Religious Coping of Selected Filipino Catholic Youth
Involves beliefs, practices, and rituals related to the transcendent, where the transcendent is God, Allah, HaShem, or a Higher Power in Western religious traditions, or to Brahman, manifestations of Brahman, Buddha, Dao, or ultimate truth/reality in Eastern traditions. This often involves the mystical or supernatural. Religions usually have specific beliefs about life after death and rules about conduct within a social group. Religion is a multidimensional construct that includes beliefs, behaviors, rituals, and ceremonies that may be held or practiced in private or public settings but are in some way derived from established traditions that developed over time within a community.(p. 3)
1.1. Religion as a Coping Resource
We are tempted to always seek [solutions for] ourselves, brooding and sinking into anguish, licking our wounds, instead of going to [Jesus], who says, “Come to me, all who labour and are heavily laden, and I will give you rest”, (Mt 11: 28). Let us not be held captive by the temptation to remain alone and discouraged, crying about what is happening to us. Let us not give in to the useless and inconclusive logic of fear, resignedly repeating that everything is going badly and nothing is as it once was.(para. 7)
1.2. Religious Coping among Youth
1.3. Faith, Culture, and Doctrine: Coping Resources for Filipino Catholics
The Philippine nation is deserving of particular honor since, from the beginning of its Christianization, from the moment that Magellan planted the Cross in Cebu [province] on 15 April 1521, all through the centuries, its people have remained true to the Christian faith. In an achievement that remains unparalleled in history, the message of Christ took root in the hearts of the people within a very brief period, and the Church was thus strongly implanted in this nation of seven thousand islands and numerous tribal and ethnic communities.(para. 2)
Filipino culture has been shaped by the imagination of faith. Filipinos everywhere are known for their love of God, their fervent piety, and their warm devotion to Our Lady and her rosary. This great heritage contains a powerful missionary potential. It is how [the Filipino] people have inculturated the Gospel and continue to embrace it.(para. 8)
The light of faith does not make us forget the sufferings of this world. […] Faith is not a light which scatters all our darkness, but a lamp which guides our steps in the night and suffices for the journey. To those who suffer, God does not provide arguments which explain everything; rather, his response is that of an accompanying presence, a history of goodness which touches every story of suffering and opens up a ray of light.(para. 57)
as the respondents get older, their participation in religious practices, such as attending church, Bible study and praying, becomes more frequent and their personal religious commitment and motivation become stronger. Older people often consider religious activities as their most common social activity as well as their most significant factor that support them to cope with physical health problems(p. 1392)
1.4. The Religiosity of the Filipino Catholic Youth
the total population of the country was at 100,981,484, wherein 29.31% belonged to the 15 to 30 age brackets. The younger cohort (15 to 22 years old) of the population was at 15.9 million and the older cohort (23 to 30 years old) was at 13.6 million. The male youth was at 14.92% and the female youth was at 14.40% of the total country population
Having moderate knowledge of Catholic doctrine. They can explain their views to a moderate extent only. In terms of morals, Filipino Catholic youth hold beliefs that are moderately consistent with what the Catholic Church teaches. In terms of practices, they go to Mass at least once a week, pray the Rosary regularly, and visit the Blessed Sacrament often. Going to confession is done less frequently, about a few times a year. Personal prayer is done several times a day. The Filipino Catholic youth strongly feel the presence of God in their lives and they have had religious experiences that indicate this presence.(p. 132)
2. Measuring the Religious Coping of Filipino Catholic Youth
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|Factors||Sample Item||Number of Items|
|Positive Religious Coping||Look for a stronger connection with God.||7|
|Negative Religious Coping||Wondered whether God had abandoned me.||7|
|n = 335|
|Positive Religious Coping||2.82||0.86||−0.54||−0.69||0.93|
|1. Looked for a stronger connection with God.||2.90||1.03|
|2. Sought God’s love and care.||3.00||1.00|
|3. Sought help from God in letting go of my anger.||2.84||1.09|
|4. Tried to put my plans into action together with God.||2.79||1.03|
|5. Tried to see how God might be trying to strengthen me in this situation.||3.01||0.99|
|6. Asked forgiveness for my sins.||3.07||1.02|
|7. Focused on religion to stop worrying about my problems.||2.13||0.98|
|Negative Religious Coping||1.70||0.69||1.20||1.24||0.86|
|8. Wondered whether God had abandoned me.||1.94||1.02|
|9. Felt punished by God for my lack of devotion.||1.93||1.01|
|10. Wondered what I did for God to punish me.||1.96||1.03|
|11. Questioned God’s love for me.||1.70||0.94|
|12. Wondered whether my church had abandoned me.||1.42||0.82|
|13. Decided the devil made this happen.||1.41||0.78|
|14. Questioned the power of God.||1.53||0.87|
|Factors and Statements||Standardized |
|Positive Religious Coping|
|1. Looked for a stronger connection with God.||0.93 *||0.044||21.05|
|2. Sought God’s love and care.||0.88 *||0.043||20.16|
|3. Sought help from God in letting go of my anger.||0.87 *||0.05||17.45|
|4. Tried to put my plans into action together with God.||0.9 *||0.045||20.2|
|5. Tried to see how God might be trying to strengthen me in this situation.||0.81 *||0.045||18.1|
|6. Asked forgiveness for my sins.||0.73 *||0.049||15.02|
|7. Focused on religion to stop worrying about my problems.||0.71 *||0.047||15.03|
|Negative Religious Coping|
|8. Wondered whether God had abandoned me.||0.81 *||0.048||16.82|
|9. Felt punished by God for my lack of devotion.||0.71 *||0.05||14.05|
|10. Wondered what I did for God to punish me.||0.79 *||0.049||15.97|
|11. Questioned God’s love for me.||0.78 *||0.043||17.95|
|12. Wondered whether my church had abandoned me.||0.54 *||0.041||13.11|
|13. Decided the devil made this happen.||0.32||0.043||7.433|
|14. Questioned the power of God.||0.55 *||0.045||12.26|
|Positive Religious Coping|
|Negative Religious Coping||0.052|
|Positive Religious Coping||2.82||Reject Ho, Accept Ha|
|Negative Religious Coping||1.75|
|t Statistic||17.64 *|
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del Castillo, F.; Alino, M.A. Religious Coping of Selected Filipino Catholic Youth. Religions 2020, 11, 462. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11090462
del Castillo F, Alino MA. Religious Coping of Selected Filipino Catholic Youth. Religions. 2020; 11(9):462. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11090462Chicago/Turabian Style
del Castillo, Fides, and Marie Antoniette Alino. 2020. "Religious Coping of Selected Filipino Catholic Youth" Religions 11, no. 9: 462. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11090462