# Parameter Estimation and Assessment of Infiltration Models for Madjez Ressoul Catchment, Algeria

^{1}

^{2}

^{*}

## Abstract

**:**

## 1. Introduction

## 2. Materials and Methods

#### 2.1. Study Area

#### 2.2. Field Measurements and Measuring Methods

#### 2.3. Parametrization of Infiltration Models for Madjez Ressoul Catchment

^{−1}], ${f}_{c}$ is the final constant infiltration capacity in [LT

^{−1}], ${f}_{0}$ is the initial infiltration capacity at time $t=0$ in [LT

^{−1}], and k in [T

^{−1}] is the decay rate constant.

^{−1}], and $A$ and $B$ are the unknown equation parameters representing soil infiltration characteristics, with A being a measure of the initial rate of infiltration and structural condition of the soil, and B an index of soil structural stability.

^{−1}], $S$ in [LT

^{−0.5}] is the sorptivity parameter reflecting the soil absorption capacity as a function of the soil matric forces during the initial phases of the infiltration process, and $K$ in [LT

^{−1}] is a constant proportional to the hydraulic conductivity.

#### 2.4. Model Calibration and Assessment of Model Parameters

^{2}).

^{−1}), $\overline{{f}_{\mathrm{Obs}}}\left(i,j\right)$ is the mean observed infiltration rate in (LT

^{−1}), ${f}_{sim}\left(i,j\right)$ is the simulated infiltration rates in (LT

^{−1}).

## 3. Results

#### 3.1. Effect of Soil Texture and Soil Moisture on Infiltration Rates

#### 3.2. Performance Evaluation of Infiltration Models for Predicting Infiltration Rates

**B**varies between 0.425 and 0.6 for most sites except site 2, where the maximum value of 0.89 was obtained. Similarly, Philip parameter

**K**varies for most sites between 0.012 and 0.038 cm/h except for sites 5, 11, and 20, which have significantly higher values of 0.99, 0.743, and 0.841 cm/h, respectively. The results obtained for Kostiakov parameters

**A**and

**B**agree with earlier studies despite the arguments of [79] that the range of parameter

**B**can be mathematically higher than one. Higher B values were obtained for steeper slopes and for a more significant rate of decline in soil infiltration, as shown for sites 12, 15, 21, and 24. The other asserted drawback from the results of this study is the weakness of the Kostiakov model for converging toward a final steady infiltration rate (${f}_{c}$).

^{−1}) at site 6 to 6.744 (h

^{−1}) at site 2, and the Kostiakov parameter A ranges from 2.174 at site 2 to 7.29 at site 14. Nonetheless, several sites exhibit similar values. The Philip parameter S (i.e., soil sorptivity) has significantly higher variation, ranging from 4.854 cm/h

^{−0.5}at site 20 to 6.17 cm/h

^{−0.5}at site 6, in contrast to nearly 16 cm/h

^{−0.5}at sites 14, 15, and 25. Nonetheless, 12 out of 25 sites exhibited equivalent sorptivity values ranging between S = 11 cm/h

^{−0.5}and S = 13 cm/h

^{−0.5}. Table 4 summarizes the best-estimated parameters for the three infiltration models at each test location.

**S**of the Philip model reflects approximately the Sorptivity of the soil, parameter

**K**was found as not closely dependent on the infiltration rate [80,81]. The inferior ability of the Philip model to accurately express infiltration rates for Madjez Ressoul Catchment suggests that the soil structure and other hydraulic parameters are crucial factors affecting infiltration. It can be concluded that the applicability of the Philip model for the Madjez Ressoul Catchment requires further site investigations and measurements on small grids to estimate its parameters experimentally, rather than using estimates from the model. It is also clear that site 2 (i.e., a superficial formation within a dry farming zone) and site 7 (i.e., a conglomerate soil) require further site investigations.

