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Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites

School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
Centre for Advanced Composite Materials, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
Institute of Tropical Forest and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, Serdang 43400, Malaysia
Bioresource Technology Division, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Gelugor 11800, Malaysia
Research Centre for Chemical Defence, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM), Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(17), 3045;
Submission received: 12 August 2022 / Accepted: 24 August 2022 / Published: 2 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fiber Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites)
“Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites” is a newly open Special Issue of Nanomaterials, which aims to publish original and review papers on new scientific and applied research and make boundless contributions to the finding and understanding of the reinforcing effects of various nanomaterials on the performance of polymer nanocomposites. This Special Issue also covers the fundamentals, characterization, and applications of fiber-reinforced polymer nanocomposites.
Today, nanomaterials are used in several applications, including composites, packaging, electronic, electrical, structural, energy storage, automotive, filtering, and coating applications, among other (Figure 1) [1,2,3,4,5]. The continuous development and appearance on the market of new high-performance reinforcing nanomaterials in polymer composites has constituted a strong challenge for researchers to design and adapt new functional nanocomposites for several applications [2,6,7]. This Special Issue aims to provide deep insights into the reinforcing effects of various nanomaterials on the mechanical, physical, thermal, and electrical performance of polymer nanocomposites.
Nanomaterials can be classified into natural and synthetic. Nanocellulose, nano-clay, graphene and MXene, carbon nanofibers and nanotubes, silica nanoparticles, and ZnO quantum dots are common nanomaterials used in polymer nanocomposites [8,9,10]. Most have several valuable features, such as being renewable and having large specific surface areas, high crystallinities, and surface functionalization capabilities. Nanomaterials can play two essential roles in polymer nanocomposites. The first is to improve the various performances of the material, such as mechanical, barrier, thermal, flame retardancy, and electrical performances. Meanwhile, the second is the modification of miscibility and morphology of the polymer nanocomposites.
Interestingly, research in the field of fiber-reinforced polymer nanocomposites received a lot of findings that positively contributed to many applications such as biomedical, automotive, electronics, structural materials, packaging [11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19], textile, military, gas sensing [20], membrane [21], aerospace [22], heat transfer fluid, and cooling applications [23]. Despite the outstanding achievements obtained thus far, the performance of fiber-reinforced polymer nanocomposites overall is sometimes insufficient for emerging industrial applications. Thus, more studies on the performances such as electrical, thermal, fire-resistant, and electromagnetic shielding are urgently needed. In addition, the nanomaterials market is still far from reaching its full potential. Several challenges exist, including a lack of process-adapted, continuous resources and the measuring tools capable of characterizing nanomaterials to meet industrial demands, in addition to scant expertise and cost inefficiencies.
This Special Issue will cover recent advances in the three primary aspects of processing, characterization, and performance. Both synthetic and natural nanomaterials-based composites are welcome. Moreover, this issue is welcomed in several vital aspects, such as the production of nanomaterials, surface and interfacial characterization of its properties, economic feasibility, challenges, and future perspectives in the field of polymer nanocomposites; as a result, current and future literature data can be enriched.


This research was funded by Universiti Teknologi Malaysia grant number PY/2022/02318—Q.J130000.3851.21H99, and Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia (MOHE) grant number JPT (BPKI) 1000/016/018/25 (57).


The authors would like to thank Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, and the Ministry of Education, Malaysia, for their financial support. The authors would like express their gratitude for the financial support received from the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, project “The impact of Malaysian bamboos’ chemical and fibre characteristics on their pulp and paper properties, grant number PY/2022/02318— Q.J130000.3851.21H99”. The research has been carried out under the program Research Excellence Consortium (JPT (BPKI) 1000/016/018/25 (57)) provided by the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia (MOHE).

