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Abstract

Integrated BIM-Based LCA for Road Asphalt Pavements †

Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Federico II University of Naples, 80125 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 1st International Online Conference on Infrastructures, 7–9 June 2022; Available online: https://ioci2022.sciforum.net/.
Eng. Proc. 2022, 17(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/engproc2022017017
Published: 16 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 1st International Online Conference on Infrastructures)
In recent years, Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools have increased the productivity of infrastructure projects through more efficient information management and by fostering communication between different actors in the process [1,2,3]. At the same time, the growing need to introduce sustainability indicators, calculated through the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology, has prompted an increase in the amount of data to be managed throughout the life cycle of an infrastructure project [4,5]. The present work consists of developing a BIM-based LCA tool aimed at the calculation of several environmental indicators through the informative content of a road pavement BIM; the tool is specifically designed to avoid errors in LCA calculations during the early design stages, reduce the engineer’s effort through automation and support sustainable decision making in the infrastructure domain. An LCA-based pavement information model was developed by defining and adding several customized property sets, respectively, containing the specific road pavement materials‘ features and some selected environmental impact categories; a bidirectional information exchange path was established between BIM and the LCA tool to automate the LCA calculations and dynamically update the mentioned environmental indicators’ property sets, whenever the geometry of the pavement and the asphalt materials’ features change. The developed tool allows one to practically integrate pavement-related environmental sustainability requirements into BIM projects, with specific reference to asphalt pavement solutions that apply circular economy principles (i.e., secondary raw materials and cold recycling technologies), in light of more environmentally friendly pavement construction practices.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization, S.A.B. and F.R.; methodology, S.A.B. and F.R.; software, C.O. and R.V.; validation, S.A.B. and F.R.; data curation, C.O. and R.V.; visualization, C.O. and R.V.; supervision, S.A.B. and F.R. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

Funding

This research received no external funding.

Institutional Review Board Statement

Not applicable.

Informed Consent Statement

Not applicable.

Data Availability Statement

The data presented in this study are available on request from the corresponding author.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Van Eldik, M.A.; Vahdatikhaki, F.; Dos Santos, J.M.O.; Visser, M.; Doree, A. BIM-based environmental impact assessment for infrastructure design projects. Autom. Constr. 2020, 120, 103379. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
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  3. Oreto, C.; Biancardo, S.A.; Veropalumbo, R.; Russo, F. Road Pavement Information Modeling through Maintenance Scenario Evaluation. J. Adv. Transp. 2021, 2021, 823117. [Google Scholar]
  4. Safari, K.; AzariJafari, H. Challenges and opportunities for integrating BIM and LCA: Methodological choices and framework development. Sustain. Cities Soc. 2021, 67, 102728. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  5. Oreto, C.; Veropalumbo, R.; Viscione, N.; Biancardo, S.A.; Botte, M.; Russo, F. Integration of life cycle assessment into a decision support system for selecting sustainable road asphalt pavement mixtures prepared with waste. Int. J. Life Cycle Assess. 2021, 26, 2391–2407. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
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Share and Cite

MDPI and ACS Style

Biancardo, S.A.; Oreto, C.; Veropalumbo, R.; Russo, F. Integrated BIM-Based LCA for Road Asphalt Pavements. Eng. Proc. 2022, 17, 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/engproc2022017017

AMA Style

Biancardo SA, Oreto C, Veropalumbo R, Russo F. Integrated BIM-Based LCA for Road Asphalt Pavements. Engineering Proceedings. 2022; 17(1):17. https://doi.org/10.3390/engproc2022017017

Chicago/Turabian Style

Biancardo, Salvatore Antonio, Cristina Oreto, Rosa Veropalumbo, and Francesca Russo. 2022. "Integrated BIM-Based LCA for Road Asphalt Pavements" Engineering Proceedings 17, no. 1: 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/engproc2022017017

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