating the effect of infill geometry (cross, star, grid) on drug content and release are reported. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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3 pages, 202 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
A Protocol for the Evaluation of Nutritional and Functional Status Evolution During a Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation Program for Patients after SARS-CoV-2 Pneumonia
by Diogo Sousa-Catita, Catarina Godinho and Jorge Fonseca
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005016 - 20 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1310
Abstract
Nutrition status is a major issue of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many factors associated with worse prognosis risk are related to nutrition. Patients received after hospital discharge for pneumonia due to SARS-Cov-2 were submitted to a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program. This study aimed to analyze [...] Read more.
Nutrition status is a major issue of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many factors associated with worse prognosis risk are related to nutrition. Patients received after hospital discharge for pneumonia due to SARS-Cov-2 were submitted to a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program. This study aimed to analyze the nutritional and functional status after SARS-Cov-2 pneumonia and evaluate the impact of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 234 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Tuning of Paroxetine 3D-Printable Formulations for Fused Deposition Modelling
by Sara Figueiredo, João F. Pinto, Fátima G. Carvalho and Ana I. Fernandes
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005017 - 20 Jul 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2057
Abstract
This work reports the preliminary development of paroxetine-containing formulations amenable to hot-melt extrusion coupled to fused deposition modelling-based 3D printing. Polymeric matrices were used alone, or added with processing enhancers (e.g., plasticizer and filler). The polymeric formulation containing paroxetine (30% w/w [...] Read more.
This work reports the preliminary development of paroxetine-containing formulations amenable to hot-melt extrusion coupled to fused deposition modelling-based 3D printing. Polymeric matrices were used alone, or added with processing enhancers (e.g., plasticizer and filler). The polymeric formulation containing paroxetine (30% w/w), hydroxypropylcellulose (54% w/w) and excipients (16% w/w of dicalcium dihydrate phosphate, magnesium stearate and triethylcitrate; 10:1:5 ratio) exhibited the most suitable behaviour to be extruded and 3D printed, proving that adjuvants are critical to ensure processing of the formulations. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 217 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Personality and Aggressive Behavior: The Relation between the Five-Factor and Aggression Models in a Domestic Violence Suspects Sample
by Ricardo Ventura Baúto, Ana Filipa Carreiro, Margarida Pereira, Renata Guarda and Iris Almeida
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005018 - 20 Jul 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1712
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the relationship between the five-factor model of personality and its association with aggression in 30 men and eight women who are suspects of domestic violence. The results show a positive correlation between neuroticism and hostility, [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the relationship between the five-factor model of personality and its association with aggression in 30 men and eight women who are suspects of domestic violence. The results show a positive correlation between neuroticism and hostility, a negative correlation between openness to experience and overall aggression, a negative correlation between agreeableness and physical aggression and anger, and a negative correlation between conscientiousness and anger. These results show us the need for personality assessment in domestic violence suspects and future research about personality and aggression. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
3 pages, 207 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Characterization of CYP2C19*17 Polymorphism in a Portuguese Population Sample Relevant for Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy—A Pilot Study
by Adriana M. L. Ferraz, Susana Bandarra, Paulo Mascarenhas, Isabel Barahona, Rui Martins and Ana Clara Ribeiro
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005019 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1511
Abstract
The interindividual variability of Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI) therapy results from the phenotype variability associated with the cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) gene, namely the CYP2C19*17 allele. Our aim was to characterize patients’ genetic variability undergoing PPI therapy. A sample of 33 oral mucosa [...] Read more.
