Importance of Skills Development for Ensuring Graduates Employability: The Case of Bangladesh
2. Theoretical Framework
3. Background and Literature Review
3.1. Effects of COVID-19 on Unemployment in Bangladesh
3.2. Need of Skills Development for Future Employability
3.3. Skills Development for Achieving SDGs
- What is the current state of skill sets possessed by the graduates, and if they consider it enough for future employability? Moreover, if they face any barriers in accessing skill development programs?
- Is there any existing skill development program offered by the government or educational institutes?
- Are the graduates aware of the need for skills development for future employability?
4. Materials and Methods
4.1. Sample Size
4.2. Research Design and Instrument
4.3. Analysis Process
5.1. Need for Further Skills Development for Graduate Employability
5.2. Lack of Initiative for Skills Development Program
5.3. Graduates’ Tendency towards Government Sector Jobs
5.4. Barriers for Skills Development Program
5.5. Lacks in Skill Development Initiatives
6. Discussion and Recommendations
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Enrolled Education Program||Undergraduate||349||78.1|
|Current Employment Status||Not in Employment||358||80.1|
|1||Evaluate your current skillset for future employability based on your hard skills.||Quantitative|
|2||Evaluate your current skillset for future employability based on your soft skills.||Quantitative|
|3||Evaluate your current skillset for future employability based on your technological skills.||Quantitative|
|4||Evaluate your employability chances based on your existing skill set.||Quantitative|
|5||Do you think there is a mismatch between the current skill sets graduates to possess and the required skill sets for employment?||Qualitative|
|6||Do you consider the higher education institutes were doing enough to ensure sustainable skills development for university students’ employability?||Qualitative|
|7||Select the employment sectors you would prioritize the most while starting your careers.||Qualitative|
|8||Did you have one or multiple barriers to accessing skills development programs?||Qualitative|
|1||Evaluate your current skillset for future employability based on your hard skills.||0.983|
|2||Evaluate your current skillset for future employability based on your soft skills.|
|3||Evaluate your current skillset for future employability based on your technological skills.|
|4||Evaluate your employability chances based on your existing skill set.|
|Name of Skill Sets||Hard Skills||Soft Skills||Technological Skills|
|Level of Evaluation||Hard Skills||Soft Skills||Technological Skills|
|N||437 (100.0%)||437 (100.0%)||437 (100.0%)|
|Do not have the skills for employment||105 (24.0%)||84 (19.2%)||92 (21.0%)|
|Not enough for employment||135 (31.0%)||151 (34.5%)||144 (33.0%)|
|Needs more development for employment||66 (15.0%)||84 (19.2%)||100 (22.9%)|
|Barely enough for employment||44 (10.0%)||97 (22.2%)||79 (18.1%)|
|More than enough for employment||87 (20.0%)||21 (4.9%)||22 (5.0%)|
|Very less chances for employment||90||20.5|
|Low chances for employment||87||20.0|
|Average chances for employment||121||27.7|
|High chances for employment||113||25.9|
|Very high chances for employment||26||5.9|
|Employment Sector||1st Choice||2nd Choice||3rd Choice|
|Research & Development||75||17.2||61||14.0||45||10.3|
|Barriers to Involvement in Skills Development||Frequency||Percentage|
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Alam, M.J.; Ogawa, K.; Islam, S.R.B. Importance of Skills Development for Ensuring Graduates Employability: The Case of Bangladesh. Soc. Sci. 2022, 11, 360. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11080360
Alam MJ, Ogawa K, Islam SRB. Importance of Skills Development for Ensuring Graduates Employability: The Case of Bangladesh. Social Sciences. 2022; 11(8):360. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11080360Chicago/Turabian Style
Alam, Md Jahangir, Keiichi Ogawa, and Sheikh Rashid Bin Islam. 2022. "Importance of Skills Development for Ensuring Graduates Employability: The Case of Bangladesh" Social Sciences 11, no. 8: 360. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11080360