## 4. Conclusions

## Author Contributions

## Funding

## Institutional Review Board Statement

## Informed Consent Statement

## Data Availability Statement

## Conflicts of Interest

## References

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**Figure 5.**Inter-comparison of field infiltration rates from different models for Madjez Ressoul catchment.

**Figure 6.**(

**a**) Overall linear dependency of observed versus simulated infiltration rates at all site locations. (

**b**) Overall behavior of the models’ simulations compared to the overall field measurements.

**Figure 8.**Variation of the three models’ parameters and infiltration rates over Medjaz Ressoul catchment.

N° | X (m) | Y (m) | N° | X (m) | Y (m) |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

P1 | 375,425.62 | 4,058,710.17 | P14 | 366,337.18 | 4,054,866.19 |

P2 | 374,496.25 | 4,057,723.53 | P15 | 369,589.50 | 4,051,912.45 |

P3 | 374,533.68 | 4,056,506.43 | P16 | 371,186.40 | 4,052,366.52 |

P4 | 373,893.76 | 4,055,315.90 | P17 | 371,897.50 | 4,049,519.69 |

P5 | 372,720.30 | 4,054,656.09 | P18 | 370,680.00 | 4,047,361.72 |

P6 | 371,720.73 | 4,054,348.72 | P19 | 368,502.03 | 4,047,109.89 |

P7 | 369,870.38 | 4,053,866.53 | P20 | 366,831.31 | 4,048,601.47 |

P8 | 368,255.99 | 4,054,208.03 | P21 | 365,040.89 | 4,048,188.93 |

P9 | 367,492.01 | 4,054,096.72 | P22 | 368,495.87 | 4,050,579.35 |

P10 | 366,726.87 | 4,054,144.07 | P23 | 363,989.19 | 4,050,114.83 |

P11 | 365,854.40 | 4,053,583.85 | P24 | 363,162.02 | 4,051,752.15 |

P12 | 366,080.29 | 4,052,571.78 | P25 | 364,839.14 | 4,050,714.70 |

P13 | 366,465.12 | 4,051,965.49 |

N° | Initial Infiltration Rate f_{0} at t = 2 min [cm/min] | Final Infiltration Rate f _{c} min [cm/min] |
---|---|---|

P1 | 1 | 0.6 |

P2 | 2.5 | 0.1 |

P3 | 1 | 0.2 |

P4 | 1 | 0.1 |

P5 | 0.9 | 0.1 |

P6 | 0.5 | 0.1 |

P7 | 1.1 | 0.1 |

P8 | 1.3 | 0.2 |

P9 | 1.1 | 0.1 |

P10 | 1.2 | 0.1 |

P11 | 1 | 0.2 |

P12 | 1.2 | 0.2 |

P13 | 1 | 0.1 |

P14 | 1.3 | 0.1 |

P15 | 1.5 | 0.1 |

P16 | 1 | 0.1 |

P17 | 1.2 | 0.1 |

P18 | 1 | 0.1 |

P19 | 1.1 | 0.1 |

P20 | 0.5 | 0.1 |

P21 | 1.1 | 0.1 |

P22 | 1 | 0.1 |

P23 | 1 | 0.2 |

P24 | 1.1 | 0.1 |

P25 | 1.5 | 0.1 |

N° | Day | Moisture Content (%) | N° | Day | Moisture Content (%) |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