The interindividual variability of Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI) therapy results from the phenotype variability associated with the cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) gene, namely the CYP2C19*17 allele. Our aim was to characterize patients’ genetic variability undergoing PPI therapy. A sample of 33 oral mucosa cells from Portuguese pharmacy patients was collected, followed by genotyping. The allelic frequencies of CYP2C19*1 (-806C) and CYP2C19*17 (-806T) were 71.2% and 28.8%, respectively. The genotypic frequencies for CYP2C19*1/*1 and CYP2C19*1/*17 were 42.4% and 57.6%, respectively, and 19 of these patients may have a Rapid Metabolizer (RM) phenotype pharmaceutical opinion letter, based on genetic evidence. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 208 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Mouth Breathing and Atypical Swallowing in Adult Orthodontic Patients at Egas Moniz Dental Clinic: A Pilot Study
by Ana Raquel Barata, Gunel Kizi, Luis Proença, Valter Alves and Ana Sintra Delgado
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005020 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1618
Abstract
Background: Mouth breathing and atypical swallowing are myofunctional problems, emerging as a pathological adaptation. This exploratory study was aimed to investigate the possible relation between breathing and swallowing patterns in adults. Methods: A total of 58 patients referred to the Orthodontic Department at [...] Read more.
Background: Mouth breathing and atypical swallowing are myofunctional problems, emerging as a pathological adaptation. This exploratory study was aimed to investigate the possible relation between breathing and swallowing patterns in adults. Methods: A total of 58 patients referred to the Orthodontic Department at Egas Moniz Dental Clinic were enrolled. Results: Atypical swallowing was more prevalent in women (78.0%) than in men (47.1%). A significantly higher proportion of patients exhibiting both mouth breathing and atypical swallowing were identified (46.6%). Swallowing pattern was found to be significantly associated with gender and breathing pattern. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
3 pages, 218 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Exploring Inequalities in HPV Vaccine Uptake among Cape Verdean Immigrant and Portuguese Native Women
by Violeta Alarcão, Pedro Candeias, Sónia Pintassilgo and Fernando Luís Machado
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005021 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1629
Abstract
Based on data from the FEMINA study, this communication aims to explore inequalities in HPV vaccine uptake. Results highlighted differences between the Portuguese and the Cape Verdean women: 97% vs. 67% had heard about the HPV vaccine; 30% vs. 9% had been vaccinated, [...] Read more.
Based on data from the FEMINA study, this communication aims to explore inequalities in HPV vaccine uptake. Results highlighted differences between the Portuguese and the Cape Verdean women: 97% vs. 67% had heard about the HPV vaccine; 30% vs. 9% had been vaccinated, and 71% vs. 82% had reported a lack of medical recommendation as a major reason for not having been vaccinated. Further research on the mechanisms that operate in the production of health disparities is needed to promote equity-focused interventions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 223 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Treatment of Patients with Somatic Tinnitus Attributed to Temporomandibular Disorder: A Case Report
by Paula Moleirinho-Alves, Pedro Cebola, André Almeida, Haúla Haider and João Paço
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005022 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 2717
Abstract
Tinnitus is a common symptom described in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), affecting quality of life and frequently causing distress. Somatic or somatosensory tinnitus can be attributed to the somatic system of the temporomandibular or cervical spine. Due to the multifactorial etiology of [...] Read more.
Tinnitus is a common symptom described in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), affecting quality of life and frequently causing distress. Somatic or somatosensory tinnitus can be attributed to the somatic system of the temporomandibular or cervical spine. Due to the multifactorial etiology of TMD, its management should be based on a multidisciplinary approach. Dentists and physical therapists may play a role in the individual and multimodal management of such patients. The aim of this case study is to analyse the effects of the conservative multidisciplinary management of tinnitus in patients with coexisting tinnitus, TMD and bruxism. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 323 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Incidence of Oral Mucositis in Patients Undergoing Head and Neck Cancer Treatment: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
by Raquel Pacheco, Maria Alzira Cavacas, Paulo Mascarenhas, Pedro Oliveira and Carlos Zagalo
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005023 - 21 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2497
Abstract
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the literature about the incidence of oral mucositis and its degrees (mild, moderate, and severe), in patients undergoing head and neck cancer treatment (radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgery). Addressing this issue is important since oral mucositis [...] Read more.
