Why Research Retraction Due to Misconduct Should Be Stigmatized
Conflicts of Interest
- Chen, J.; Courtwright, A. Stigmatization. In Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics; ten Have, H., Ed.; Springer: Cham, Switzerland, 2016. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Horwitz, A.V. The Logic of Social Control; Plenum: New York, NY, USA, 1990. [Google Scholar]
- Oransky, I. Nearing 5000 Retractions: A Review of 2022. Available online: https://retractionwatch.com/2022/12/27/nearing-5000-retractions-a-review-of-2022/ (accessed on 27 December 2022).
- Budd, J.M.; Sievert, M.; Schultz, T.R. Phenomena of retraction: Reasons for retraction and citations to the publications. JAMA 1998, 280, 296–297. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed][Green Version]
- Steen, R.G.; Casadevall, A.; Fang, F.C. Why has the number of scientific retractions increased? PLoS ONE 2013, 8, e68397. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Xu, S.B.; Hu, G. A cross-disciplinary and severity-based study of author-related reasons for retraction. Account. Res. Policies Qual. Assur. 2022, 29, 512–536. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Fang, F.C.; Steen, R.G.; Casadevall, A. Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2012, 109, 17028–17033. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed][Green Version]
- Committee on Publication Ethics Council. COPE Guidelines: Retraction Guidelines. Available online: https://publicationethics.org/retraction-guidelines (accessed on 10 February 2023).
- Enserink, M. How to Avoid the Stigma of a Retracted Paper? Don’t Call It a Retraction. Available online: https://www.science.org/content/article/how-avoid-stigma-retracted-paper-dont-call-it-retraction (accessed on 7 June 2017).
- Teixeira da Silva, J.A.; Al-Khatib, A. Ending the retraction stigma: Encouraging the reporting of errors in the biomedical record. Res. Ethics 2021, 17, 251–259. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef][Green Version]
- Vuong, Q.-H. The limitations of retraction notices and the heroic acts of authors who correct the scholarly record: An analysis of retractions of papers published from 1975 to 2019. Learn. Public 2019, 33, 119–130. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Berenbaum, M.R. On zombies, struldbrugs, and other horrors of the scientific literature. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2021, 118, e2111924118. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Furman, J.L.; Jensen, K.; Murry, F. Governing knowledge in the scientific community: Exploring the role of retractions in biomedicine. Res. Policy 2012, 41, 276–290. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Pfeirer, M.P.; Dnodgrass, G.L. The continued use of retracted, invalid scientific literature. JAMA 1990, 263, 1420–1423. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Schneider, J.; Ye, D.; Hill, A.M.; Whitehorn, A.S. Continued post-retraction citation of a fraudulent clinical trial report, 11 years after it was retracted for falsifying data. Scientometrics 2020, 125, 2877–2913. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Peng, H.; Romero, D.M.; Horvát, E. Dynamics of cross-platform attention to retracted research papers. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2022, 119, e2119086119. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Xu, S.B.; Hu, G. Retraction stigma and its communication via retraction notices. Minerva 2022, 60, 349–374. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Xu, S.B.; Hu, G. Construction and management of retraction stigma in retraction notices: An authorship-based investigation. Curr. Psychol. 2022. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
Disclaimer/Publisher’s Note: The statements, opinions and data contained in all publications are solely those of the individual author(s) and contributor(s) and not of MDPI and/or the editor(s). MDPI and/or the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to people or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content.
© 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Hu, G.; Xu, S.B. Why Research Retraction Due to Misconduct Should Be Stigmatized. Publications 2023, 11, 18. https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010018
Hu G, Xu SB. Why Research Retraction Due to Misconduct Should Be Stigmatized. Publications. 2023; 11(1):18. https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010018Chicago/Turabian Style
Hu, Guangwei, and Shaoxiong Brian Xu. 2023. "Why Research Retraction Due to Misconduct Should Be Stigmatized" Publications 11, no. 1: 18. https://doi.org/10.3390/publications11010018