A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Votes of People with Short Life Expectancy from Being a Long-Term Burden to Their Country
An interesting challenge to the implementation of this principle in the real world arises when there exists a stark polarization of opinion between two or more social groups (McCoy et al. 2018; Svolik 2019), most strongly felt in majoritarian democracies such as the United Kingdom (Cairney 2018). This challenge is particularly practically significant when it regards an issue which is likely to have profound and long-lasting effects (Ford and Goodwin 2017). The recent referendum vote by the British public regarding the membership of the United Kingdom in the European Union (colloquially often referred to as the “Brexit” vote) illustrates this point most poignantly indeed: exit polls conducted by numerous established polling organizations show a steep and consistent gradient across different age groups (Eichengreen et al. 2021). This differentiation is illustrated in Figure 1 where a close to linear relationship can be observed, with voters aged 65+ more than twice as likely to vote ‘leave’ than their 18–24 year old compatriots.“the idea of a community as governing itself by fostering the free expression of all political opinions that take shape within it, and finding some means of reducing this multiplicity of opinions to a unity”.
2. Analysis and Re-Imagination of the Democratic Vote
2.1. On the Principle
2.2. A Fairer System
2.2.1. A Simple Baseline
2.2.2. A More Nuanced Solution
2.3. Relationship to Alternative Proposals
Despite the seemingly coercive spirit of mandatory voting, the practice appears to be generally welcome by the voting public of the corresponding jurisdictions (Bennett 2005).“… sends the message that every vote matters…”.
It is fair to say that at present, a sufficient amount of high quality evidence which would allow for the deconfounding of a myriad of potential correlates, is still lacking, this making a strong intellectual commitment one way or another imprudent.“…compelling those who are not particularly interested in, or informed about, the political process to vote increases the proportion of random votes and we show that under simple majority rule, compulsory voting may violate the Pareto principle; the less popular candidate is more likely to be elected. Our results cast doubt on the ‘miracle of aggregation”argument, which optimistically concludes that as long as uninformed votes are not systematically biased, they will have no effect on voting outcomes.”
2.4. Practical Consequences
3. Summary and Conclusions
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
The reader should not be mislead by the word “consensus” and think that by stating this I am assuming consensualism, sometimes referred to as “consensus democracy”, alone; even in other forms of democracy, consensus comes as part and parcel of the democratic system, e.g., even the consensual agreement about the orderly transition of power is a reflection of a type of consensus.
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Arandjelović, O. A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Votes of People with Short Life Expectancy from Being a Long-Term Burden to Their Country. Soc. Sci. 2023, 12, 173. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci12030173
Arandjelović O. A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Votes of People with Short Life Expectancy from Being a Long-Term Burden to Their Country. Social Sciences. 2023; 12(3):173. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci12030173Chicago/Turabian Style
Arandjelović, Ognjen. 2023. "A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Votes of People with Short Life Expectancy from Being a Long-Term Burden to Their Country" Social Sciences 12, no. 3: 173. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci12030173