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the literature about the incidence of oral mucositis and its degrees (mild, moderate, and severe), in patients undergoing head and neck cancer treatment (radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgery). Addressing this issue is important since oral mucositis has a negative impact on oral health and significantly deteriorates the quality of life. Therefore, a multidisciplinary team, including dentists, should be involved in the treatment. The overall oral mucositis incidence was 89.4%. The global incidence for mild, moderate, and severe degrees were 16.8%, 34.5%, and 26.4%, respectively. The high incidence rates reported in this review point out the need for greater care in terms of the oral health of these patients. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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2 pages, 189 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Children’s Oral Health on Pico Island, Azores (Portugal)
by Juliana Pereira, Gunel Kizi, Ana Raquel Barata and Irene Ventura
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005024 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1459
Abstract
Pediatric dentistry focuses on children’s oral health. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of malocclusion in a pediatric population. Eighty-two children (3–12 years old), of both genders, who belong to a Social Solidarity Institution for Children in Pico Island [...] Read more.
Pediatric dentistry focuses on children’s oral health. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of malocclusion in a pediatric population. Eighty-two children (3–12 years old), of both genders, who belong to a Social Solidarity Institution for Children in Pico Island were clinically examined. Half were female and half were male, in which most were 7 years old (20.7%) with mixed dentition (58.5%). The highest prevalence was in canine class I and vertical molar. Most children did not have malocclusion characteristics (56.1%). Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 199 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Oral Complications of Chemotherapy on Paediatric Patients with Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
by Ana Sofia Alves, Gunel Kizi, Ana Raquel Barata, Paulo Mascarenhas and Irene Ventura
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005025 - 21 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1655
Abstract
The goal of cancer treatment is to fight and/or control cancer. The aim of this study was to review and meta-analyse the incidence of main oral complications in paediatric oncology during chemotherapy. The search results were obtained from B-on, Web of Science, Scopus, [...] Read more.
The goal of cancer treatment is to fight and/or control cancer. The aim of this study was to review and meta-analyse the incidence of main oral complications in paediatric oncology during chemotherapy. The search results were obtained from B-on, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library and PubMed databases. Of 1032 articles potentially relevant, 13 were included in this review. The overall incidence of caries, gingivitis, ulcers, mucositis, and candidiasis was 67.8%, 55.6%, 44.2%, 41.6%, and, 29.5%, respectively. During chemotherapy, paediatric patients with cancer present higher incidence of caries and gingivitis. Incidence rate meta-analysis show high heterogeneity. More studies should be done to reduce uncertainty. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 206 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
COVID-19 Risk Perception and Confidence among Clinical Dental Students: Impact on Patient Management
by Mariana Morgado, José João Mendes and Luís Proença
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005026 - 21 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1796
Abstract
This study aimed to assess COVID-19 perceived risk, confidence and its impact on potentially infected patients’ management practices, in a clinical dental education setting. The survey was conducted by application of a self-administered questionnaire amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Results indicate high COVID-19 perceived [...] Read more.
This study aimed to assess COVID-19 perceived risk, confidence and its impact on potentially infected patients’ management practices, in a clinical dental education setting. The survey was conducted by application of a self-administered questionnaire amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Results indicate high COVID-19 perceived risk and confidence levels (86.7% and 72.8%, respectively). A significantly lower risk perception was identified for individuals classifying COVID-19 as a moderately dangerous disease and confidence was significantly lower for women and for individuals not previously exposed to confirmed or suspected cases of COVID-19. No factor-related significant differences were found on potentially infected patients’ management practices. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 467 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Awareness and Use of Heat-Not-Burn Tobacco among Students of Egas Moniz—Cooperative of Higher Education
by Ana Sofia Pintado, Duarte Sousa-Tavares and Patrícia Cavaco-Silva
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005027 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 2819
Abstract
Heated tobacco products (HTP) use a device that heats tobacco to generate an aerosol containing nicotine instead of burning it as it happens with combustion tobacco. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of heat-not-burn tobacco use among students of a Healthcare University [...] Read more.
