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Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ., Volume 12, Issue 6 (June 2022) – 12 articles

Cover Story (view full-size image): Researchers aim to understand the social factors and personality traits that differentially predict chronic engagement in serious antisocial and criminal behavior. The present study aimed to concurrently compare how dark triad personality traits and low self-control differ in terms of predicting self-reported juvenile delinquency, CD symptoms, proactive overt aggression, and crime seriousness. The sample consisted of Southern European youth from Portugal. SEM statistical procedures were used to examine the data, with the findings suggesting that dark triad psychopathy surpasses low self-control and the remaining factors of the dark triad in terms of predicting antisocial/criminal outcomes in youth. Such findings can guide the design of preventive and early intervention strategies. View this paper
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11 pages, 2085 KiB  
Article
Self-Declared Physical Activity Levels and Self-Reported Physical Fitness in a Sample of Italian Adolescents during the COVID-19 Pandemic
by Alessandro Gatti, Lorenzo Pugliese, Vittoria Carnevale Pellino, Marco Del Bianco, Matteo Vandoni and Nicola Lovecchio
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 655-665; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060049 - 18 Jun 2022
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 2215
Abstract
Only 20% of children worldwide reach the suggested physical activity (PA) levels, and the COVID-19 restrictions seemed to have worsened this situation. In addition, physical fitness (PF) is a crucial marker of health and combined with PA could predict future health status. The [...] Read more.
Only 20% of children worldwide reach the suggested physical activity (PA) levels, and the COVID-19 restrictions seemed to have worsened this situation. In addition, physical fitness (PF) is a crucial marker of health and combined with PA could predict future health status. The aim of this study was to compare reported PA and PF levels in a sample of Italian adolescents. We administered the International PA Questionnaire and International Fitness Enjoyment Scale to 208 adolescents aged 16.0 ± 1.5 (N = 166 females, 16 ± 2.0 years) recruited from a high school in the province of Milan (Italy). The majority of the subjects were “Minimally active” but reported adequate PF levels. In particular, subjects who reported a “Very good” PF perception, had a lower PA level. The misperception of reported PA and PF from our sample could reduce the future PA level in adolescents and lead to a negative spiral of disengagement in PA. These findings should lead to more attention on and improvements to PA promotion in the adolescent population after the restrictions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sedentary Behaviour as a Risk Factor for Chronic Disease)
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16 pages, 2221 KiB  
Article
Impact of Using Facemasks on Literacy Learning: The Perception of Early Childhood Education Teachers
by Diego Vergara, Álvaro Antón-Sancho, Juan-José Maldonado and María Nieto-Sobrino
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 639-654; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060048 - 17 Jun 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2400
Abstract
In this work, quantitative research is carried out on the importance that educators give to literacy work in early childhood education classrooms and the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic and the use of facemasks have had on it. To this end, a survey [...] Read more.
In this work, quantitative research is carried out on the importance that educators give to literacy work in early childhood education classrooms and the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic and the use of facemasks have had on it. To this end, a survey designed for this purpose has been used, which has been passed on to a set of 112 Spanish early childhood educators. The teachers surveyed occupy different positions in the classroom (tutors, support technicians, specialists in bilingualism, therapeutic pedagogy and speech and hearing), and, in addition, they themselves learned to read from different methods of literacy learning (synthetic or analytical). The results found in this study indicate that educators express intermediate evaluations of the importance of literacy work in the classroom, higher if it is done through digital resources, and higher for the synthetic method than for the analytical method. In addition, the impact of the use of masks on literacy learning was rated as very negative. On the other hand, gaps have been identified in the above perceptions by the position occupied in the classroom and by the method used to learn to read. Finally, some actions are suggested to homogenize the perceptions of the different professionals, and some lines of research are proposed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Factors Related to School Coexistence at Different Educational Stages)
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8 pages, 700 KiB  
Article
Body Composition and Nutrients Dietary Intake Changes during COVID-19 Lockdown in Spanish Healthy Postmenopausal Women
by Cristina Acedo, Raul Roncero-Martín, Antonio Sánchez-Fernández, Cristina Mendoza-Holgado, María Pedrera-Canal, Fidel López-Espuela, Purificación Rey-Sánchez, Juan D. Pedrera-Zamorano, Luis M. Puerto-Parejo, Jose M. Moran and Jesús M. Lavado-García
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 631-638; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060047 - 16 Jun 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1883
Abstract
(1) Background: During the COVID-19 lockdown, high rates of physical inactivity and dietary imbalances were reported in both adults and adolescents. Physical separation and isolation not only have a significant impact on the performance of physical activity but also affect people’s lives, particularly [...] Read more.