P1 | 14 April 2019 | 21.21 | P14 | 28 April 2019 | 23.00 |

P2 | 15 April 2019 | 40.06 | P15 | 6 May 2019 | 13.90 |

P3 | 19 April 2019 | 26.58 | P16 | 6 May 2019 | 21.21 |

P4 | 17 April 2019 | 29.03 | P17 | 7 May 2019 | 16.69 |

P5 | 20 April 2019 | 25.79 | P18 | 7 May 2019 | 9.89 |

P6 | 20 April 2019 | 14.81 | P19 | 9 May 2019 | 19.33 |

P7 | 22 April 2019 | 8.58 | P20 | 9 May 2019 | 19.76 |

P8 | 22 April 2019 | 12.11 | P21 | 11 May 2019 | 24.69 |

P9 | 23 April 2019 | 13.77 | P22 | 11 May 2019 | 14.16 |

P10 | 23 April 2019 | 16.82 | P23 | 12 May 2019 | 28.53 |

P11 | 25 April 2019 | 14.81 | P24 | 12 May 2019 | 16.69 |

P12 | 25 April 2019 | 12.11 | P25 | 13 May 2019 | 13.38 |

P13 | 28 April 2019 | 20.77 |

N° | Horton’s Model | Kostiakov’s Model | Philip’s Model | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

k (h^{−1})
| A | B | S (cm/h^{0.5})
| $\mathit{K}$(cm/h) | |

P1 | 5.403 | 3.875 | 0.586 | 9.893 | 0.012 |

P2 | 6.744 | 2.174 | 0.890 | 11.688 | 0.014 |

P3 | 2.18 | 6.975 | 0.462 | 12.647 | 0.0379 |

P4 | 2.576 | 5.920 | 0.514 | 12.216 | 0.020 |

P5 | 1.897 | 6.625 | 0.425 | 10.211 | 0.990 |

P6 | 1.795 | 3.182 | 0.483 | 6.070 | 0.012 |

P7 | 3.243 | 5.695 | 0.503 | 11.429 | 0.012 |

P8 | 2.682 | 6.527 | 0.554 | 15.218 | 0.010 |

P9 | 2.643 | 5.334 | 0.542 | 11.885 | 0.010 |

P10 | 3.411 | 6.529 | 0.524 | 13.930 | 0.010 |

P11 | 2.402 | 6.671 | 0.449 | 11.077 | 0.743 |

P12 | 4.774 | 3.529 | 0.687 | 12.218 | 0.010 |

P13 | 2.368 | 5.434 | 0.510 | 11.156 | 0.010 |

P14 | 3.504 | 7.290 | 0.530 | 15.682 | 0.010 |

P15 | 4.080 | 6.403 | 0.586 | 16.078 | 0.020 |

P16 | 2.939 | 5.512 | 0.506 | 11.182 | 0/013 |

P17 | 4.037 | 6.678 | 0.517 | 13.960 | 0.012 |

P18 | 2.786 | 4.747 | 0.689 | 13.748 | 0.010 |

P19 | 5.320 | 3.855 | 0.634 | 11.217 | 0.020 |

P20 | 1.987 | 2.975 | 0.454 | 4.854 | 0.841 |

P21 | 4.611 | 3.420 | 0.671 | 11.003 | 0.010 |

P22 | 3.055 | 5.371 | 0.531 | 11.668 | 0.030 |

P23 | 4.000 | 5.209 | 0.536 | 11.414 | 0.030 |

P24 | 3.517 | 5.110 | 0.579 | 12.553 | 0.012 |

P25 | 4.537 | 6.145 | 0.593 | 15.581 | 0.015 |

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## Share and Cite

**MDPI and ACS Style**

Dahak, A.; Boutaghane, H.; Merabtene, T.
Parameter Estimation and Assessment of Infiltration Models for Madjez Ressoul Catchment, Algeria. *Water* **2022**, *14*, 1185.
https://doi.org/10.3390/w14081185

**AMA Style**

Dahak A, Boutaghane H, Merabtene T.
Parameter Estimation and Assessment of Infiltration Models for Madjez Ressoul Catchment, Algeria. *Water*. 2022; 14(8):1185.
https://doi.org/10.3390/w14081185

**Chicago/Turabian Style**

Dahak, Asma, Hamouda Boutaghane, and Tarek Merabtene.
2022. "Parameter Estimation and Assessment of Infiltration Models for Madjez Ressoul Catchment, Algeria" *Water* 14, no. 8: 1185.
https://doi.org/10.3390/w14081185