Implementation of Urban Solution for New Faculty Facilities within Spatial Historical and Cultural Units—A Case Study of Belgrade, Serbia
2. Literature Review
3. Materials and Methods
4.1. The Case Study of FAA
- Spatial concept and architectural expression—How the solution meets the goal of creating an internationally significant higher education institution; how the proposed solution relates to the context and creating identity—Relationship with the spatial cultural-historical unit of Kosančićev Venac; quality of the solution in relation to the characteristics and significance of the purpose, a clear spatial concept, recognizable in its basic idea; relation towards public city space; character and quality with regard to improving the urban identity; urban architectural design and ambient characteristics of the solution; relation to context, architectural and cultural heritage.
- Functional solution, fulfillment of spatial requirements from the program task—Strategy and approach to spatial and ambient requirements of the facility in terms of flexibility and programming the space; analysis and solution regarding the concept for use and maintenance of the facility, including access, movement of students, teachers, and visitors; distribution of purpose and content in space; functionality of the solution.
- Sustainability, energy efficiency—How the characteristics of the proposed solution relate to environmental and social sustainability and its compliance with the goals of sustainable development; how the design of the building relates to energy efficiency and efficient operations during its exploitation; how it deals with the goals of sustainable development; economy of the solution in its execution and exploitation; application of environmentally and energetically sustainable solutions for preserving and improving the quality of the environment.
- Potential for further implementation of the project—Technical and financial feasibility of the solution.
4.2. The Case Study of FEE+
- Adapt the volume of the new building/s primarily to the cultural monuments in the immediate environment. The relationship between the size and volume of the existing building that is retained and the new structure must be carefully considered and adjusted to the existing location and wider context, as well as to the visibility of the entire block, in a way that affirms the monumental features and improves the ambiance of the complex. The plan allows for the physical connection of the main faculty buildings with the planned new construction or extension.
- The new physical structure should be planned as original architecture, of modern architectural design, adequately integrated with the architectural, urban, and ambient features of the existing structures that are cultural monuments so that it participates in accentuating their value and affirms the space as a unique complex.
- When planning the ground-floor arrangement of the indoor space in the block, focus on forming a unique space that corresponds with all the buildings in the university center while respecting historical connections and matrices, primarily to create views of Ćirila and Metodija Park, as well as Mali Tašmajdan Park. Pay special attention to planning the use of open areas and different ways in which people can spend time outdoors. Plan green roofs in the complex.
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Comparison between Two Case Studies Areas and Awarded Projects (FAA & FEE+)|
|Both locations are located in sensitive zones under a high degree of architectural heritage protection and historically significant areas in the mental map of the city of Belgrade.||FAA is part of the historical center of Belgrade, in the contact zone of the Belgrade Fortress, with more strict conditions of protection than location of FEE+.|
|Interpolation of the new faculty building into the protected city zone in a sustainable way.||FAA—Independent Facility structure in the mixed-use area.|
FEE+—Creating a functional link and complex with other existing objects in the block belonging to the university.
|Procedure of the implementation of the urban plan conditions with urban & architectural competition as mandatory step.||Different urban plans as a starting point.|
FAA—Amendments and Additions to the Detailed Regulation Plan of Kosančićev Venac (AAPDR).
FEE+—Amendments and Additions to the General Regulation Plan of Belgrade (AAGRPB).
|FAA—Public, open, single-stage, architectural competition for the conceptual design of the new building, 25 competition entries had been submitted.|
FEE+—Competition was organised by invitation of eight respectable designing teams.
|Specific requirements related to the purpose of the higher education facilities.||The difference in the sizes of the locations and the square footage of the buildings, program conditions related to teaching technics.|
FAA—Plot area of 0.25 ha, gross building area of 11,000 m2; need for art studios, exhibition space, …
FEE+—Plot area 5.3 ha, gross building area of 22,000 m2 with 7000 m2 for garage; need for scientific research centre with laboratories, student’s canteen, …
|Sustainable relation to the public space in surrounding.||FAA—Parts of the building accessible to the public (exhibition space, atrium and street connection on different levels).|
FEE+—Public space within the block accessible to the citizens, connection with square and streets.
|Requirements for renewable energy and energy efficiency, usage of vegetative roofs.||/|
|Interaction between services for protection, planning, citizens (through the public insight procedure), decision makers.||/|
|Investment of the Government of the Republic of Serbia Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development.||FAA—Support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).|
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Danilović Hristić, N.; Lalošević, M.; Stefanović, N. Implementation of Urban Solution for New Faculty Facilities within Spatial Historical and Cultural Units—A Case Study of Belgrade, Serbia. Sustainability 2023, 15, 5590. https://doi.org/10.3390/su15065590
Danilović Hristić N, Lalošević M, Stefanović N. Implementation of Urban Solution for New Faculty Facilities within Spatial Historical and Cultural Units—A Case Study of Belgrade, Serbia. Sustainability. 2023; 15(6):5590. https://doi.org/10.3390/su15065590Chicago/Turabian Style
Danilović Hristić, Nataša, Marija Lalošević, and Nebojša Stefanović. 2023. "Implementation of Urban Solution for New Faculty Facilities within Spatial Historical and Cultural Units—A Case Study of Belgrade, Serbia" Sustainability 15, no. 6: 5590. https://doi.org/10.3390/su15065590