(1) Background: During the COVID-19 lockdown, high rates of physical inactivity and dietary imbalances were reported in both adults and adolescents. Physical separation and isolation not only have a significant impact on the performance of physical activity but also affect people’s lives, particularly their dietary habits. In the present study, we aimed to examine whether or not bioelectrical impedance-derived body composition parameters and dietary habits were affected during the pandemic-associated lockdown in postmenopausal Spanish women. (2) Methods: Sixty-six women participated in the study (58.7 ± 5.4 years) before (between July–October 2019) and after (August–October 2020) the lockdown, which occurred as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain. Body composition parameters were measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis while dietary intake of proteins, fat, carbohydrates, and energy was measured by a food frequency questionnaire. (3) Results Regarding body composition, no differences were observed in fat mass in % (mean increase 0.05 (2.74); p = 0.567), fat mass in kg (mean increase −0.07 (4.137); p = 0.356) or lean mass in kg (mean increase 0.20 (1.424); p = 0.636). Similarly, no statistically significant differences were observed between the two study periods for any of the nutrients studied, nor for energy intake (p > 0.05 in all cases). (4) Conclusions: After comprehensively assessing body composition and dietary intake of protein, fat, carbohydrates, and energy before and after COVID-19 lockdown in healthy adult women in Spain no changes in the parameters studied were observed during the period analyzed in the women examined. Full article
(This article belongs to the Collection Research in Clinical and Health Contexts)
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12 pages, 298 KiB  
Article
The Network That Unites a Qualitative Study on Clinical Psychological Intervention for Women with a History of Breast Cancer and Chronic Pain
by Marilena Maglia, Julie Tortorici, Vittorio Lenzo, Daniela Aiello, Marco Alì, Rosanna Aiello and Pasquale Caponnetto
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 619-630; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060046 - 11 Jun 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2131
Abstract
The aim of this qualitative research is to deepen the knowledge in the field of psycho-oncology and the consequences of chronic and persistent pain by listening to patients’ experiences, their emotions and difficulties in facing this hard condition, and assessing their perception of [...] Read more.
The aim of this qualitative research is to deepen the knowledge in the field of psycho-oncology and the consequences of chronic and persistent pain by listening to patients’ experiences, their emotions and difficulties in facing this hard condition, and assessing their perception of the role of the psychologist in pain management. In this qualitative study, a semistructured interview was used, designed from three research questions: chronic pain and quality of life; chronic pain and psychological well-being; and the role and perception of the psychologist in pain management. The sample consists of 29 women who suffered or have recovered from breast carcinoma, and who currently report having chronic pain due either to the presence of the cancer or as a result of surgery or treatment. Three themes emerged from the thematic analysis: quality of life and psychological well-being, relational well-being, and perception and role of the psychologist. Two subthemes have been identified for each theme: common features of chronic pain and consequences and resilience for the first theme; not feeling understood and willingness to protect loved ones for the second theme; and improvements perceived by users and reasons for not making use of the service for the last theme. In conclusion, the results obtained from the literature and those from the analysis of the interviews are discussed and compared, and reflections are made on possible future implications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Collection Research in Clinical and Health Contexts)
3 pages, 222 KiB  
Editorial
Introduction to the Special Issue on Cyberbullying and Cybervictimization
by Cecilia Ruiz-Esteban, Inmaculada Méndez and Aitana Fernández-Sogorb
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 616-618; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060045 - 3 Jun 2022
Viewed by 1545
Abstract
Nowadays, the Internet is commonly used by students for both social activities and the academic field [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research in Cyberbullying and Cybervictimization)
15 pages, 1256 KiB  
Systematic Review
Effectiveness of Therapeutic Exercise in Musculoskeletal Risk Factors Related to Swimmer’s Shoulder
by Nuno Tavares, Gonçalo Dias, Paulo Carvalho, João Paulo Vilas-Boas and Maria António Castro
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 601-615; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060044 - 2 Jun 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 3454
Abstract
Background: Therapeutic exercise seems to minimize musculoskeletal risk factors related to swimmer’s shoulder. However, there is an absence of a qualitative evaluation of these programs and a great variability regarding the characteristics of exercises. The objective of this review was to identify, evaluate, [...] Read more.
