Online and Offline Coordination in Australia’s Far-Right: A Study of True Blue Crew
‘Although you regard yourself as a patriot who holds mainstream views, it is clear that the jury found otherwise. The jury must have accepted that your particular cause was to reduce the influence of people or groups associated, or perceived to be associated, with left-wing ideology, and/or Muslims. It is not surprising that they did so, given the views you expressed (in numerous documents, and in many hours of intercepted telephone conversations), and the types of organisations to which you belonged (such as Reclaim Australia, and The True Blue Crew)’.(Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions v Phillip Michael Galea; Australian Government 2020, p. 1)
2. Literature Review
- Australia Pride March in Melbourne City, Victoria on 25 June 2017;
- Australia Day BBQ at St Kilda, Victoria on 26 January 2018; and
- Australian Flag March in Melbourne City, Victoria on 24 June 2018.
3.1. The Current Study
3.2. Online Data Collection and Analysis
- the theme and narrative present or depicted by the administrator or user’s content description (e.g., ‘We are waving goodbye to the Australian race as last year’s census shows we become more Asian than European!’/notions of white genocide associated with anti-immigration sentiment in general and anti-Asian sentiment in particular);
- the descriptive language and pejoratives used in each post and comment (e.g., words, such as ‘savage’, ‘radicals’, ‘cunts’);
- whether the post identified any out-group(s) and/or in-group(s) (e.g., Antifa);
- the tone of the post’s or comment’s message and administrator and user’s description (e.g., aggressive, threatening, humorous, sarcastic, celebratory, or unclear);
- any accompanying descriptions of media contained in the post; and
- a direct quote from the administrator or user’s post or comment.
3.3. Offline Data Collection and Analysis
4.1. Qualitative Timeline
4.1.1. Months Prior
4.1.2. Weeks Prior
4.1.3. Days Prior
4.1.4. The Day of: Offline
4.1.5. The Day of: Online
4.1.6. Days Following
4.2. Quantitative User Analysis
5.1. A Lack of Momentum
5.2. Increasing Radicalisation (to Violence)
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Reclaim Australia Rally||150||82|
|Soldiers of Odin Australia. Main Page & Melbourne Division||117||32|
|Neil Erikson/Nationalist Uprising||82||24|
|Australia—‘Love it, or Leave’||72||49|
|Aussie Angels Against Sharia||55||36|
|PDLA Patriots Defence League—Australia||55||37|
|Aussie Pride—No Islam—No Shariah Law||49||45|
|Stop the Mosque in Bendigo/Stop the Mosques Australia||41||41|
|Australian Department of Public Enlightenment||32||11|
|Eureka Youth League||19||1|
|Nationalist Alternative Australia||16||2|
|Infidel Brotherhood Of Australia Resistance||12||14|
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Hutchinson, J.; Iqbal, M.; Peucker, M.; Smith, D. Online and Offline Coordination in Australia’s Far-Right: A Study of True Blue Crew. Soc. Sci. 2022, 11, 421. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11090421
Hutchinson J, Iqbal M, Peucker M, Smith D. Online and Offline Coordination in Australia’s Far-Right: A Study of True Blue Crew. Social Sciences. 2022; 11(9):421. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11090421Chicago/Turabian Style
Hutchinson, Jade, Muhammad Iqbal, Mario Peucker, and Debra Smith. 2022. "Online and Offline Coordination in Australia’s Far-Right: A Study of True Blue Crew" Social Sciences 11, no. 9: 421. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11090421