Awareness and Perceptions of “Age-Friendly”: Analyzing Survey Results from Voices in the United States
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Study Population
2.2. Survey Design, Administration, and Analysis
2.3. Ethical Considerations
3.1. Respondent Demographics
3.2. Survey Findings
3.2.1. The Level of General Awareness of the Term “Age-Friendly” and in What Context(s)
3.2.2. The Perceived Understanding of the Age Range to Which the Term “Age-Friendly” Applies
3.2.3. The General Context for “____-Friendly Designations” in Respondents’ Minds and Whether Other Aging-Related Phrases in the Field Are Mentioned Unaided
3.2.4. The Influence That “Age-Friendly” May Have on Consumer Preferences and Decision Making
3.2.5. The Degree to Which Individuals Have Taken Action Regarding Their Advance Care Planning
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
- How would you rate your awareness of the term “age-friendly”?
- Extremely aware
- Moderately aware
- Somewhat aware
- Slightly aware
- Not at all aware
- How would you rate the general public’s awareness of the term “age-friendly”?
- Extremely aware
- Moderately aware
- Somewhat aware
- Slightly aware
- Not at all aware
- What age range do you think the term “age-friendly” applies?
- Adults (18–64)
- Seniors (ages 65+)
- All ages
- Not sure
- When you hear the term “Age-Friendly,” what is at least one word or short phrase that comes to mind that describes the term?
- In what context have you heard the term “age-friendly” used to describe something (check all that apply)?
- Health Systems
- Other (please describe): ________
- An age-friendly community is a place that adapts its services and physical structures to be more inclusive and receptive to the needs of its population to improve their quality of life as they age. Rank, in order of importance to you, factors that age-friendly communities should have.
- Transportation: safe, reliable, and affordable. Easy-to-use public transportation, walking and biking paths, and rideshare options.
- Housing: various options and a network of home-based care and service options to allow older adults to remain in their homes.
- Outdoor space and buildings: accessible parks and green spaces, safe streets and sidewalks, and buildings that all can enjoy, including residents with mobility challenges.
- Social participation: opportunities for older adults to engage in life-long learning, social, and cultural activities.
- Civic participation and employment: support services for older adults to find paid jobs and volunteer opportunities.
- Communication and information: systems designed to provide older adults with access to information that can help them and their care partners as they age.
- Health and community services: affordable care that aligns with older adults’ health outcome goals and preferences whether care is delivered in medical or community settings or at home
- If you were to see or hear the term “age-friendly community,” how much would it influence your decision to live in that community?
- Extremely influential
- Very influential
- Somewhat influential
- Slightly influential
- Not at all influential
- Which items or activities below have you thought about or taken action on in the last five years?
|Item or Activity||Taken Action||Thought About but Not Taken Action||Have Not Thought About Taking Action|
|Having a care plan in the event of a serious illness or action|
|Documentation of your health care preferences in the event you may no longer be able to make decisions for yourself|
|Appointed someone to be your care “proxy” or the person who will make care decisions for you in case you may no longer be able to do so for yourself|
|Ensuring you have copies or access to your health records|
- Have you heard the phrase ___-friendly in other contexts?
- Not sure
- If yes, please name the context.
- What is your gender?
- Other (please specify)
- What is your age?
- What is your race or ethnicity?
- Black or African American
- Hispanic or Latino
- Middle Eastern or North African
- Multiracial or Multiethnic
- Native American or Alaska Native
- Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
- Self-describe ____
- Please select your geographical area.
- Urban–By definition, an urban area is the region surrounding a city. Urban areas are very developed, meaning there is a density of human structures such as houses, commercial buildings, roads, bridges, and railways. Urban area can refer to towns, cities, and suburbs.
- Suburban–By definition, a suburban area is a cluster of properties, primarily residential, that are not densely compacted, yet located very near an urban area. Also referred to as the “suburbs,” these areas are often located just outside of larger metro areas but can span even further.
- Rural–By definition, a rural area, often called “the country,” has a low population density and large amounts of undeveloped land.
- What is your highest level of education?
- Some high school
- High school
- Some college
- Food and Beverage
- Real Estate
- If healthcare is selected, please specify your sub-industry identification:
- Patient Advocacy
- Health System
- Health Plan
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|Characteristic||Number of Responses (%)|
|Black or African American||103 (10.08%)|
|Hispanic or Latino||46 (4.5%)|
|Middle Eastern or North African||1 (0.1%)|
|Multiracial or Multiethnic||5 (0.49%)|
|Native American or Alaska Native||19 (1.86%)|
|Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander||1 (0.1%)|
|Prompt||Perceived Awareness (%)|
|Extremely Aware||Moderately Aware||Somewhat Aware||Slightly Aware||Not at All Aware|
|How would you rate your awareness of the term “age-friendly”?|
|How would you rate the general public’s awareness of the term “age-friendly”?|
|Prompt||Level of Influence (%)|
|Extremely Influential||Very Influential||Somewhat Influential||Slightly Influential||Not at All Influential|
|If you were to see or hear the term “age-friendly community,” how much would it influence your decision to live in that community?|
|Prompt||Taken Action (%)||Thought About but Not Taken Action (%)||Have Not Thought About Taking Action (%)|
|Having a care plan in the event of a serious illness or action||39%||27%||40%||48%||21%||25%|
|Documentation of your health care preferences in the event you may no longer be able to make decisions for yourself||39%||28%||39%||47%||22%||25%|
|Appointed someone to be your care “proxy” or the person who will make care decisions for you in case you may no longer be able to do so for yourself||40%||33%||33%||39%||26%||28%|
|Ensuring you have copies or access to your health records||46%||41%||33%||37%||21%||22%|
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Dunning, L.; Ty, D.; Shah, P.; McDermott, M. Awareness and Perceptions of “Age-Friendly”: Analyzing Survey Results from Voices in the United States. Geriatrics 2023, 8, 58. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics8030058
Dunning L, Ty D, Shah P, McDermott M. Awareness and Perceptions of “Age-Friendly”: Analyzing Survey Results from Voices in the United States. Geriatrics. 2023; 8(3):58. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics8030058Chicago/Turabian Style
Dunning, Lauren, Diane Ty, Priyanka Shah, and Mac McDermott. 2023. "Awareness and Perceptions of “Age-Friendly”: Analyzing Survey Results from Voices in the United States" Geriatrics 8, no. 3: 58. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics8030058