Background: Therapeutic exercise seems to minimize musculoskeletal risk factors related to swimmer’s shoulder. However, there is an absence of a qualitative evaluation of these programs and a great variability regarding the characteristics of exercises. The objective of this review was to identify, evaluate, and compare exercise programs used to minimize musculoskeletal risk factors related to swimmer’s shoulder. Methods: PubMed, CochraneLibrary, ScienceDirect, and Medscape were searched during January 2022. The research was limited to meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and RCTs written in English, Spanish, and Portuguese without publication time. The researched papers had swimmers as the population, compared an exercise program with another program or without intervention, and had as outcomes musculoskeletal risk factor variables. Results: Eleven articles were considered for analysis. There were three positive effects of strength programs on shoulder rotators’ strength and endurance, two positive effects of strength and stretching programs on shoulder posture, and one positive effect of a stretching program on shoulder ROM and a plyometric program on proprioception. Conclusions: There is high heterogeneity and little methodological quality evidence about the theme. However, strength programs with five or fewer OKC exercises performed out of the water seems to lead to better results in the swimmer’s shoulder prevention. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychological Variables Impacted by Sport Participation)
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22 pages, 324 KiB  
Article
Do Faculty Members Apply the Standards for Developing Gifted Students at Universities? An Exploratory Study
by Fathi Abunasser and Rommel AlAli
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 579-600; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060043 - 2 Jun 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1930
Abstract
Many studies indicate the importance of the management and nurturing of giftedness. They also focus on talent development, primarily, where the main objective is enhancing academic abilities. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to explore the reality of faculty members’ application of [...] Read more.
Many studies indicate the importance of the management and nurturing of giftedness. They also focus on talent development, primarily, where the main objective is enhancing academic abilities. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to explore the reality of faculty members’ application of talent development standards; this is necessary for laying the practical foundations to enhance the academic abilities of talented students according to the standards for verifying quality, and for clarifying the skills and concepts that are taught. The current study was based on the opinions of 122 faculty members from Saudi public universities who had experiences with gifted students, whereby they answered the following question: Do faculty members apply the standards for developing gifted students at universities? The data were collected by developing an instrument. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics that mostly showed the reality of the application of the selected gifted development standards. The results of the perceptions of the faculty members participating in the study showed differences in the application of the proposed gifted development standards according to their academic rank. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Factors Related to School Coexistence at Different Educational Stages)
16 pages, 336 KiB  
Article
How Customers Evaluate Genitalia versus Torso Sex Toys on Amazon.com: A Content Analysis of Product Reviews
by Nicola Döring, Veronika Mikhailova and Pari-Gole Noorishad
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 563-578; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060042 - 1 Jun 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 3207
Abstract
Sex toys are widely marketed on the Internet. Browsing for, buying, and reviewing sex toys online are popular cybersexual activities. The aim of this study was to investigate consumers’ experiences with different types of realistic sex toys via online product reviews on Amazon.com. [...] Read more.
Sex toys are widely marketed on the Internet. Browsing for, buying, and reviewing sex toys online are popular cybersexual activities. The aim of this study was to investigate consumers’ experiences with different types of realistic sex toys via online product reviews on Amazon.com. Toys were categorized in a 2 × 2 design regarding their representation of the human body (genitalia sex toys representing reproductive organs only versus torso toys representing larger parts of the human body) and their depiction of gender (toys representing female versus male body parts). Informed by feminist discourses on sex toys as well as sexual script theory and consumer research, the study explored the overall evaluations (RQ1), most frequently addressed characteristics (RQ2), usage patterns (RQ3), and perceived effects (RQ4) of the four groups of sex toys. A quantitative manual content analysis of N = 778 online sex toy reviews showed that 79% of consumers gave popular realistic sex toys positive ratings (RQ1). The most frequently mentioned characteristics were quality, material, and shape (RQ2). Most reviewers were men and used sex toys for solo sexual activities (RQ3). An additional qualitative analysis of n = 69 reviews addressing the perceived effects of sex toy use revealed that consumers predominantly mentioned positive effects (RQ4). Genitalia sex toys received better evaluations than torso sex toys and were perceived to be complementary tools to enhance sexual arousal, whereas the use of torso toys entailed anthropomorphization and symbolic social interactions. Implications for future research and design of different types of sex toys are discussed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current and Emerging Aspects of Cybersexuality)
14 pages, 913 KiB  
Article
Dark Triad Psychopathy Outperforms Self-Control in Predicting Antisocial Outcomes: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach
by Pedro Pechorro, Shelby Curtis, Matt DeLisi, João Maroco and Cristina Nunes
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 549-562; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060041 - 27 May 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 3557
Abstract
Dark Triad traits and self-control are considered viable causal precursors to antisocial and criminal outcomes in youth. The purpose of the present study is to concurrently compare how Dark Triad traits and self-control differ in terms of predicting self-reported juvenile delinquency, CD symptoms, [...] Read more.