Heated tobacco products (HTP) use a device that heats tobacco to generate an aerosol containing nicotine instead of burning it as it happens with combustion tobacco. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of heat-not-burn tobacco use among students of a Healthcare University Institution—Egas Moniz—and identify the factors that influence this use. A questionnaire adapted from the WHO Global Health Professional Students Survey was applied between May and July 2019 in the study population. Subsequently, an exploratory analysis of the data was carried out and a logistic regression was applied in order to determine the factors that influence students to consume heated tobacco. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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2 pages, 205 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Alpha-Synuclein Aggregates and Parkinson’s Disease: The InflamaSPark Protocol
by Miguel Grunho, Catarina Godinho, Marta Patita, Irina Mocanu, Ana Isabel Vieira, António Alves de Matos, Ricardo Carregosa, Frederico Marx, Morgane Tomé, Diogo Sousa-Catita, Luís Proença, Tiago Outeiro and Jorge Fonseca
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005028 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1488
Abstract
The hallmark of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the accumulation of alpha-synuclein (AS) aggregates. Prior to the central nervous system involvement, PD establishes itself in the gut as a result of the complex interplay between microbiota, the host’s immune/neural systems and increased intestinal permeability. [...] Read more.
The hallmark of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the accumulation of alpha-synuclein (AS) aggregates. Prior to the central nervous system involvement, PD establishes itself in the gut as a result of the complex interplay between microbiota, the host’s immune/neural systems and increased intestinal permeability. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients present a higher number of AS aggregates in the intestinal wall and an increased risk of developing PD. By studying AS aggregates in gut biopsy specimens of IBD patients and controls, this project aims to further clarify the pathophysiology of PD and to explore the potential of gut a biopsy for AS aggregates as a biomarker for prodromal PD. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 206 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Nutritional and Motor Functional Status in Parkinson’s Disease: The NutriSPark Protocol
by Miguel Grunho, Catarina Godinho, Diogo Sousa-Catita, Filipa Vicente, Luís Proença, Ricardo Carregosa, Frederico Marx, Morgane Tomé, Josefa Domingos and Jorge Fonseca
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005029 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1407
Abstract
A growing body of evidence suggests that nutritional status may play an important role in the development and course of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Nutritional status is known to influence PD motor and non-motor features and is in turn influenced by disease duration and [...] Read more.
A growing body of evidence suggests that nutritional status may play an important role in the development and course of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Nutritional status is known to influence PD motor and non-motor features and is in turn influenced by disease duration and severity. A proper nutritional status assessment and intervention should be incorporated in the management and follow-up of PD patients. This study aims to characterize the impact of nutritional status in multiple domains of PD and to explore the feasibility and the effectiveness of a customized and intensive nutritional intervention compared to standard care. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 236 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Adverse Childhood Experiences and Empathy: The Role of Interparental Conflict
by Ana V. Antunes, Patrícia Oliveira, Jorge Cardoso and Telma C. Almeida
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005030 - 21 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2232
Abstract
The literature shows that adverse life experiences may harm individuals. The main objectives of this research were to study the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and empathy in adulthood and analyse differences between victims and nonvictims of interparental conflict. Our research evidenced that [...] Read more.
The literature shows that adverse life experiences may harm individuals. The main objectives of this research were to study the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and empathy in adulthood and analyse differences between victims and nonvictims of interparental conflict. Our research evidenced that adverse childhood experiences affect individuals’ empathy in adulthood, and victims of interparental violence experienced other childhood victimization. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
3 pages, 207 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Gut Status in Parkinson’s Disease: The GutSPark Protocol
by Miguel Grunho, Catarina Godinho, António Alves de Matos, Helena Barroso, Ricardo Carregosa, Frederico Marx, Morgane Tomé, Josefa Domingos, Diogo Sousa-Catita, João Botelho, Vanessa Machado, José João Mendes, Tiago Outeiro and Jorge Fonseca
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005031 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1554
Abstract
The neuropathological hallmark of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the accumulation of alpha–synuclein (AS) aggregates. The identification of AS aggregates in gut biopsy specimens from people with PD may provide an opportunity to identify PD at a very early stage, prior to symptom onset. [...] Read more.