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Short Biography of Authors

Nanomaterials 12 03045 i001R. A. Ilyas is a senior lecturer at the School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia. He received his Diploma in Forestry at Universiti Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Campus (UPMKB), Sarawak, Malaysia, from May 2009 to April 2012. In 2012, he was awarded the Public Service Department (JPA) scholarship to pursue his bachelor’s degree (BSc) in Chemical Engineering at Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Upon completing his BSc. programme in 2016, he was again awarded the Graduate Research Fellowship (GRF) by the Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) to undertake a PhD degree in the field of Biocomposite Technology and Design at Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP) UPM. R.A. Ilyas was the recipient of MVP Doctor of Philosophy Gold Medal Award UPM 2019, for Best Ph.D. Thesis and Top Student Award, INTROP, UPM. He was awarded Outstanding Reviewer by Carbohydrate Polymers, Elsevier United Kingdom, Best Paper Award (11th AUN/SEED-Net Regional Conference on Energy Engineering), and National Book Award 2018, Best Paper Award (Seminar Enau Kebangsaan 2019, Persatuan Pembangunan dan Industri Enau Malaysia) and Top Cited Article 2020-2021 Journal Polymer Composite, Wiley, 2022. R.A. Ilyas also was listed and awarded among the World’s Top 2% Scientists (Subject-Wise) citation impact during the single calendar year 2019 and 2020 by Stanford University, US, PERINTIS Publication Award 2021 and 2022 by Persatuan Saintis Muslim Malaysia, Emerging Scholar Award by Automotive and Autonomous Systems 2021, Belgium, Young Scientists Network—Academy of Sciences Malaysia (YSN-ASM) 2021, UTM Young Research Award 2021, UTM Publication Award 2021, and UTM Highly Cited Researcher Award 2021. His main research interests are: (1) polymer engineering (biodegradable polymers, biopolymers, polymer composites, polymer gels) and (2) material engineering (natural fiber-reinforced polymer composites, biocomposites, cellulose materials, nano-composites). To date, he has authored or co-authored more than 404 publications (published/accepted): 164 Journals Indexed in JCR/Scopus, 2 non-index Journal, 15 books, 104 book chapters, 78 conference proceedings/seminars, 4 research bulletins, 10 conference papers (abstract published in book of abstract), 17 Guest Editor of Journal Special Issues and 10 Editor/Co-Editor of Conference/Seminar Proceedings on green materials related subjects.
Nanomaterials 12 03045 i002N. M. Nurazzi is a senior lecturer at School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, 11800 Malaysia. Before joining Universiti Sains Malaysia he experienced as Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Centre for Defence Foundation Studies, National Defence University of Malaysia, under the Newton Research Grant for the study on “Role of Intermolecular Interaction in Conductive Polymer Wrapped MWCNT as Organophosphate Sensing Material Structure”. He obtained a Diploma in Polymer Technology from Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) in 2009, a Bachelor of Science (BSc.) in Polymer Technology from Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) in 2011, Master of Science (MSc.) from Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) in 2014 under Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia scholarship. In 2018, he was awarded a PhD from Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) in Materials Engineering under the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia scholarship. His main research interest includes materials engineering, polymer composites and characterizations, natural fibre composites, and carbon nanotubes for chemical sensors. To date, he has authored and co-authored more than 100 citations indexed in journals on polymer composites, natural fibre composites, and materials science-related subjects, 30 book chapters, 15 conference proceedings/seminars and 3 Guest Editor of Journal special issues.
Nanomaterials 12 03045 i003M. N. F. Norrrahim is working as a research officer in Research Center for Chemical Defence, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia. He completed his Ph.D. in the field of Nanotechnology at the Universiti Putra Malaysia in 2018. He had secured several awards for his innovations and technology developments. His research interests include nanotechnology, nanocellulose, bio-adsorbent, bio-polymer, bio-composites, and biotechnology. To date, he has authored or co-authored more than 90 publications including 55 manuscripts published in indexed Journals (Scopus/WOS). He also authored 1 book entitled “Industrial Applications of Nanocellulose and its Nanocomposites” published by Elsevier.
Figure 1. Various applications of nanomaterials.
Figure 1. Various applications of nanomaterials.
Nanomaterials 12 03045 g001
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Ilyas, R.A.; Nurazzi, N.M.; Norrrahim, M.N.F. Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites. Nanomaterials 2022, 12, 3045.

AMA Style

Ilyas RA, Nurazzi NM, Norrrahim MNF. Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites. Nanomaterials. 2022; 12(17):3045.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ilyas, R. A., N. M. Nurazzi, and M. N. F. Norrrahim. 2022. "Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites" Nanomaterials 12, no. 17: 3045.

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