# A Rule-Based Heuristic Methodology for Su-Field Analysis in Industrial Engineering Design

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## Abstract

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## 1. Introduction

- Inventive Standard 1.1.4: Transition to SFM by using external environment.
- If there is an SFM that is not easy to change as required, and the conditions contain restrictions on the introduction or attachment of substances, the problem has to be solved by synthesizing an SFM using the external environment as the substance.

## 2. Literature Review

## 3. Su-Field Analysis for Industrial Engineering Design

- Inventive Standard 5.3.1: Changing of phase state.
- The efficiency of the use of a substance without introducing other substances is improved by changing its phase.

- Inventive Standard 1.1.4: Transition to SFM by using external environment.
- If there is an SFM that is not easy to change as required, and the conditions contain restrictions on the introduction or attachment of substances, the problem has to be solved by synthesizing an SFM using external environment as substance.

## 4. Proposed Methods

- Stage 1: Build the knowledge base of heuristic Su-Field analysis, consisting of Su-Field analysis ontology and fuzzy analysis ontology. The knowledge base provides foundations for developing intelligent industrial systems.
- Stage 2: Establish SWRL rules and fuzzy rules for reasoning.

- Stage 1: Fuzzy reasoning is implemented to determine inventive standards.
- Stage 2: SWRL reasoning is implemented to produce heuristic abstract solutions based on the selected or identified inventive standards.

#### 4.1. Construction of Knowledge Base

#### 4.1.1. Su-Field Analysis Ontology

#### 4.1.2. Fuzzy Analysis Ontology

#### 4.2. Design of Rules

#### 4.2.1. Fuzzy Rules

#### 4.2.2. SWRL Rules

- Eight SWRL rules for A-class inventive standards: There are forty inventive standards that are condensed and generalized into seven generalized standard solutions, and the inference rules are set according to seven generalized standard solutions instead of all the forty inventive standards. There are at least one SWRL rule for each generalized standard solution.
- Thirty-four SWRL rules for B-class inventive standards: There are thirty-one inventive standards identified as the implementation of existing inventive principles, and so the SWRL rules are set for each inventive standard.

#### 4.3. Inference for Heuristic Su-Field Analysis

## 5. Case of Study

- Inventive Standard 1.1.1: Synthesis of Su-Field model.If there is an object that is not easy to change as required, and the conditions do not contain any restrictions on the introduction of substances and fields, the problem is to be solved by synthesizing an SFM: the object is subjected to the action of a physical field that produces the necessary change in the object. The missing elements are introduced accordingly.

## 6. Conclusions

#### 6.1. Contributions to Theory and Practice

#### 6.2. Research Limitations and Future Directions

## Author Contributions

## Funding

## Institutional Review Board Statement

## Informed Consent Statement

## Data Availability Statement

## Conflicts of Interest

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Fuzzy Rule | Fuzzy Variable | Fuzzy Term | Fuzzy Set |
---|---|---|---|

Antecedent | difficulty | easy | ZFuzzySet (0, 100.0) |

Conclusion | applicability | useful | LeftLinearFuzzySet (1.0, 75.0) |

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**MDPI and ACS Style**

Yan, W.; Zanni-Merk, C.; Cavallucci, D.; Cao, Q.; Zhang, L.; Ji, Z.
A Rule-Based Heuristic Methodology for Su-Field Analysis in Industrial Engineering Design. *Information* **2022**, *13*, 143.
https://doi.org/10.3390/info13030143

**AMA Style**

Yan W, Zanni-Merk C, Cavallucci D, Cao Q, Zhang L, Ji Z.
A Rule-Based Heuristic Methodology for Su-Field Analysis in Industrial Engineering Design. *Information*. 2022; 13(3):143.
https://doi.org/10.3390/info13030143

**Chicago/Turabian Style**

Yan, Wei, Cecilia Zanni-Merk, Denis Cavallucci, Qiushi Cao, Liang Zhang, and Zengyan Ji.
2022. "A Rule-Based Heuristic Methodology for Su-Field Analysis in Industrial Engineering Design" *Information* 13, no. 3: 143.
https://doi.org/10.3390/info13030143