The neuropathological hallmark of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the accumulation of alpha–synuclein (AS) aggregates. The identification of AS aggregates in gut biopsy specimens from people with PD may provide an opportunity to identify PD at a very early stage, prior to symptom onset. Changes in gut microbiota and inflammatory conditions (such as periodontitis) may be linked with PD onset/evolution. This project aims to explore the concept of microbiota–gut–brain axis in PD, studying gut biopsy specimens for AS aggregates, oral and intestinal microbiota, associated digestive disorders and oral health, of both patients with PD and controls. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 404 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Cow’s Milk Protein Allergy: The Hidden Danger of Medicines’ Excipients
by Maria Santo, Maria D. Auxtero, Alexandra Figueiredo and Isabel Margarida Costa
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005032 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1846
Abstract
In patients with a cow’s milk protein allergy, the presence of these allergens in medicines, even in trace amounts, can trigger serious allergic reactions. The study of milk-related excipient prevalence in 165 antiasthmatic medicines, based on the information included in the Summary of [...] Read more.
In patients with a cow’s milk protein allergy, the presence of these allergens in medicines, even in trace amounts, can trigger serious allergic reactions. The study of milk-related excipient prevalence in 165 antiasthmatic medicines, based on the information included in the Summary of Product Characteristics, revealed the presence of lactose in more than one third of these medicines. Since lactose may suffer cross-contamination with cow’s milk protein, these results are an alert to health professionals. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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2 pages, 207 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Patient Compliance with Oral Anticoagulant Therapy
by Sérgio Valério and Maria João Hilário
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005033 - 22 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1492
Abstract
Oral anticoagulants (OAC) are intended to enhance the unwanted activation of blood clotting, and they are used for the prophylaxis and treatment of thromboembolic events. This study aimed to describe and verify whether there was a relationship between patient compliance with OAC therapy [...] Read more.
Oral anticoagulants (OAC) are intended to enhance the unwanted activation of blood clotting, and they are used for the prophylaxis and treatment of thromboembolic events. This study aimed to describe and verify whether there was a relationship between patient compliance with OAC therapy and patient gender and age, using a sample of 111 individuals. The data were collected through individual forms, from patients in a Hospital Unit in Great Lisbon. Results showed a statistically significant relationship between patient compliance with OAC therapy and the variables gender and age. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 429 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
S. aureus and MRSA Nasal Carriage in Dental Students: A Comprehensive Approach
by Patrícia Cavaco-Silva, Maria Mole, Beatriz Meliço and Helena Barroso
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005034 - 22 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1608
Abstract
Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA are important clinical pathogens representing a serious public health problem. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage among dental students, identify the factors that influence this carriage, and characterize [...] Read more.
Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA are important clinical pathogens representing a serious public health problem. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage among dental students, identify the factors that influence this carriage, and characterize MRSA. A prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA carriage of 25.2% and 0.86% was estimated, respectively, and SCCmec Type VI, was identified in all isolated MRSA. The low MRSA colonization rate can reflect good infection control practices followed by students. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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2 pages, 572 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
External Approach to Bilaterally Septated Maxillary Sinuses: A Case Report
by Pedro Gameiro, Bernardo Saldanha, Francisco Santos, Jéssica Silva, João Norte, João Reis, Pedro Sottomayor, Rodolfo Vaz and Pedro Rodrigues
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005035 - 22 Jul 2021
Viewed by 2133
Abstract
The careful planning of a sinus lift procedure is the key to avoiding surgical complications. In this clinical case, a female patient, 59 years old and totally edentulous in the maxilla, was referred to Egas Moniz’s Dental Clinic Implantology consultation with indication for [...] Read more.
