The Need to Articulate Historic and Cultural Dimensions of Landscapes in Sustainable Environmental Planning—A Swedish Case Study
- What are the opportunities and challenges to ensure consideration of the historic and cultural dimensions of landscapes?
- Which historic and cultural landscape dimensions are considered?
- What is the awareness and knowledge about the concepts of ES and CES?
- Is the implementation of ES and understanding of CES related to the established practice of heritage planning?
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. The Case Study Area
3.1. Historic and Cultural Landscape Dimensions Are Important
“The job was to restore and recreate old overgrown pastures and meadows and to win back the old cultural landscape. We included quite a lot of land in this project, often not based on the natural values, instead based on, for example, old boundaries, village boundaries between grazing and outfield. The project was based on a combination of cultural history and natural values”.
3.2. Conceptual Ambiguities
“A process—it changes because historic and cultural dimensions are the impact of humans on the environment, the landscape and the buildings…”.
3.3. Unclear Policy and Assignments
“After all, there is a political program, where you put forward nice wishes about how things should be. The ideas are put into an action plan where you make priorities, but historic and cultural values are rarely highlighted, so we lose it on the way. You continue to work and continue to feel that you have no control. I would like to have an action plan with headings, such as cultural heritage, that include the activities we have on this topic. What is the focus of our attention? How can we work successfully? At present, some idea pops up and, yes, we implement it but our work on cultural heritage becomes event driven.”
3.4. Limited Cross-Sectorial Coordination
“I don’t consider myself to work with historic and cultural landscape dimensions as I don’t work with physical places… there has been no political awareness and much of this work seems to belong to the planning office …much has been left to the non-profit NGOs … I can’t say with good conscience that we have clear structures. We would, if we pushed in the same direction and knew what we wanted, be a force in the right direction. Instead, it is a force that spreads in all possible directions…”
3.5. Lack of Awareness, Knowledge, Resources and Other Priorities
“Ignorance is an incredible resistance, especially when it is paired with fact resistance and denial of knowledge”.
3.6. Historic and Cultural Landscape Dimensions Considered
3.7. Awareness, Knowledge, and Implementation of the ES and CES
“The events are under the auspices of the municipality although the biosphere office and County Administrative Board are involved players. We invite them and they become part owners of these project ideas and arrangements. Thus, we get a greater efficiency and gain more expertise when we create the events. It is important to find a form of co-creative processes so that everyone feels that they own the products. If you have confidence in each other, it will give results.”
4.1. Opportunities and Challenges to Ensure Consideration of the Historic and Cultural Dimensions of Landscapes
4.2. Heritage Planning and the ES Approach
4.3. Concluding Remarks
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Themes||Open-Ended Questions||Closed-Ended Questions|
|Landscape dimensions considered||Which historic and cultural landscape dimensions:|
Are regularly considered?
Are not considered?
Need more focus?
|Respondents were asked to mark multiple choices related to which historic and cultural landscape dimensions they consider in their work. The respondents also had the opportunity to add choices.|
Red colour = regularly considered
Green colour = need more focus.
No mark/colour = not considered
|Status||What is the status of historic and cultural landscape dimensions in planning and management?|
|Opportunities and challenges||What are your arguments and the limiting factors to ensure consideration of historic and cultural landscape dimensions in planning and decision-making?|
|Ecosystem services||Are you familiar with the concept of ES and CES?|
Do you work with ES?
How do you define CES?
|Methods and guiding policies||Which methods, directives, laws, policies, and documents guide you in your work?||Respondents were asked to mark multiple choices related to the question: “Which directives, laws, policies, and documents guide you in your work?”|
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Eliasson, I.; Fredholm, S.; Knez, I.; Gustavsson, E. The Need to Articulate Historic and Cultural Dimensions of Landscapes in Sustainable Environmental Planning—A Swedish Case Study. Land 2022, 11, 1915. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11111915
Eliasson I, Fredholm S, Knez I, Gustavsson E. The Need to Articulate Historic and Cultural Dimensions of Landscapes in Sustainable Environmental Planning—A Swedish Case Study. Land. 2022; 11(11):1915. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11111915Chicago/Turabian Style
Eliasson, Ingegärd, Susanne Fredholm, Igor Knez, and Eva Gustavsson. 2022. "The Need to Articulate Historic and Cultural Dimensions of Landscapes in Sustainable Environmental Planning—A Swedish Case Study" Land 11, no. 11: 1915. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11111915