Conditions Driving Youth Employment in Key Sectors of the Nigerian Economy
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Estimating Model/Model Specification
2.1.1. Revealed Comparative Advantage Index (Balassa Index)
2.1.2. Employment Elasticities
2.1.3. Logistic Regression Model
3. Results and Discussions
3.1. Trend of Youth Unemployment in Nigeria
3.2. Economic Sectors with Job Creation Potential for Youths in Nigeria
3.2.1. Existing Government Policies Analysis, Enterprise Analysis, and Geopolitical Area Comparative Advantage
Agro-Ecological Zones Potentials Analysis
3.2.2. Trade Related Indices Economic Sectors with Job Creation Potential in Nigeria
Revealed Comparative Advantage, Diversification, and Concentration Indices
3.2.3. Employment Elasticity
3.3. Differential Impact of Sectoral Growth on Youth Employment across Rural and Urban Areas
3.4. Economic and Political Constraints to Developing Key Sectors Relevant for Youth Employment
3.5. Conditions Required for Local and Foreign Private Sectors to Invest in Identified Sectors in Nigeria
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
|Agriculture||Agriculture; fishing and forestry|
|Mining||Quarrying and mining|
|Utilities||Electricity, steam, gas and air conditioning supply; water supply; sewerage, remediation activities; and waste management.|
|Trade services||Trade (retail and wholesale); accommodation activities, motor vehicles and motorcycles repair; food service activities.|
|Transport services||Transportation and storage.|
|Business services||Information and communication; administrative and support service activities, professional, scientific and technical activities.|
|Financial services||Financial and insurance activities.|
|Real estate||Real estate activities.|
|Government services||Public administration and defense; education; human health and social work activities; compulsory social security.|
|Other services||Arts, recreation, and entertainment; other service activities; households as employer’s activities; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use; activities of extraterritorial bodies and organizations.|
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|Year||Employment by Sector (No)||Share of Employment (%)||Gross Domestic Product 2018 (N)||Share of GDP (%)|
|Economic Sectors||Elasticity||Standard Error|
|Nigerian Youth Categorization|
|AU Charter Youth Categorization (15–35 Years)|
|Coeff||Z Value||Marg. Effect||Coeff||Z Value||Marg. Effect|
|Remittance||−0.891 ***||−4.01||−0.214||−0.520 ***||−3.51||−0.124|
|Education (years)||−0.011||−0.54||−0.003||0.030 **||2.27||0.007|
|Occupa_Industry||2.852 ***||2.63||0.685||1.849 ***||2.83||0.441|
|Occupa_Constru||3.881 ***||3.75||0.931||3.576 ***||4.90||0.852|
|Occupa_Trade||−0.403 *||−1.85||−0.097||−0.362 **||−2.41||−0.086|
|Occupa_Service||0.364 **||2.08||0.087||0.218 *||1.76||0.052|
|Southwest||−0.603 **||2.13||0.145||0.612 ***||3.01||0.146|
|South-South||−1.694 ***||5.14||0.407||1.772 ***||7.58||0.422|
|Northeast||1.561 ***||5.22||0.375||1.485 ***||6.93||0.354|
|Northeast||0.477 *||1.82||0.114||0.291 ***||1.51||0.069|
|Constant||−0.817 **||−1.38||−1.121 ***||−2.90|
|Sector||Sub-Sector||Conditions/Enabling Environment to be Put in Place|
|Services||Digital Economy||Increased access to finance and infrastructure|
|Services||Education||Increased access to training opportunities, favorable policies such as tax reductions, stable exchange rate, increased access to lands for investors in the educational sector, politically stable environment, corruption reduction, and access to improved infrastructure (good road, water, and electricity).|
|Services||Health||Access to well-equipped infrastructure, health insurance, competitive salaries, and welfare packages.|
|Services||Telecommunication||Access to infrastructure and finance to scale up broadband, introduction of investor-friendly policy for ease of business, and improvement in national security and social stability|
|Service||Finance||Improve regulation and introduce incentives such as tax breaks, provide technical capacity building to enhance staff capacities, and ensure compliance with the central bank regulations.|
|Agriculture||General||Increase access to finance, improve land access and tenure securities, introduce technical and vocational education, trainings and other training programs, curb corruption, make the economy more politically stable by addressing insecurity challenge from Fulani Herdsmen, and increase access to productive inputs at subsidized rates.|
|Construction||Construction||Access to finance and infrastructure, curb corruption, reduce expenses and capital allowance, and introduce the exemption of withholding tax on foreign loans and capital gains tax.|
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Edewor, S.E.; Kollie, G.B.; Olaoye, I.J. Conditions Driving Youth Employment in Key Sectors of the Nigerian Economy. Sustainability 2023, 15, 6096. https://doi.org/10.3390/su15076096
Edewor SE, Kollie GB, Olaoye IJ. Conditions Driving Youth Employment in Key Sectors of the Nigerian Economy. Sustainability. 2023; 15(7):6096. https://doi.org/10.3390/su15076096Chicago/Turabian Style
Edewor, Sarah Edore, Genesis B. Kollie, and Ibukun James Olaoye. 2023. "Conditions Driving Youth Employment in Key Sectors of the Nigerian Economy" Sustainability 15, no. 7: 6096. https://doi.org/10.3390/su15076096