The careful planning of a sinus lift procedure is the key to avoiding surgical complications. In this clinical case, a female patient, 59 years old and totally edentulous in the maxilla, was referred to Egas Moniz’s Dental Clinic Implantology consultation with indication for bilateral external sinus lift of the maxillary sinuses prior to implant placement. Both orthopantomography and cone-beam computed tomography were used to show the anatomy of the maxillary sinuses, which presented multiple sinus septa. A multiple anterolateral window approach was applied in order to avoid perforation of the Schneiderian membrane while accessing it. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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2 pages, 542 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Autologous Graft in the Anterior Maxilla—A Case Report
by Rodolfo Vaz, Pedro Gameiro, Pedro Sottomayor, Bernardo Saldanha and Pedro Rodrigues
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005036 - 22 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1755
Abstract
A 44-year-old male patient was referred to the Egas Moniz Dental Clinic, with a previous history of failed bone regeneration, resulting in a reduced buccal-palatal bone thickness and aesthetic compromise of the gingival margin of the anterior maxilla. Since the use of autologous [...] Read more.
A 44-year-old male patient was referred to the Egas Moniz Dental Clinic, with a previous history of failed bone regeneration, resulting in a reduced buccal-palatal bone thickness and aesthetic compromise of the gingival margin of the anterior maxilla. Since the use of autologous bone is considered the “gold-standard” in guided bone regeneration, the treatment plan consisted of an autologous mental graft into the maxilla, with a simultaneous guided bone regeneration with a xenograft and absorbable membrane. This allowed a predictable volumetric bone regeneration with low patient morbidity and posterior fixed rehabilitation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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2 pages, 210 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Temporomandibular Disorders and Bruxism Prevalence in a Portuguese Sample
by João Belo, André Almeida, Paula Moleirinho-Alves and Catarina Godinho
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005037 - 22 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1739
Abstract
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) encompasses a set of disorders involving the masticatory muscles, the temporomandibular joint and associated structures. It is a complex biopsychosocial disorder with several triggering, predisposing and perpetuating factors. In the etiology of TMD, oral parafunctions, namely bruxism, play a relevant [...] Read more.
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) encompasses a set of disorders involving the masticatory muscles, the temporomandibular joint and associated structures. It is a complex biopsychosocial disorder with several triggering, predisposing and perpetuating factors. In the etiology of TMD, oral parafunctions, namely bruxism, play a relevant role. The study of bruxism is complicated by some taxonomic and diagnostic aspects that have prevented achieving an acceptable standardization of diagnosis. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders and bruxism in a Portuguese sample. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 205 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Massive Testing Is Important to Control a SARS-CoV-2 Outbreak
by Daniela Guerreiro, Ana Luísa Costa, Teresa Nascimento, Ana Clara Ribeiro, Luís Proença, José João Mendes and Helena Barroso
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005038 - 22 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1906
Abstract
At the end of September 2020, an outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 occurred at a university student’s residence. A rapid response, with massive testing, using both RT-PCR and antigen rapid testing, helped to control the spread of the virus, showing the importance of tracking the [...] Read more.
At the end of September 2020, an outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 occurred at a university student’s residence. A rapid response, with massive testing, using both RT-PCR and antigen rapid testing, helped to control the spread of the virus, showing the importance of tracking the infection. Testing for antibodies one month after the outbreak showed that the permanence of students with no infection in the same building was not a preponderant factor to develop an immune response. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 181 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Detection of the SARS-CoV-2 UK Variant in Portugal
by Susana Bandarra, Lurdes Monteiro and Laura Brum
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005039 - 22 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1236
Abstract
At the end of 2020, a new highly transmissible variant of SARS-CoV-2 was discovered in the United Kingdom (UK). This work aims to identify potential cases of the UK variant in Portugal using routine diagnostic samples. A total of 26 out of 43 [...] Read more.
