What Is New in Prophylaxis and Treatment of COVID-19 in Renal Transplant Patients? A Report from an ESOT Meeting on the Topic
Viewed by 1454
I should highlight that this manuscript is not a formal review on the topic, but a report from an ESOT meeting held on 22 June 2022. The assumption of immunosuppressants exposes kidney transplant recipients to the risk of infections, including COVID-19 infection. A
[...] Read more.
I should highlight that this manuscript is not a formal review on the topic, but a report from an ESOT meeting held on 22 June 2022. The assumption of immunosuppressants exposes kidney transplant recipients to the risk of infections, including COVID-19 infection. A transplant patient having COVID-19 infection raises several questions, including whether the immunosuppressive therapy should be reduced with the consequent risk of favoring acute rejections. Patient vaccination before transplantation is probably the gold standard to avoid the risk of COVID-19 infection after transplantation. In the case of transplant patients, three measures may be undertaken: vaccination, use of monoclonal antibodies and use of therapeutic antiviral small molecules. Concerning vaccination, it is still debated which one is the best and how many doses should be administered, particularly considering the new variants of the virus. The onset of virus variants has stimulated researchers to find new active vaccines. In addition, not all transplant patients develop antibodies. An alternative prophylactic measure to be principally used for patients that do not develop antibodies after vaccination is the use of monoclonal antibodies. These drugs may be administered as prophylaxis or in the early stage of the disease. Finally, the small antiviral molecules may be used again as prophylaxis or treatment. Their major drawbacks are their interference with immunosuppressive drugs and the fact that some of them cannot be administered to patients with low eGFR.