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Abstract

Invasive Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Monitoring in Lithuania Based on Camera Traps Data †

Nature Research Centre, Akademijos 2, LT 08412 Vilnius, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 2nd International Electronic Conference on Diversity (IECD 2022)—New Insights into the Biodiversity of Plants, Animals and Microbes, 15–31 March 2022; Available online: https://sciforum.net/event/IECD2022.
Biol. Life Sci. Forum 2022, 15(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/IECD2022-12406
Published: 14 March 2022

Abstract

:
Invasive mammal species outside their natural range are causing damage to native ecosystems. Raccoon dogs were first observed in Lithuania in 1948, and since then, they have spread across the country. Surveys of this species stopped in 1997; therefore, numbers and trends are currently unknown. Raccoons were first observed in Lithuania in 2012, with only a few sporadic reports over the decade. Both species are listed as EU species of concern. Between September 2019 and July 2021, we evaluated the distribution and density of these animals using camera traps (system with a motion trigger/sensor that activates a camera to take a photograph when an animal is present) at 85 locations with a total sampling effort of 11,501 camera trap days. Raccoon dogs were identified in 57 locations (67.1% of all surveyed) and raccoons in 1 location (1.2%). The average relative shooting frequency of raccoon dogs was 5.12 photos/100 days and that of raccoons was 0.18 photos/100 days. The abundance of raccoon dog was not uniform. In the northeastern part of Lithuania, their relative shooting frequency was significantly higher than in western part (6.26 and 2.31 photos/100 days, respectively; p < 0.05). Raccoons were present in only one location; however, during the study period, they were registered 21 times. This indicates that a viable population has developed and could become a source of further invasion in the nearest future, requiring immediate control actions.

Supplementary Materials

The following supporting information can be downloaded at: https://www.mdpi.com/article/10.3390/IECD2022-12406/s1.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization, L.B.; methodology, all authors; investigation, M.J. and V.S.; formal analysis, M.J.; writing—original draft preparation M.J.; writing—review and editing, all authors. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

Funding

The research were funded by the project “Investigations of the Status of Invasive and Alien Species in Lithuania” (Contract No. 05.5.1-APVA-V-018-01-0012).

Institutional Review Board Statement

Not applicable.

Informed Consent Statement

Not applicable.

Data Availability Statement

Due to ongoing investigation, data of this study are available from the corresponding author upon personal request.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest. The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.
Publisher’s Note: MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Share and Cite

MDPI and ACS Style

Jasiulionis, M.; Stirkė, V.; Balčiauskas, L. Invasive Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Monitoring in Lithuania Based on Camera Traps Data. Biol. Life Sci. Forum 2022, 15, 3. https://doi.org/10.3390/IECD2022-12406

AMA Style

Jasiulionis M, Stirkė V, Balčiauskas L. Invasive Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Monitoring in Lithuania Based on Camera Traps Data. Biology and Life Sciences Forum. 2022; 15(1):3. https://doi.org/10.3390/IECD2022-12406

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jasiulionis, Marius, Vitalijus Stirkė, and Linas Balčiauskas. 2022. "Invasive Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Monitoring in Lithuania Based on Camera Traps Data" Biology and Life Sciences Forum 15, no. 1: 3. https://doi.org/10.3390/IECD2022-12406

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