At the end of 2020, a new highly transmissible variant of SARS-CoV-2 was discovered in the United Kingdom (UK). This work aims to identify potential cases of the UK variant in Portugal using routine diagnostic samples. A total of 26 out of 43 positive samples that were identified by RT-PCR as suspects were confirmed through sequencing to be the SARS-CoV-2 UK variant. The first case of the UK variant identified by us was in samples collected on 21 December 2020 at Lisbon airport in travelers from Manchester and London. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 215 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Oral Health among Athletes at the Egas Moniz Sports Dentistry Practice
by Carolina Fernandes, Inês Allen, Leonor Sá Pinto, André Júdice, Filipa Vicente, Carlos Família, José João Mendes and Catarina Godinho
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005040 - 22 Jul 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1519
Abstract
The sports dentistry consultation at the Clínica Universitária Egas Moniz is guaranteed by a multidisciplinary team of health professionals that provide a customized service to high performance athletes. Over the last year, 99 athletes were evaluated in terms of their oral health through [...] Read more.
The sports dentistry consultation at the Clínica Universitária Egas Moniz is guaranteed by a multidisciplinary team of health professionals that provide a customized service to high performance athletes. Over the last year, 99 athletes were evaluated in terms of their oral health through extraoral, intraoral and radiographic exams. In this population a high prevalence of dry mouth, erosive wear, gingivitis, periodontitis and DMF index was observed, which may have a profound and negative impact on sports performance. Of the athletes, 40.4% attended follow up consultations, where restoration and scaling were the majority of the clinical procedures performed. This data highlights the importance of a dedicated sports dentistry consultations. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 460 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Study of the Phenolic Content and the Antioxidant Capacity of Rubus idaeus L. Genotypes within the Development of a National Cultivar
by Rita Cornamusaz, Francisco Luz, Pedro Brás de Oliveira, Margarida Moncada and Madalena Bettencourt da Câmara
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005041 - 22 Jul 2021
Viewed by 2054
Abstract
The production of raspberries in Portugal has increased considerably in the last two decades, assuming a great economic interest today. Here, we studied the phenolic content and the antioxidant capacity of selected genotypes within a breeding program. The results suggest that this program [...] Read more.
The production of raspberries in Portugal has increased considerably in the last two decades, assuming a great economic interest today. Here, we studied the phenolic content and the antioxidant capacity of selected genotypes within a breeding program. The results suggest that this program may be unintentionally selecting raspberry phenolics. If so, this would be of particular interest, since there is scientific evidence that raspberry phenolics or their metabolites may have beneficial health effects, namely antioxidant activity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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3 pages, 382 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Effect of 6% Maltodextrin Intake on Capillary Lactate Concentration in Soccer Players
by Adinylson Fonseca, Maria Alexandra Bernardo, Maria Fernanda de Mesquita, José Brito and Maria Leonor Silva
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005042 - 22 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1900
Abstract
Recent literature suggests that ergogenic substances may play a beneficial role in intermittent exercise. Maltodextrin supplementation has been investigated in soccer players, but few studies have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 6% maltodextrin supplementation on [...] Read more.
Recent literature suggests that ergogenic substances may play a beneficial role in intermittent exercise. Maltodextrin supplementation has been investigated in soccer players, but few studies have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 6% maltodextrin supplementation on capillary lactate in soccer players. The study was carried out during soccer training, which was characterised by intense activity (90 min). Participants (n = 24) were randomly allocated in control (water) and intervention (6% maltodextrin solution) groups. Capillary lactate levels were evaluated at pre-exercise (0 min—t0), exercise (45 min—t1), and post-exercise (90 min—t2) moments. At t1, the mean capillary lactate concentration value was significantly higher in players not supplemented with 6% maltodextrin (5.47 mmol/L) than in supplemented players (4.79 mmol/L). Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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2 pages, 209 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Influence of Maturation on Sports Injuries Profile in Portuguese Youth
by Lara Costa e Silva, Júlia Teles and Isabel Fragoso
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005043 - 22 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1792
Abstract
Physical activity (PA) is beneficial, enhancing healthy development. However, it is estimated that one third of school-age children practicing sport regularly suffer from a serious injury. Maturation can make young athletes more vulnerable to sports injuries and increased knowledge about injury with specific [...] Read more.