Dark Triad traits and self-control are considered viable causal precursors to antisocial and criminal outcomes in youth. The purpose of the present study is to concurrently compare how Dark Triad traits and self-control differ in terms of predicting self-reported juvenile delinquency, CD symptoms, proactive overt aggression, and crime seriousness. The sample consisted of 567 (M = 15.91 years, SD = 0.99 years, age range = 14–18 years) Southern European youth from Portugal. Structural-equation-modelling procedures revealed that the psychopathy factor of Dark Triad traits presented the strongest significant hypothetical causal associations with the antisocial/criminal outcomes, followed by self-control. Machiavellianism and narcissism presented the lowest causal associations. Our findings indicate that psychopathy, as operationalized in the Dark Triad, concurrently surpasses self-control and the remaining factors of the Dark Triad in terms of predicting antisocial/criminal outcomes in youth. This suggests that behavioral disinhibition, or a core incapacity to regulate one’s conduct, is central for understanding delinquency and externalizing psychopathology. Comparatively, the interpersonal component of dark personality features, such as Machiavellianism and narcissism, are secondary for understanding crime. Full article
(This article belongs to the Collection Variables Related to Well-Being in Adolescence)
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13 pages, 2515 KiB  
Article
Differences in Health-Related Quality of Life in Older People with and without Sarcopenia Covered by Long-Term Care Insurance
by Masahiro Kitamura, Kazuhiro P. Izawa, Kodai Ishihara, Peter H. Brubaker, Hiroaki Matsuda, Soichiro Okamura and Koji Fujioka
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 536-548; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060040 - 26 May 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2490
Abstract
Background: As a result of the increase in older people covered by long-term care insurance (LTCI), prevention of sarcopenia and maintenance and improvement of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) have become important themes. This study aimed to clarify both the differences in HRQOL [...] Read more.
Background: As a result of the increase in older people covered by long-term care insurance (LTCI), prevention of sarcopenia and maintenance and improvement of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) have become important themes. This study aimed to clarify both the differences in HRQOL in older people with and without sarcopenia covered by LTCI and the correlation between HRQOL and physical function. Methods: Participants were 101 older people with LTCI at a daycare center in Japan. We investigated clinical factors using the EuroQol five-dimension three-level questionnaire (EQ-5D-3L). Analysis was by unpaired t-test, Mann–Whitney U test, chi-square test, analysis of covariance, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. Results: Compared to the no sarcopenia group (n = 40), the sarcopenia group (n = 24) had significantly lower body mass index, skeletal muscle mass index, gait speed, EQ-5D-3L, and adjusted EQ-5D-3L (p < 0.05). The EQ-5D-3L showed a significant correlation with handgrip strength in the sarcopenia group (p = 0.02) and significant correlations with gait speed and one-leg standing time (both, p = 0.01) in the no sarcopenia group. Conclusion: We clarified differences in HRQOL in older people with and without sarcopenia covered by LTCI. This information on the interrelationship between HRQOL and physical function may help maintain and improve HRQOL in these people. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sedentary Behaviour as a Risk Factor for Chronic Disease)
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2 pages, 205 KiB  
Editorial
Active or Healthy Ageing: “A Wonderful Journey between Body, Cognition and Emotion”
by Gonçalo Dias
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 534-535; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060039 - 25 May 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1536
Abstract
This Special Issue, “Active or Healthy Ageing”, presupposes a dynamic balance between body, cognition, and emotion, and it promises to be an important resource for any professional working with the older adult population [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active or Healthy Ageing)
18 pages, 2164 KiB  
Article
Self-Assessment of Students of Geography Education and Primary Social and Science Teaching towards the Use of Digital (Geo-) Media for Written and Oral Argumentation
by Sebastian Wolff-Seidel and Alexandra Budke
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(6), 516-533; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12060038 - 25 May 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2029
Abstract
This article discusses possible challenges and potentials in the use of digital geomedia in the context of written and oral argumentation in higher education by examining the perspectives of students and lecturers, especially for the subjects of geography in general and primary school [...] Read more.
This article discusses possible challenges and potentials in the use of digital geomedia in the context of written and oral argumentation in higher education by examining the perspectives of students and lecturers, especially for the subjects of geography in general and primary school science. To this end, potentials and challenges, as well as competences that have to be promoted among pupils and students in dealing with digital geomedia in the context of written and oral argumentation are first discussed. In the following, we present the results of a mixed methods approach in which we surveyed student teachers with a questionnaire (n = 150) on the one hand and, on the other hand, reflected their view of the issue by analysing qualitative expert interviews (n = 17) with lecturers who teach at the same universities in the corresponding degree programmes. In this way we contextualise the student’s self-assessment in the respective location’s teacher training. Our results show that there is a high degree of commonality between lecturers and students with regard to the importance of argumentation with digital geomedia. At the same time, the assessment of the students’ abilities differs greatly; most students feel capable of dealing with these topics, while lecturers see deficits here. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Insights in the Teaching and Learning of Geography)
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