Physical activity (PA) is beneficial, enhancing healthy development. However, it is estimated that one third of school-age children practicing sport regularly suffer from a serious injury. Maturation can make young athletes more vulnerable to sports injuries and increased knowledge about injury with specific PA exposure data is important to an overall risk management strategy. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of maturation on sports injury profiles in Portuguese youths. Distance to peak height velocity (PHV) was a significant predictor of injury patterns in children and adolescents of both sexes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
3 pages, 206 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Coffee in the Workplace: A Social Break or a Performance Enhancer?
by Carla F. Rodrigues, Hélder Raposo, Elsa Pegado and Ana I. Fernandes
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005044 - 27 Jul 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 4812
Abstract
Coffee is a socially rooted drink with pharmacological properties. It is embedded in different everyday rituals, including ‘coffee breaks’ during working hours. This paper analyzes the role of coffee at workplace. Focusing on three professional areas associated with high pressure and responsive demands, [...] Read more.
Coffee is a socially rooted drink with pharmacological properties. It is embedded in different everyday rituals, including ‘coffee breaks’ during working hours. This paper analyzes the role of coffee at workplace. Focusing on three professional areas associated with high pressure and responsive demands, we explore the social expression of coffee use at work, and how it is mobilized as a tool for managing sleepiness, fatigue, stress, and concentration problems, amongst other work-related issues. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
2 pages, 626 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
In Vitro Comparative Study of Microhardness and Flexural Strength of Acrylic Resins Used in Removable Dentures
by Marta Costa, Sara Neves, Joana Carvalho, Sofia Arantes-Oliveira and Sérgio Félix
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005045 - 28 Jul 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2245
Abstract
Polymethylmethacrylate is the material of choice for prosthetic bases. Depending on the type of polymerization, acrylic resins may present some mechanical weaknesses that may lead to the failure of a prosthesis. The microhardness and flexural strength of a dental material determine its applicability. [...] Read more.
Polymethylmethacrylate is the material of choice for prosthetic bases. Depending on the type of polymerization, acrylic resins may present some mechanical weaknesses that may lead to the failure of a prosthesis. The microhardness and flexural strength of a dental material determine its applicability. The objective of the present investigation was to evaluate the in vitro Knoop microhardness and flexural strength of a thermopolymerizable (Probase Hot) and an autopolymerizable (Probase Cold) resin, according to ISO 20759-1: 2013. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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2 pages, 201 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Long-Term Intestinal Failure and Home Parenteral Nutrition: A Single Center Experience
by Mafalda Padinha, Cátia Oliveira, Sandra Carlos, Ana Paula Santos, Marta Brito, Carla Adriana Santos and Jorge Fonseca
Med. Sci. Forum 2021, 5(1), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2021005046 - 29 Jul 2021
Viewed by 2002
Abstract
Intestinal failure is the reduction in gut function below the minimum necessary for the absorption of macronutrients and/or water electrolytes. The based treatment for type II and III intestinal failure patients is home parenteral nutrition (HPN) and hydration (HPH). This is a case-series [...] Read more.
Intestinal failure is the reduction in gut function below the minimum necessary for the absorption of macronutrients and/or water electrolytes. The based treatment for type II and III intestinal failure patients is home parenteral nutrition (HPN) and hydration (HPH). This is a case-series study of HPN/HPH patients of the Hospital Garcia de Orta, Portugal, where thirteen patients present different underlying disorders and various IVS needs of nutrition and/or hydration. Most presented type III failure and most of them survived a long period under HPN and/or HNH. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 5th International Congress of CiiEM (IC CiiEM))
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